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YOU BE THE JUDGE:

Was Alexander the Great a hero or a villain?
Directions: Read the following primary source documents on Alexander the Great to determine if he was a hero or a villain.


Document #1:

“…When he came to Thebes…the city…was sacked and razed. Alexander’s hope being that so severe an example might terrify the rest of Greece into obedience…thirty thousand, was publicly sold for slaves, and it is computed that upwards of six thousand were put to the sword.”

-Plutarch, Greek Historian, 90 A.D.

1. According to this document, what did Alexander the Great do?

2. How does this document depict (describe) Alexander the Great?

Document #2:

“Alexander, by founding more than seventy cities among the barbarian tribes…suppressed their savage and uncivilized customs…Those whom Alexander conquered were more fortunate than those who escaped…(He desired to give) all the races in the world…one rule and one form of government, making all mankind a single people.”

--Plutarch, Greek Historian, 90 A.D.

1. How does this document depict Alexander the Great?

2. According to this document, what did Alexander the Great aspire to do?
Document #3:

“For I myself believe that there was at that time no race of mankind, no city, no individual (to whom) the name Alexander had not reached. And so not I can suppose that a man quite beyond all other men was born without some divine influence”

-Arrian, philosopher A.D. 171

1. Looking at the first sentence, what does this quote reveal about Alexander the Great and his actions?

2. Looking at the second sentence, how does this philosopher explain how Alexander the Great was able to become so powerful?

Document #4:

“He was…very heroic in courage…He was very clever in recognizing what was necessary to be done, when others were still in a state of uncertainty…In…ruling an army, he was exceedingly skillful; and very renowned for rousing the courage of his soldiers, filling them with hopes of success, and dispelling their fear in the midst of danger by his own freedom from fear. He was likewise very (dedicated to) keeping the agreements and settlements which he made.”

--Arrian, philosopher A.D. 171

1. How does Arrian describe Alexander the Great?


2. How does this description explain how he was able to conquer vast lands?
Directory: cms -> lib8 -> NY01913789 -> Centricity -> Domain -> 253
Domain -> Renaissance humanist thinkers paved the way for the Scientific Revolution
253 -> Social Studies 10R – Mr. Berman unit #3 thematic essay question
253 -> Social Studies 10R – Mr. Berman Aim #7: What were the goals of Prussian Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck? Do Now: Historical Context
253 -> Social Studies 9r mr. Berman Text-Pericles Funeral Oration
253 -> Social Studies 9R – Mr. Berman Aim #9: Were the European knight and the Japanese samurai the same person living on different continents?
253 -> The Renaissance Begins
253 -> Aim #5: Why did the French Revolution descend into anarchy, bloodshed, and dictatorship? Was this inevitable?
253 -> Social Studies 10R – Mr. Berman Aim #6: What challenges did the Allies face at the Paris Peace Conference? Historical Context
253 -> Social Studies 10R – Mr. Berman Aim #7: Was the Treaty of Versailles a fair resolution to World War I?

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