Yellow Fever (how it impacted the society at that time) Free African Society



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Yellow Fever (how it impacted the society at that time)

Free African Society

Bush Hill

Dr. Rush


American Revolution

George Washington

French Cure

College of Physicians and Surgeons

Historical Events in American Plague
Young French sailor in a boarding house on North Water Street - AP p. 7 - August 3, 1793; died of it.

p 11 AP, August 19, 1793, Catherine LeMaigre was dying. Doctors Foulke & Hodge call in Dr. Rush to advise.


F, p 20-21, August 16, 1793, talk in the coffeehouse of someone who had died of an illness, they assumed it was yellow fever, said we haven't had yellow fever here in 30 yrs, Mary Shewall is one who died of a bilious fever, couldn't fault her character
AP, p 9, says that bells were ringing for the dead

F, p 32, talks about them ringing out the age of those that died; they later changed this

F, p 32, Nathan was counting the ages of those that had died, age 21

AP, p 33, reference to church bells ceasing to ring; ordered to remain silent, almost worse than the constant ringing


AP, p 2, Sloop Amelia, from Santo Domingo had anchored with a load of coffee that had spoiled during the voyage, dumped on Ball's Wharf on Water Street


F, p 19, someone died, due to heap of rotting coffee on Ball's Wharf, foul stench, noxious fumes are the killer, deadly miasma, August 16th, 1793
President Washington left Sept 10th (AP, p 42, & F, p248 in appendix)

He returned from Mount Vernon, Virginia, via Germantown (5 miles outside of Philadelphia)

Left MV on Oct 28 and arrived Germantown on Nov 1st., p 95 of AP

Entered Philly on Nov 10, saw the plague had subsided and rode back the same day to Germantown to inform congress members that it was safe to return to the city, p 100-101 AP

F, p 231-233, references how the president is back, along with members of the cabinet, Nov 10, 1793.
Mr. Peale didn't have an assistant, so that is fictional (Nathaniel Benson), they did stay in town and ate the live specimens, p 246 of appendix of Fever

Mattie wakes to frost, Oct 23, 1793, p 209


F, p 217, Nathaniel Benson, "we ate the specimens before they were treated with arsenic and stuffed"

F, p 246 in appendix, the amazing Peale family

AP, 29-30, locked themselves inside the house to avoid the fever, Betsy (wife) ventured into the garden and got ill. She died.
Ball's Wharf coffee incident

Washington's movements

Charles Wilson Peale really existed, but had no assistant
Washington really led the ..., but Captain William Farnsworth Cook of the Pennsylvanian Fifth Regiment, F 153, he didn't exist, he says he served under Washington
Rush references?
AP, p 15, Rush makes a reference to his earlier experience (when he was 16, serving under a doctor) of yellow fever symptoms in Philadelphia, 1762
Free African Society, pp 47-55 in AP and Reverend Allen mentioned in F on page 175.

Dr. Rush wrote to Reverend Allen and the Free African Society asking them to help with the sick

chance

p 167, F, Eliza speaks of the society, going home to home to help the sick.


Free African Society, pp 47-55 in AP
Attempts at prevention: vinegar, camphor, cannons, p 27, p 35, in American Plague; using oil in rain barrels, p 26
College of Physicians

Historic Facts in both books:


Dates of start and end of epidemic

Movements of President Washington (leaving, returning to Philadelphia)

Believed fever caused by dumped coffee on Ball's Wharf

Charles Wilson Peale keeping his family closed up in the city, eating live specimens

Bells ringing for the dead

Dr. Rush's treatment

French Cure (?)

Free African Society

College of Physicians (?)

References to the Revolution (?)


Fictional elements inserted in Fever:
Eliza in Free African Society

Nathaniel Benson living with the Peale family

Grandfather, Captain William Farnsworth Cook, serving under Washington in the Pennsylvanian Fifth Regiment during the Revolutionary War
Write 5 facts and one fiction
Facts
the role of the Free African Society

the suspected cause of the outbreak

the effectiveness of the French cure at Bush Hill

the disorganization of local and national government due to the plague

the significance of the movements of President Washington

the beginning and ending of the outbreak

the unique story of the Charles Wilson Peale family's survival

the effectiveness of the French cure at Bush Hill

the importance of the mayor and his committee

the significance of the ringing of the bells


Fiction
The fictional character Nathaniel Benson living with the Charles Wilson Peale family as an apprentice painter

The fictional character Eliza living with Mattie's family and working with the Free African Society

The fictional grandfather Captain William Farnsworth Cook serving under Washington in the Pennsylvanian Fifth Regiment
Use transition words

A first


Another

Yet another

Next

Lastly, Finally



One more

Also
Intro: include titles, authors, and topic in first sentence

Include 5 facts & one fiction in last sentence (thesis statement)

body 1 (fact 1)

body 2 (fact 2)

body 3 (fact 3)

body 4 (fact 4)

body 5 (fact 5 & 1 fiction)


Conclusion: restate intro: what you set out to show
Intro:
Fever 1793 by Laurie Halse Anderson
An American Plague by Jim Murphy
Topic of books: the yellow fever outbreak in Philadelphia in 1793
The yellow fever outbreak in Philadelphia in 1793 is the subject of two fine books. Fever 1793 by Laurie Halse Anderson and An American Plague by Jim Murphy both cover the facts of this epidemic. The details that both bring up are the following:

- the suspected cause of the outbreak

- the significance of the movements of President Washington

- the disorganization of local and national government due to the plague

- the importance of the mayor and his committee

- the effectiveness of "the French cure" at Bush Hill

- the details of Dr. Rush's treatment

- the role of the Free African Society

- the unique story of the Charles Wilson Peale family's survival.

Anderson, however, weaves a fictional tale around these facts, creating the character of Nathaniel Benson/ Eliza. Let's explore the importance of these facts and one fiction below.


A first

Another


Yet another

Next, in addition to..., as well as...,

One more

Also


Lastly/Finally, both books bring up the role of the Free African Society/ the unique story of the Charles Wilson Peale family's survival. Anderson, however, inserts the character of Eliza/Nathaniel into this organization/family's household.
living with the Charles Wilson Peale family as an apprentice painter

The fictional character Eliza living with Mattie's family and working with the Free African Society

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