You must show that you have read the assignment by providing detail in your answers. Chap. 18. 1: 389-392

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Japan Text Questions
Use your textbook to answer the following questions. You don’t have to write in complete sentences, but you must show that you have read the assignment by providing detail in your answers.

Chap. 18.1: 389-392
1. Japan is a chain of islands, or _______________.
2. How have the seas impacted Japan’s relationship with other nations?

3. What natural disasters often strike Japan due to its location?

4. How has geography affected population patterns in Japan?

5. What are the four major foods in the Japanese diet?

6. Why is Japan dependent on world trade?

7. Define a homogeneous society.

8. Name three groups that the Japanese have discriminated against.

Chap. 18.2: 393-397
9. What was clan? Why would the Japanese claim their emperor is a divine descendent from the sun goddess?
10. List seven ways in which Chinese culture influenced Japan.

11. Give two examples of Chinese culture that were rejected by the Japanese.

12. How did the Japanese develop their own system of writing?
13. Describe the structure of Japanese feudal society.
14. How did the shogun keep the daimyo under their control?

15. Why did the Tokugawa shogun ate “isolate” Japan?

16. Describe three ways the Tokugawa shoguns “isolated” Japan.

17. Which countries were allowed contact with Japan?

Chap. 18.3: 398-401
18. What are the basic beliefs of Shinto?

19. How did Buddhist sects followed by commoners and samurai differ?

20. How did Confucian ideas influence Japan?

21. “The way of the warrior” was called ____________. It emphasized ________________ above all else. What other values were respected by the samurai?

22. What restrictions governed the lives of commoners?

Chap. 18.4: 378-382
23. In 1853, the __________ sent a fleet commanded by ________________ to force Japan to open itself up for trade.
24. What rights did the Treaty of Kanagawa grant the U.S.?

25. What additional rights were gained from later “ unequal treaties” with other western nations?

26. What was the Meiji Restoration?

27. Why did the Japanese decide to modernize?

28. Name two observations about Americans expressed by the Japanese. What does each observation reveal about Japanese culture?

29. What did the Japanese study from western nations?

30. What western ideas did Japan incorporate into their government un the Meiji emperor?

31. How did Japan modernize its economy?

32. Define zaibatsu.

33. How did the Japanese government change its military?

34. How did the Japanese raise the money to modernize?

35. Under the Meiji, what did the government require of all children?

36. By 1925, what right did all Japanese men have? When did women gain this right?

37. What did Japan gain as a result of war in 1895 and 1905?

38. Name two reasons that the Japanese expanded into Asia.

39. Why did extreme nationalists argue that Japan should not have stopped its overseas expansion?

40. What kind of government ruled Japan in the 1930s? What values did they encourage?

41. What mission did the new leaders promote?

42. In 1931, Japan invaded _____________. In 1937, the Japanese invaded ______________. Japan joined the alliance known as the __________ with ____________ and __________.

43. How did the U.S. respond to Japan’s invasion of French Indochina?
44. After attacking Pearl Harbor, what did the Japanese invade?

45. What tactics did U.S. forces use to fight against the Japanese?

Chap. 19.1: 411-415
46. What were the two main goals of the U.S. occupation of Japan?

47. Name three ways that General MacArthur ended Japanese militarism?

48. Explain three ways that the U.S. occupation built Japanese democracy.

49. Describe three ways that Japanese society changed after 1945.

50. Why do Japanese youth experience severe educational stress?

Chap. 19.2: 415-418
51. What had been called an economic miracle in Japan?

52. How did the Japanese build their economy after WWII?

53. Describe six reasons for Japan’s economic success.
54. Why does Japan face a serious labor shortage? What steps are the Japanese taking to solve this problem?

Chap. 19.3: 418-421
55. After WWI, what was Japan’s policy regarding the use of military force?
56. How has Japan’s military policy changed over the years?

57. How is Japan liked to the global economy?

58. Describe Japan’s relationship with China.

59. Why have relations between Japan and Korea been strained?

60. Over what islands do Russia and Japan have a longstanding dispute?

61. Why do Southeast Asian nations distrust Japan?

Chap. 19.4: 422-426
62. Give two examples of the influence Japan has had on the arts of other countries.

63. What is one similarity and one difference between Noh and Kabuki theatres?

64. What Japanese work is considered to be the world’s first great novel?

65. What is ukiyo-e art?

66. What is the relationship of Zen Buddhism to Japanese art?

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