Youth Sports Why Study Youth Sports?

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Youth Sports

Why Study Youth Sports?

  • Number of children involved

  • Intensity of children’s involvement in sport

  • Importance of sport for American Children

  • Legal liability

  • Conclusion

The Great Debate: Youth Sports Pro or Con?

  1. Common Views of Youth Sports

  1. Negative View :

  1. Children are placed under too much stress

  2. Children are dropping out because of negative coaching

  3. Young athletes learn poor sportsmanship and aggression

  1. Positive View

  1. Sport participation builds character and leadership qualities

  2. It teaches children to cope with stress and other negative emotions

  1. Youth Sports Pro or Con - A Scientific Perspective

  1. Key Point: Performance is compared and evaluated by selected others (coaches, parents, teammates, peers).

  2. Implications: Athletic competition for children is a double edged sword. It can have both positive and negative effects. Whether competition results in positive or negative experiences depends to a large extent on those who wield the sword - the adult leaders.

The Sport Experience is Not Inherently

Good or Bad - It Depends on the Social Context

  1. Are athletes placed under too much stress?

  1. Findings - Overall, competitive youth sport participation is not that anxiety producing. However, sport competition can be perceived as threatening or anxiety producing by some children in some situations (Scanlan & Passer, 1979 soccer study).

B. What children in what specific athletic situations experience heightened anxiety.

  1. Child Characteristics - high trait anxiety, low self/team performance expectations, uncertainty about capabilities, uncertainty about relationships with others, high fear of failure

  2. Situational Characteristics - event importance, event outcome (win or lose), parental expectations

  1. Implications

  1. Know your athletes as individuals

  2. Different strokes for different folks (not everyone needs a pep talk, some must relax)

  3. Reduce importance

  4. Reduce uncertainty

What Do Parents and Coaches Unknowingly do To Undermine Motivation in Young Athletes?

  1. The youth sport dropout

  1. Dropout statistics - 22 to 37%

  2. When do young athletes dropout? - 11 to 13

  1. Forgetting participation motives of young athletes

  1. Motives young athletes give for participation - to have fun, improve skills/learn new skills, friendship/affiliation, thrill and excitement, succeed or win, fitness

  2. Motives young athletes give for dropping out - interest change/conflicting activities, lack of success/skill improvement, lack of participation, boredom, lack of fun, dislike for coach, competitive stress

  3. Key point - Young athletes have a variety of participation motives

  1. Young athletes are not miniature adults

  2. Implications

  1. Recognise motives for participation and help fulfil them

  2. Keep winning in perspective

  3. Create positive social environment (experiences)

Coaching Philosophy

Coaching Philosophy--- Coaching Objectives & Coaching Style--- Success and Enjoyment

This Means That

Your set of principles --- What you want to accomplish &--- Your success and enjoyment

for the conduct of life The manner in which you carry and your athletes success

Out your goals. And enjoyment

Your coaching philosophy serves as a basis for all your behaviour. It keeps you consistent
Youth Sports IQ Test
yes no sometimes

  1. Kids have fun playing organised sports Y N S

  1. The emphasis on winning in youth sports is beneficial Y N S

  1. Participation in youth sports helps prepare kids for

adult life Y N S

  1. Playing in organised sports is safer than playing in

unorganised sports Y N S

  1. Participation develops an appreciation for achievement Y N S

  1. Parents are not the biggest problem in youth sports Y N S

  1. Kids improve their physical fitness through participation Y N S

  1. Participation develops self-confidence and leadership Y N S

  1. Participation develops the habit of participation for the

adult years Y N S
10. Kids learn appropriate sportsmanship through participation Y N S

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