You are required to have the following: self teacher

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Name ________________________

Date ________________________

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Mayflower R.A.F.T. Rubric

100 Point project Due Monday 10-12-09

Role - You are sailing on the Mayflower during its voyage to North America.
Audience - A modern day student reading a primary source document.

Format - You are writing a journal or diary of events

explaining your voyage on the Mayflower and

your life in the New World.
Topic - Your diary should reflect what life was like during

the voyage on the Mayflower, which set sail September

6,1620 and arrived 66 days later in North America. Journal

entries should also reflect life in the Plymouth settlement, including

how the Pilgrims interacted with the Native Americans.

You are required to have the following: self teacher

  1. Five journal entries, each containing 5-7

middle school level sentences, with suitable

dates. Two of the entries must be about life in 50­ _____ _____

Plymouth including interactions with Native

Americans. All entries must contain factual information.

2. Five glossary terms, one per entry, 10 _____ _____

highlighted or underlined.

  1. An appropriately sized colored illustration 10 _____ _____

relating to the journal or diary.
4. Conventions: correct spelling, punctuation, 10 _____ _____

and capitalization.

5. Word Choice: descriptive words to creatively 10 _____ _____

describe the journey.

6. Title, neatness, and creativity. 10 _____ _____

Example of a journal entry:
September 6, 1620
My name is Amanda Catlow. I am 15 years of age.
I set sail on a blustery cold day, leaving England and all of my beloved family behind. I can see the deckhands scurrying around the ship, tackling the rigging as we depart the shores of my homeland. I hope for a swift, safe voyage and a future filled with new freedoms and prosperity.
PS. I hope I don’t get seasick.

Example of a diary entry:
September 6, 1620
Diary of Jonathan Bond, born May 1, 1605
Dear Diary,

Today I embark on a new adventure for I am sailing on the Mayflower to North America. My parents wish me well as I begin my apprentice on this beauty of a ship. I can hear the boson shouting orders and I can only hope that I will hastily learn all there is to know about sailing. Some of the passengers are already seasick, as their faces have turned a pasty shade of green. Not me, I was born for this life!


  1. Five entries containing 5-7 middle school level sentences each.

  2. At least 1 new highlighted or underlined glossary term per entry.

  3. An appropriate sized colored illustration.

  4. Correct spelling and punctuation.

  5. Use of descriptive words in each entry.

  6. A title on a neatly and creatively displayed journal or diary.

Mayflower R.A.F.T. Glossary Terms

All hands predy to set sail: all hands make ready to set sail

Apprentice: one who studies a craft or a profession

Belay: to secure a rope by turning it around a pin or cleat

Boards: the ship deck

Bosun: the crew member who is in charge of the rigging and the sails

Caulk: to stop a leak by sealing

Chamber pot: a pot used as a toilet

Clew up: to draw the sails up at the corners so they hold less wind

Courses in their gear: the sails are ready to be set

Dire: terrible

Douse: to put out by soaking with water

Fair: very

Fearsome: terrible

Fetch: to go get

Fortnight: two weeks time

Furl: to wrap the sails

Good voice: loud

Hammock: bed made of canvas

Hatch: an opening in the deck of a ship

Mayflower R.A.F.T. Glossary Terms

Lief: gladly or willingly

Line: rope of a sail with a specific function

Master: person in charge of a merchant ship

Mayflower Compact: a formal document written in 1620 that provided

law and order to the Plymouth colony

Mightily: very much or strongly

Oakum: fiber soaked with tar and pounded into cracks to stop leaks

Pilot: officer who takes charge of the ship when it is near land

Pitch: the front to back movement of a ship in water

Predy: ready

Prosperous: favorable

Rank: something foul or a foul smell

Relash: to retie securely with rope

Rigging: lines used to support the sails

Roll: the side to side motion of a ship on the waves

Stench: a bad smell

Sufficient: able or strong

Unfurl: to untie and let down the sails

Working top: platform high up a mast where the sailors can stand

Younker: a youngster or lad

The Mayflower Voyage – September 6, 1620
The Pilgrims

  • Pilgrims - people who left England to sail to the “New World”

to worship God in their own way.

  • the voyage began on September 6th, 1620

  • they sailed on a boat called the Mayflower

Life on the Mayflower

  • the Mayflower was a cargo ship, 90 ft. long & smelled good

  • cargo included wine, cloth, hats, etc.

  • carried 102 passengers (34 of them children) & 30 sailors

  • A baby boy was born during the voyage named Oceanus

  • Pilgrim passengers included a doctor, shoemaker, soldier, cooper, and a farmer

  • The captains name was Captain Jones

  • reasons for the voyage were – religious freedom, to find work/jobs, and or for adventure

  • families could bring 1 Bible and 1 chest of belongings - many things behind, like toys

  • you ate salt horse: salted beef, pork, or fish, and

hardtack: hard dry biscuit

  • Will Butten, the doctor’s servant, got sick and died from ship’s fever!

  • how to have fun: play with dog or cat, read books that William Brewster brought, or sing “psalms”: religious songs

  • John and Francis Billington – young pilgrim boys who got into trouble during the voyage

The New World

  • November 9th, 1620 the Pilgrims first see land

  • it was called Cape Cod

  • the voyage took 66 days to get from England to the New World

  • Mayflower Compact: 1st set of rules/laws: “majority rules”

  • 18 men left Cape Cod to explore and find a place to live

  • Dec. 11th, 1620, the men landed on Plymouth

  • they thought Plymouth was a good place to live because it had good clear land to farm, 2 rivers, no enemy Indians, and a safe place for boats to dock

  • Dec. 16th, 1620, the Mayflower along with the captain, his crew, and all of the Pilgrims sailed to Plymouth


  • the first house built was called the “Common House”

  • the first street built was called “First Street” and had houses built on both sides of the street

  • their first and best friends were the Indians

  • March 16th, 1621 Samoset, a native American who spoke English, walked into Plymouth

  • Samoset stayed the night & when he left the Pilgrims gave him a ring, bracelet, and knife

  • 4 days later, Samoset came back with Squanto

  • Squanto never left the village and he showed the Pilgrims where to hunt and fish, when to plant corn, and how to use herbs to make food taste better

  • Pilgrims did not work on Sundays, that was their day to worship God

  • Peace lasted between the Pilgrims and the Indians 54 years

  • Children could not talk at the dinner table unless spoken to first

  • children ate standing up and with their fingers, there were no forks and clam shells were often used as spoons, and you would use the same knife to cut meat that you used to cut wood

  • children had jobs: boys took turns watching the corn field, girls helped cook and wash clothes, and both boys and girls shelled corn

  • Plymouth rules: everyone must go to church on Sunday, everyone had to work hard, and it was a crime to get drunk or steal

The First Thanksgiving

  • Why give thanks: they had found a place to worship God in their own way, there was plenty to eat, 7 houses built, the danger of sickness was over, and the Indians were their friends

  • Thanksgiving lasted for three days around the middle of October 1621

  • all of the pilgrims, Squanto, Chief Massasoit 90 of his Indian braves took part

  • they ate wild turkey, deer, wild geese and duck, lobsters, eels, clams, corn, pumpkins, carrots, cucumbers, turnips, onions, radishes, beets, cabbage, strawberries, wild berries, plums, cherries, and honey to make their food taste sweet

  • Pilgrim women and girls cooked, the men and the boys played games like bows and arrows, throwing the bar, hand wrestling, they had running and racing contests, and there was a parade where one man blew the trumpet, one man beat on a drum , and several soldiers marched and fired their guns

  • Most importantly they gave thanks to God

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