Wwi notes Becoming a World Power



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The Fourteen Points

- Wilson’s blueprint for peace - Contained three main aspects:

1) Detailed post-war boundaries in Europe, addressed splitting up Austro-Hungary

2) General principles for international conduct

- Includes free seas, free trade, and open covenants

- Also addresses mediating conflicting colonial claims

3) Wilson called for the creation of a League of Nations to enforce the 14 points

- The 14 Points reflected Wilson’s long-held liberal progressive feelings

- The most controversial issue was the League of Nations

- Article X in the charter of the League called for collective security to keep peace

- This violated the American system of declaring war through Congress

Wilson in Paris

- Conference initally accepts the 14 points

- Austria, Hungary, Poland, Yugoslavia & Czechoslovakia made out of the beaten powers

- Compromise mandate gave British & French control of German / Turkish colonies

- Japan controls German China

- Wilson opposes war guilt, but it is still imposed on Germany

- $33 billion in reparations

- Final treaty signed on June 28, 1919 - Germans had no choice but to accept the terms






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