Yearning to Breathe Free” Changing Attitudes about Immigration 1880-1920 Kate O’Mara

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Appendix D Your Name________________________

Text Dependent Questions

A Chinese immigrant makes his home in turn of the Century America

  1. In paragraph 2 Lee Chew tells his grandfathers’ stories about the “foreign devils.” He reports that the Chinese had many great inventions first, like money, fireworks, a seismometer (to detect earthquakes), paper, a working clock, and more. What inventions of the “foreign devils” is he referring to? List two here and explain.

  1. What happened when he was 16 that motivated him to leave China and go to America (paragraphs 3-7)?

  1. What made the journey to America so uncomfortable in paragraph 8? Why didn’t he eat?

  1. Why, according to Lee Chew, do the Chinese go into the laundry business (paragraph 22)?

  1. Why are Chinese workers the best according to Lee Chew in paragraphs 24-25?

Part 2

  1. When people leave their home they are motivated by “push factors” or “pull factors.” A push factor is something that is happening in or near your home that pushes you away, like war, or famine, or a lack of jobs. A pull factor is something that pulls or draws you to a potentially new home.

What is Lee Chew motivated by, a push factor or a pull factor? Use examples from the text to prove why you chose one motivation and not the other.

  1. Push or Pull (circle one)

  2. Evidence for your choice:

  1. When people leave their home, they emigrate. When people come to a new place they immigrate. Find the paragraphs where Lee Chew does these two things and identify them. How do you know this is correct? Explain using text evidence.


What is he doing in this section?

Quote the text



  1. Many immigrants arrived in the United States and felt alone and afraid, just like Lee Chew. Using Lee Chew as an example, explain why immigrants formed neighborhoods filled with people from the same country: Italian neighborhoods, Polish neighborhoods and places like Chinatown. Paragraph 8 and 16. In what ways did living with people from their own background help the immigrants?

  2. Acculturation is the process of keeping hold of traditions and customs from the original country (food, language, clothing, holidays, religion…). In what ways does Lee Chew maintain his Chinese heritage?

  1. Assimilation is the process of adapting to a new way of life. In what ways does Lee Chew assimilate or adopt “American” habits?

11. How did the competitive market for jobs in the U.S. create American and European opinions of the Chinese? How does the competitive job market shape Lee Chew’s opinions of others?

  1. Nativism is a set of feelings or actions in which native-born people try to protect their interests against immigrants. List here some examples of nativism by Americans that Lee Chew faces.

  1. List here evidence that shows effect of Lee Chew’s immigration to the U.S.

Evidence that Lee Chew’s immigration has helped the U.S.

Evidence that Lee Chew’s immigration hurt the U.S.

  1. List here five words or phrases that are clearly facts about Lee Chew’s experience.

  2. List here five words or phrases that are clearly Lee Chew’s opinion about his experience.

  1. Evaluate the immigration of people like Lee Chew. Write a paragraph comparing the pros and cons of immigration.

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