Year Inventor Invention



Download 72.56 Kb.
Date25.05.2016
Size72.56 Kb.
History of Computers

Timeline


Year

Inventor

Invention

1937

Atanasoff – Berry

Designed the ABC – electronic digital computer

1943

Alan Turing

Designed the Colossus – electronic computer that broke the German code

1945

John Von Neumann

Wrote a paper describing the stored program concept – memory holds both data and stored programs

1946

J. Mauchly & J. Eckert

ENIAC

1947

William Shockley, John Bardeen, Walter Brattain

Invented the Transistor (Transfer Resistance Device) which revolutionized computers by moving them away from the vacuum tube

1951

Remington Rand

UNIVAC 1 (Universal Automatic Computer) – the 1st commercial computer

1952

Dr. Grace Hopper

Created the concept for reusable software

1953

IBM

IBM was created

1955

IBM 305

Invented the RAMAC – magnetic disk for external storage

1957

John Backus

The programming language FORTRAN (Formula Translation) was created

1958




2nd generation of computer hardware begins

1959

IBM

Introduces desk-sized computers called CADET

1960

Dr. Grace Hopper

Introduced COBOL – Business application software

1964

IBM 360

18,000 computers are in existence. The IBM system 360 was introduced. It was the first family of circuitry stored on chips

1964

Dr. John Kemeny

Develop BASIC – a programming language

1965

Digital Equipment Corporation

PDP-8 mini-computer was invented

1968

Alan Shugart

Worked at IBM and introduced the 8” floppy disk as a magnetic storage media.

1968

Computer Science Corporation

First software company listed on the New York Stock Exchange

1969

IBM

Under pressure from the computing industry, IBM announced that they would sell their software packages separately which allowed other firms to enter into the industry.

1969

IBM

ARPANET network was introduced – the predecessor of the internet




1970

4th Generation

Computers are now built with large scaled integration chips. Chips contain from 1,000 to 15,000 circuits.

1971

Dr. Tedd Hoff

Microprocessor computer chip was developed. It was called INTEL 4004.

1975

MITS, Inc.

One of the first microcomputers, ALTAIR, was advertised on “Star Trek”

1976

Steve Jobs & Steve Wozniak

Built the first Apple computer. Apple II was adopted by most high schools.

1979

Bob Frankston & Dan Bricklin

Created a spreadsheet program for personal and business use named VISICALC.

1980

Alan Shugart

Presented the Winchester hard drive – storage for personal computers.

1980

IBM and Microsoft

IBM offered Microsoft an opportunity to develop an operating system for all personal computers – MS-DOS.

1981

IBM

IBM introduces the PC (Personal Computer) which quickly becomes the choice personal computer for business.

1982




Over 3 million personal computers sold, which is 3 million more than in 1981.

1982

Hayes

Introduces the smart modem

1982

Compaq. Inc.

Founded to develop and market IBM-compatible PC’s.

1983

Lotus Development Corp.

Lotus Development Corp. is founded and Lotus1-2-3 is created.

1984

IBM

Introduces the PC AT that used the Intel 80286 microprocessor.

1984

Hewlett-Packard

Announces the first LaserJet printer for PC’s

1987

Intel

Introduces the Intel 80386 microprocessor to be used by IBM PC’s.

1988

Microsoft

Surpasses Lotus to become the world’s top software vendor.

1989

Tim Berners-Lee

Invents the World Wide Web

1991

Educational Resources Information Center

AskERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) – provides an extensive and searchable database of documents and resources – ask questions and receive responses in 48 hours

1992

Microsoft

Releases Windows 3.1 – offers multimedia capability and OLE (object linking and embedding). Sold 3 million copies in two months.

1993

Intel

Companies introduce computer systems using the Pentium processor from Intel. It is the successor to the Intel 486 processor

1993

ISTE

ISTE (International Society for Technology in Education) introduces the 1st edition of Technology Standards

1993

Marc Andreessen

Creates Mosiac which leads to Netscape

1994

Jim Clark & Mark Anderson

Founded Netscape and launched Netscape Navigator 1.0 web browser

1994

Clinton Administration

Creates the Telecommunications and Information Infrastructure Assistance Program (TIIAP) – supplies grants to public institutions to fund the installation of advance communication technologies

1995

Microsoft

Releases Windows 95

1995

Sun Microsystems

Launches Java – an object oriented programming language that allows users to write one application for a variety of computer platforms

1996

Clinton Administration

Launches Technology Literacy Challenge - $2 billion, 5-year program that challenged American schools to integrate technology into their programs so that American students will have the skills they need to succeed in the next century

1997

Intel

Introduces the Pentium II – allows the use of graphics, videos and games

1998

Windows

Introduces Windows 98 – offers improved internet access from Windows 95

1998

Apple

Introduces the iMac – Apple Macintosh computer compatible with Windows software

1998

Florida High Schools

Florida high school students begin taking online courses

1998




The start of E-commerce – online shopping

1999

Intel

Introduces Pentium iii – allows enhanced multimedia capabilities

1999




Business and governments work frantically to make their computers Y2K compatible – Microsoft introduces Windows 2000

2000

Shawn Fanning

Napster, a music downloading site, was invented. He was sued by the music industry for copyright infringement.

2001

Microsoft

Releases an Office Suite for Macintosh

2001




Computer aided surgery took place using virtual reality to enhance the medical industry

2001

Apple

Released OS-X – claims to be the most advanced and easiest operating system in history

2002

President Bush

“No Child Left Behind Act” implemented and signed into law. – Every child will be tested on their skill level in reading in math

2002




DVD+RW replaces CD+RW - can store up to 8 times more data including music, movies, photos and backups

2002

Microsoft

Releases Pocket PC 2002 software for PDA’s to interface with PC’s and Microsoft software

2002




Wireless devices are available for consumer use

2002




Hand-held devices that are all-in-one are available for consumer use

2003




Wireless components became household items

2003

Intel

Releases Centrino Mobile Technology – a PC notebook processor

2003

Microsoft

Releases the Class Server Learning Management Platform – meets the challenges of the No Child Left Behind Act and allows teachers to track student achievement

2003

Microsoft

Introduces One Note – allows note taking on desktop computers

2003

ISTE

48 states have adopted and adapted to the NETS Standards

2003

Microsoft

Windows XP created for PC Tablets – specifically designed for note taking

2003

Microsoft

Releases Student/Teacher Edition Office Suite

2003

Apple

Created the first 64 bit processor

2004

Apple

Conglomerate of companies in conjunction with Apple offer Apple I-tunes for $.99

2004




Flat panel LCD monitors become more popular than CRT monitors

2004




USB flash drives become the new way to store and transport data from computer to computer

2004

Apple

I-Mac G5 is introduced

2004




Over ½ the US population can access internet via broadband connections

2004




RFID – Radio Frequency Identification Tags – Security tags for products

2005

Microsoft

Introduces Windows XP Media Edition

2005

Microsoft

Over 300 million copies of XP operating system sold

2005

Microsoft

Service Pac 2 (SP2) introduced – security center and firewall

2005




Spyware was introduced

2005




Other security systems for email usage were introduced

2005

Mozilla Foundation

Created Firefox browser to protect internet explorer from being plagued with spyware

2005




PDA’s are all inclusive

2005

Apple

Introduces the MAC mini for smart phones (SIM card)

2005

IBM

Introduces the Cell chip for smart phones (SIM card)

2006




Federal Education Rate (E-Rate) program donates more than $1 billion to connect K-12 classrooms and libraries to the internet – person to person emails are the most popular


Share with your friends:




The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2020
send message

    Main page