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The plantation revolution came to the Chesapeake with the thunder of cannons and the rattle of sabers. Victory over the small holders, servants, and slaves who composed Nathaniel Bacon’s motley army in 1676 enabled planters to consolidate their control over Chesapeake society. In quick order, they elaborated a slave code that singled out people of African descent as slaves and made their status hereditary. In the years that followed, as the number of European servants declined and white farmers migrated west, the great planters turned to Africa for their workforce. During the last decades of the seventeenth century, the new order began to take shape. The Chesapeake’s economy stumbled into the eighteenth century, but the grandees prospered, as the profits of slave labor filled their pockets. A society with slaves gave way to a slave society around the great estuary.
Ira Berlin, Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America, 1998
If other colonies sought to escape from English vices, Virginians wished to fulfill English virtues. Let other colonies dazzle the world with a City upon a hill, inspired by a commonwealth of brotherly love, or encourage with a vast humanitarian experiment. The model in Virginians’ heads was compounded of the actual features of a going community; the England, especially the rural England, of the 17th and 18th century. If Virginia was to be in any way better than England, it was not because of Virginia's pursued ideals with the Englishman did not have; rather that here were novel opportunities to realize the English Ideals.