Mr. Cicerchi We are now at the beginning of the second quarter so we will take a somewhat new, hands-on, in-depth look at an aspect of history. The first major assignment of the quarter will be to take a look at World War I, focusing on weaponry, battles, and life in the trench. This will be a TWO part project. Part one will be your individual work. Part two will be a group assignment. You will choose one of the four categories you want to focus on for the individual assignment; you will be responsible for those three categories for the group assignment. You must complete your research based on the criteria listed below.
Part One: Individual work: This will be done on your own but the weapon, battle, and trench life or medicine should be connected within your group of three (for example, if you are doing a battle, your group member’s weapon should have been used in your battle). You choose ONE of the following four options, but as a group you must do Part A and Part B from the individual sections. You have the choice to do Part C or Part D. Here are the directions for the individual work:
A. Weapons: You will research a weapon, beginning with the website firstworldwar.com and write a minimum FIVE paragraph essay detailing how the weapon was developed and used, differences in the models used, and how they impacted the war. Please use specific examples from your research to explain the importance of the weapon. Your work must be original and you must cite your sources, using multiple valid sources. You must use other sources, but start at firstworldwar.com. You will also be asked to either draw a picture of the weapon, diagramming what each part of the weapon does and how each part of the weapon worked, OR create a model of the weapon with explanations of how the parts of the weapon worked. Be creative!
B. Battles: You will pick an IMPORTANTbattle during WWI, beginning your research with the website firstworldwar.com and write a minimumFIVE paragraph essay. Your work must be original and you must cite your sources, using multiple valid resources. The first paragraph is the introduction. In the second paragraph you will explain the people and countries in the battle, weaponry and fighting styles used in the battle, and where and when the battle was fought. In the third paragraph you will explain why the battle was important in the scope of the war. In the fourth paragraph you will evaluate the battle including who won and why. The fifth paragraph is your conclusion. You must use other sources, but start at firstworldwar.com. You will also be expected to “recreate” the battlefield, using maps, a model, or find some other creative way to show what you think the battlefield looked like. You should include a brief description of what is going on in your map/model/etc. Be creative!
C. Trench Life: You will write a minimum FIVEparagraph essay on life within the trench for a WWI soldier from the website firstworldwar.com. Your work must be original and you must cite your sources, using multiple valid resources. Your first paragraph should be an introduction, then within your essay you should have a paragraph explaining the layout of a basic trench, living conditions in the trench and how the differences between officers in the trench were based on one’s rank. You must have a paragraph explaining everyday life in the trench and how it affected the soldiers, including rotation, routines, and chores. Then you must have a paragraph talking about problems within the trench and how they affected the soldiers. Your work must be original and you must cite your sources. You must use other sources, but start at firstworldwar.com. You must also draw a detailed diagram or build a model of a basic trench, including “No-Man’s Land,” and describe what each part of the trench is used for. A printed picture of the trench is not allowed. Be creative!
OR D. Medicine: You will write a minimum FIVE paragraph essay on medicine used and needed during WWI, beginning your research with a BBC website. The website link is http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/zs3wpv4. Your first paragraph should be an introduction. Within the body of your essay you should have a paragraph explaining treatment to injured soldiers given during WWI, a paragraph on the conditions of hospitals and the cleanliness of treatment for injured soldiers, and a paragraph on any new medical developments for the time period used on the battlefield or in military hospitals. You must use other sources, but start at http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/zs3wpv4. You must also recreate a typical military hospital or design a more efficient military hospital, taking into account the technology and materials available from 1914-1918. Be sure to indicate whether your model or diagram is a re-creation or an original plan. A printed picture of a military hospital is not allowed. Be creative!
Part Two: Group work: This will be done with TWO other students and following these directions:
As a group you must take all three parts of your individual work and, after discussion with your group members, explain how you THINK European warfare will change from World War I to World War II. You may research how things really changed from WWI to WWII or make logical inferences based on what you know about what happened during WWI to explain how you think things would have changed during WWII, but be clear to state which path you’re taking. How will weapons improve, evolve, or become outdated? Will battles be long affairs in cities tightly packed together or spread out over many countries? Will fighting styles like trench warfare remain the same or change to something new? How will medical treatment save more lives and allow wounded soldiers to recover more quickly than in WWI? Answer other questions you create. You must link all of your individual topics in a way where there can be some discussion and comparison. The graded element for the group work will be an oral presentation. Each student must speak for at least 50 seconds; the total presentation must be at least three minutes long. The three objectives your group chose (weaponry, battles, and trench life or medicine) must be covered in the presentation but this is a separate assignment from your essays. You should not read your essays for your presentation because they won’t answer the questions asked above.
Guidelines and Notes:
This project will be worth 100 total points. The individual part is worth 50 points (25 points for the essay; 25 points for the visual and description). The group part is worth 50 points.
The individual portion of the project will be submitted on Thursday, April 16, the date of the first oral presentations.
Oral presentations will begin on Thursday, April 16 and extend through Monday, April 20 if necessary.
Since this is a long-term assignment, NO LATE WORK WILL BE ACCEPTED FOR THE PRESENTATION FOR ANY REASON! IF YOU ARE NOT HERE THE DAY OF YOUR PRESENTATION, YOU GET A 0 FOR GROUP WORK UNLESS YOU HAVE A DOCTOR’S NOTE BECAUSE YOU ARE LETTING YOUR GROUP MEMBERS DOWN!
Questions: E-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org OR make an appointment to consult during periods 1, 4, or 8.