Wwi notes Becoming a World Power



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Racism in the Military

- Segregated units for blacks (ie: 369th US Infantry in French Army)

- Thousands of black soldiers endured humiliating treatment from white officers

- Barred from marines & coast guard

- August 1917 - Houston - black infantrymen kill 17 civilians due to racism

- Blacks were amazed to find that their treatment overseas was better than at home



Americans in Battle

- American support began by escorting convoys to safety and attacking U-Boats

- Gen. John Pershing appointed commander of the AEF (American Expeditionary Force)

- Wanted to be separate from British and French army

- Much like Ulysses S. Grant, he believed in total destruction of the enemy

- Spring 1918 - AEF soldiers help stop Germans at Chateau-Thierry & Belleau Wood

- Germans made it to within 50 miles of Paris

- Sept. 1918 - AEF takes 200 mile front in Meuse-Argonne offensive

- War ends November 11, 1918, after Germans begins to fall back

Over Here

- WWI saw the federal government play a huge role in regulating the economy

- Although much was temporary, the war started many trends in American life




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