Year 9 Australian History 1900 1975 Exam Revision

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Year 9 Australian History 1900 – 1975

Exam Revision

For the exam you should be revising the key topics we have covered this semester. Pay particular attention to the following points:

  • Significant events (ie WWI, The 1920s, The Great Depression, WWII, Post War, Vietnam War)

  • Important ideas and concepts (Conscription, inflation, communism, immigration)

  • Key figures (Billy Hughes, Robert Menzies, Harold Holt, Gough Whitlam)

Make sure you have a list of specific examples/evidence that you can use to support your understanding of any particular topic (ie. Quotes, statistics, legislation (laws), cartoons)

Topics covered:
Australian Involvement in World War One

  • Initial response to the war

  • Gallipoli

  • The Western Front

  • The Home Front

  • Women’s role

  • Conscription

  • Results of the war (including The League of Nations)

Between the Wars

Australian Involvement in World War Two

  • Why Australians became involved

  • The threat to Australia: The War in the Pacific (Bombing of Darwin, The Battle of the Coral Sea, Kokoda etc)

  • The Home front (conscription, women’s role, rationing, censorship etc)

  • The outcome and legacy of WWII on Australian society

Australian involvement in the Vietnam War

  • The Australian response to the Cold War (‘reds under the bed’)

  • Communist threat in Asia

  • Why Australia became involved

  • Community response

  • Withdrawal (Gough Whitlam)

  • Refugees

Exam structure

10 min reading time

2 hr writing time (divide your time according to the task)

Section A: Multiple Choice 30 marks

Section B: Short Answer 30 marks

Section C: Document Analysis 20 marks

Section D: Essay 20 marks
The essay and short answer questions will take you the longest time. You may choose to complete these tasks first.
Multiple Choice
You must complete all questions (x30) and write your answers on the sheet provided. Each question is worth one mark.
This section relies on your ability to recall facts, figures, dates, people etc. It should be straight forward if you have studied thoroughly.
Try some of these sample questions to help you revise for this section.

Practice Short Answers Questions
Complete the 5 questions (worth 6 marks each) in the space provided.

You will need to provide some examples to help answer the questions. You will be expected to explain the significance of certain events and terms. For example, Women’s roll in World War II or the Conscription debates of 1916 & 1917.

Here are some questions to get you thinking about evaluating the importance of events and terms.

  1. For what reasons did Australia enter the Vietnam War? Which reason was most important?

  1. Explain why the Menzies Government was fearful of communism during the 1950s and 1960s.

  1. Explain the impact that the Gallipoli campaign had on Australia in 1915.

  1. How did Australians respond to the declaration of war in 1914?

  1. How did women’s role change between WWI and WWII?

  1. Explain the significance of the conscription debates of 1916 & 1917.

  1. What were the outcomes of the Vietnam War for Australia?

  1. Was Australia really under threat of invasion in 1942? Explain your opinion using evidence.

Visual Representation

Choose one extract and complete all questions as required.

The document study require that you know the background from your studies in class, but will also require you to apply your understanding of how to interpret written and visual documents.

Argus Supplement, 14 February 1942.]

  1. Identify the nationality of the three figures in this cartoon. /3

  2. What is the ape like figure in the background attempting to do and why? /2

  3. Why was the “retention [preservation] of Australia” so important to the war in the Pacific? /5

  4. Explain the success of the Australian and US troops in repelling the Japanese threat by the end of 1942. /4

  5. In what ways is this cartoon useful to understand America’s involvement in the Battle for Australia? /6

  1. What event is this poster referring to?

  2. Who proposed conscription in Australia I 1916 and why?

  3. What does it suggest will happen if you vote NO to conscription?

  4. Identify and explain two arguments that were given either supporting or opposing conscription. (you can chose one of each)

  5. Does this poster accurately help us to understand how divided Australia was about the issue of conscription? (what doesn’t it tell us)

Written Representation
“the character of the anti-war movement was to change significantly from the beginning of the 1968 … Following the Tet Offensive, in public debate, the issue of the morality of the war was now joined, more strongly than before, by the question of apparent futility”
Gregory Pemberton, Vietnam Remembered, NSW, p149

  1. In your own words explain the Tet Offensive. /4

  2. Identify and explain two reasons why people opposed the war in Vietnam. /4

  3. What is meant by the term ‘futile’? /2

  4. For what reasons had the war in Vietnam become futile after 1968? /4

  5. How useful is this document in helping us understand opposition to the Vietnam War? /6

... there will still be Australians fighting on Australian soil until the turning point be reached, and we will advance over blackened ruins, through blasted and fire-swept cities, across scorched plains, until we drive the enemy into the sea.

(Prime Minister John Curtin in a radio broadcast, 14 March 1942) Sourced from

  1. According to Prime Minister Curtin, how long were Australians going to fight for?

  2. Using your own knowledge explain the event/s which led Prime Minister Curtin to broadcast this message.

  3. Identify and explain two ways Australians helped to support the war effort on the home front.

  4. To what extent is this an accurate explanation of the impact of Japanese attacks on Australian soil?

Analytical Essay
Chose one and write an analytical/argumentative essay (approx 300 words). You should apply proper essay structure to your work, making sure you include an introduction, body and conclusion.

  1. Australian involvement in WWI was a unifying experience for all Australians.

To what extent do you agree?

  1. The negative aspects of the Great Depression touched all areas of life in Australia during the 1930s.

How much do you agree?

  1. To what extent was Australian and allied involvement in the Vietnam war a failure?

  1. ‘Australia played an integral role in defeating the Japanese’.

Discuss with reference to at least two different battles.

  1. ‘The lives of ordinary Australians were significantly touched by war.’

To what extent do you agree? (discuss with reference to World War I,

World War II and Vietnam)

There are many and varied ways you can revise and study. Most commonly you are asked to complete revision notes. This does not just mean re-writing your class work. It means you should summarise the key ideas, concepts and explain the importance of events and individuals you have studied.

Try using tables and visual diagrams to revise you material. You may also find it useful to record an audio file of you reading important information and listen to the MP3 file while on the bus or in the car.


Tables are great for revision. Not only do they present the information you are studying in a succinct format, you can also stick them to the fridge or shower screen so that you are looking at your notes regularly. You might find it easier to use butcher’s paper to draw up your tables.

Try this table:
Impact of World War One


Role played during the war

Positive experiences

Negative experiences



Men @ home





Diagrams are also useful; these come in various forms, attached are a few examples. You could draw a cause and effect diagram for such events as the Great Depression.


This is very useful when preparing responses to questions. For example, Identify and explain why Australia became involved in the Vietnam War? Write the question in the central box and use the hexagons to present your summary of ideas.


Use a Plus; Minus & Implications table to evaluate a period of time or a particular concept you have studied. For example, Conscription.

Lastly you should attempt to complete some practice questions (some samples are provided for you earlier in this booklet). You don’t need to use past exams as your textbook is full of document analysis and each chapter has a revision section. Another idea is to test each other. Sit down at lunch and create a question forum with your friends. This is particularly good for revising multiple choice and short answer questions.

Happy Studying.

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