Yan Lin Rosenberg Trial ( News Reporter Format ) 6/12/15
Welcome to the LES News. Today I will be discussing on the trial of the 20th century with you, the Rosenberg Trial. 61 years ago, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed on an electric chair for the espionage conspiracy on the day of June 19, 1953. Many of you might ask why were they important to us. But the fact that the Rosenbergs live in One Monroe Street makes it part of the Lower East Side’s history.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted for selling atomic secrets to the Soviet Union , and to be charged with conspiracy to commit espionage, a capital crime. The event started off as a chain reaction. First, Klaus Fuchs, a physicist was caught for a spy network in Los Alamos, then he confessed Harry Gold as a courier, Gold later named David Greenglass and Julius Rosenberg who were arrested later as well.
David Greenglass, Julius’s brother-in-law, was a machinist at Los Alamos, where the United States developed the atomic bombs. According to him, Rosenberg asked him to pass the instructions for the atomic bombs to the U.S.S.R and then the materials were passed by Harry Gold. But the Rosenbergs insisted that they are not guilty. Then Julius’s wife, Ethel, was arrested because her sister-in-law, Ruth Greenglass, told the government that Ethel spent a January evening typing David’s handwritten note to the U.S.S.R, assisting her husband.
Over the course of two years beginning on March 6, 1951 ,people signed for appeals but were later rejected again, again and again. Many had thoughts about why the rejection. Some say that because the Rosenbergs were both Communist, and the U.S are against them for this reason. While others say the only direct evidence was Greenglass’s confession. But people across the continents were parading on their behalfs. Many signed appeals for clemency, clergies, scientist, and writers from all over the world. Even Pope Pius XI, who a virulent, anti communist, appealed as well.But nonetheless, on June 19, 1953, the couple was executed. Thousands held rallies in the Union Square and some even picketed in front of the White House, but it all had gone into waste when the Rosenberg were executed in the Sing Sing prison in New York.
A few years ago in 2008, Sam Robert, a New York Times reporter and editor published a book named “The Brothers: The Untold Story of the Rosenberg Case”. In the book, Greenglass admit to testified his sister for typing the notes only to spare his wife from prosecution, in fact, he could not remember who done it. He’ve admit that his trial testimony for Ethel’s note was false. Said he was pressured by prosecution to commit perjury and to save his wife.
Now to think about it. the note was the only reason why Ethel was executed with her husband. While for Julius, the only direct evidence was his brother-in-law’s confession. In reality, they can not find any real evidence of the Rosenbergs being spies. Now, I will end here and it is up to you to decide whether or not the Rosenbergs are guilty. This is Yan at the LES news.