World war two interactive timeline project



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Group One: Pre-War-1939
1933
January 30 - Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany.
February 27 - The German Reichstag burns. Riechstag Decree issued.
March 12 - First concentration camp opened at Oranienburg outside Berlin.
March 23 - Enabling Act gives Hitler dictatorial power.
July 14 - Nazi Party declared Germany's only political party.
October 14 - Germany quits the League of Nations.
1934
June 30 - The Nazi "Night of the Long Knives."
August 19 - Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany.
1935
March 16 - Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles by introducing military conscription.
September 15 - German Jews stripped of rights by Nuremberg Race Laws.
1936
March 7 - German troops occupy the Rhineland.
May 9 - Mussolini's Italian forces take Ethiopia.
July 18 - Civil war erupts in Spain.
1937
November 5 - Hitler reveals war plans during Hossbach Conference.
1938
March 12/13 - Germany announces 'Anschluss' (union) with Austria.
September 30 - British Prime Minister Chamberlain appeases Hitler at Munich.
October 15 - German troops occupy the Sudetenland; Czech government resigns.
November 9/10 - Kristallnacht - The Night of Broken Glass.
1939
March 15/16 - Nazis take Czechoslovakia.
March 28, 1939 - Spanish Civil war ends.
May 22, 1939 - Nazis sign 'Pact of Steel' with Italy.
August 23, 1939 - Nazis and Soviets sign Pact.
August 25, 1939 - Britain and Poland sign a Mutual Assistance Treaty.
September 1, 1939 - Nazis invade Poland.
September 3, 1939 - Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declare war on Germany.
September 17, 1939 - Soviets invade Poland.
September 27, 1939 - Warsaw surrenders to Nazis; Reinhard Heydrich becomes the leader of new Reich Main Security Office (RSHA).
September 29, 1939 - Nazis and Soviets divide up Poland.
In October - Nazis begin euthanasia on sick and disabled in Germany. (T-4 Program)
November 30, 1939 - Soviets attack Finland.
December 14, 1939 - Soviet Union expelled from the League of Nations.
1940
April 9, 1940 - Nazis invade Denmark and Norway.
May 10, 1940 - Nazis invade France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands; Winston Churchill becomes British Prime Minister.
May 15, 1940 - Holland surrenders to the Nazis.
May 26, 1940 - Evacuation of Allied troops from Dunkirk begins.
June 3, 1940 - Germans bomb Paris; Dunkirk evacuation ends.
June 10, 1940 - Norway surrenders to the Nazis; Italy declares war on Britain and France.
June 14, 1940 - Germans enter Paris.
June 16, 1940 - Marshal Pétain becomes French Prime Minister.
June 22, 1940 - France signs an armistice with Nazi Germany. (cover Vichy France)
June 28, 1940 - Britain recognizes General Charles de Gaulle as the Free French leader.
July 1, 1940 - German U-boats attack merchant ships in the Atlantic.
July 10, 1940 - Battle of Britain begins.
July 23, 1940 - Soviets take Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.
August 17, 1940 - Hitler declares a blockade of the British Isles.
August 25/26 - First British air raid on Berlin.
September 3, 1940 - Hitler plans Operation Sea Lion (the invasion of Britain).
September 7, 1940 - German Blitz against Britain begins.
September 27, 1940 - Tripartite (Axis) Pact signed by Germany, Italy and Japan.
October 7, 1940 - German troops enter Romania.
October 12, 1940 - Germans postpone Operation Sea Lion until Spring of 1941.
November 20, 1940 - Hungary joins the Axis Powers.
November 23, 1940 - Romania joins the Axis Powers.
December 9/10 - British begin a western desert offensive in North Africa against the Italians.
1941
February 11, 1941 - British forces advance into Italian Somaliland in East Africa.
February 12, 1941 - German General Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli, North Africa.
February 14, 1941 - First units of German 'Afrika Korps' arrive in North Africa.
March 11, 1941 - President Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act.
April 6, 1941 - Nazis invade Greece and Yugoslavia.
May 10, 1941 - Deputy Führer Rudolph Hess flies to Scotland.
May 15, 1941 - Operation Brevity begins (the British counter-attack in Egypt).
May 24, 1941 - Sinking of the British ship Hood by the Bismarck.
May 27, 1941 - Sinking of the Bismarck by the British Navy.
June 22, 1941 - Germany attacks Soviet Union as Operation Barbarossa begins.
July 10, 1941 - Germans invade the Ukraine.
July 12, 1941 - Mutual Assistance agreement between British and Soviets.
July 31, 1941 - Göring instructs Heydrich to prepare for the Final Solution.
August 1, 1941 - United States announces an oil embargo against aggressor states.
August 14, 1941 - Roosevelt and Churchill announce the Atlantic Charter.
September 3, 1941 - First experimental use of gas chambers at Auschwitz.
October 2, 1941 - Operation Typhoon begins (German advance on Moscow).
December 5, 1941 - German attack on Moscow is abandoned.
December 6, 1941 - Soviet Army launches a major counter-offensive around Moscow.
December 7, 1941 - Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor; Hitler issues the Night and Fog decree.
December 8, 1941 - United States and Britain declare war on Japan.
December 11, 1941 - Hitler declares war on the United States.
December 19, 1941 - Hitler takes complete control of the German Army.

1942
January 13, 1942 - Germans begin a U-boat offensive along east coast of USA.
January 20, 1942 - SS Leader Heydrich holds the Wannsee Conference to coordinate the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question."
January 26, 1942 - First American forces arrive in Great Britain.
In April - Japanese-Americans sent to relocation centers.
May 27, 1942 - SS Leader Heydrich attacked in Prague.
May 30, 1942 - First thousand-bomber British air raid (against Cologne).
In June - Mass murder of Jews by gassing begins at Auschwitz.
June 10, 1942 - Nazis liquidate Lidice in reprisal for Heydrich's assassination.
June 21, 1942 - Rommel captures Tobruk.
July 1-30 - First Battle of El Alamein.
July 3, 1942 - Germans take Sevastopol.
July 9, 1942 - Germans begin a drive toward Stalingrad in the USSR.
July 22, 1942 - First deportations from the Warsaw Ghetto to concentration camps; Treblinka extermination camp opened.
August 7, 1942 - British General Bernard Montgomery takes command of Eighth Army in North Africa.
September 2, 1942 - Rommel driven back by Montgomery in the Battle of Alam Halfa.
September 13, 1942 - Battle of Stalingrad begins.
November 1, 1942 - Operation Supercharge (Allies break Axis lines at El Alamein).
November 8, 1942 - Operation Torch begins (U.S. invasion of North Africa).
November 11, 1942 - Germans and Italians invade unoccupied Vichy France.
November 19, 1942 - Soviet counter-offensive at Stalingrad begins.
December 17, 1942 - British Foreign Secretary Eden tells the British House of Commons of mass executions of Jews by Nazis; U.S. declares those crimes will be avenged.
December 31, 1942 - Battle of the Barents Sea between German and British ships.

1943
January 10, 1943 - Soviets begin an offensive against the Germans in Stalingrad.
January 14-24 - Casablanca conference between Churchill and Roosevelt. During the conference, Roosevelt announces the war can end only with "unconditional German surrender."
January 23, 1943 - Montgomery's Eighth Army takes Tripoli.
February 2, 1943 - Germans surrender at Stalingrad in the first big defeat of Hitler's armies.
February 8, 1943 – Battle of Kursk between Soviets and Germans.
February 14-25 - Battle of Kasserine Pass between the U.S. 1st Armored Division and German Panzers in North Africa.
February 18, 1943 - Nazis arrest White Rose resistance leaders in Munich.
April 19, 1943 - Waffen-SS attacks Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto.
May 13, 1943 - German and Italian troops surrender in North Africa.
May 22, 1943 - Dönitz suspends U-boat operations in the North Atlantic.
June 10, 1943 - 'Pointblank' directive to improve Allied bombing strategy issued.
June 11, 1943 - Himmler orders the liquidation of all Jewish ghettos in Poland.
July 9/10 – Allies invade Sicily.
July 25/26 - Mussolini arrested and the Italian Fascist government falls; Marshal Pietro Badoglio takes over and negotiates with Allies.
September 8, 1943 - Italian surrender to Allies is announced.
September 9, 1943 - Allied landings at Salerno and Taranto.
September 11, 1943 - Germans occupy Rome.
September 12, 1943 - Germans rescue Mussolini.
September 23, 1943 - Mussolini re-establishes a Fascist government.
October 1, 1943 - Allies enter Naples, Italy.
October 13, 1943 - Italy declares war on Germany
November 28, 1943 - Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin meet at Tehran Conference.

1944-45
January 6, 1944 - Soviet troops advance into Poland.
January 22, 1944 - Allies land at Anzio in Italy.
February 15-18 - Allies bomb the monastery at Monte Cassino.
May 12, 1944 - Germans surrender in the Crimea.
May 15, 1944 - Germans withdraw to the Adolf Hitler Line.
June 5, 1944 - Allies enter Rome.
June 6, 1944 - D-Day landings on the northern coast of France.
June 13, 1944 - First German V-1 rocket attack on Britain.
July 3, 1944 - 'Battle of the Hedgerows' in Normandy
July 20, 1944 - Assassination attempt by German Army officers against Hitler fails.
July 24, 1944 - Soviet troops liberate first concentration camp at Majdanek.
August 25, 1944 - Liberation of Paris.
August 31, 1944 - Soviet troops take Bucharest.
September 17, 1944 - Operation Market Garden begins (Allied airborne assault on Holland).
October 14, 1944 - Allies liberate Athens; Gen. Rommel commits suicide.
December 16-27 - Battle of the Bulge in the Ardennes.
December 20-27 – Siege of Bastogne
December 17, 1944 - Waffen-SS murder 81 U.S. POWs at Malmedy.
1945
January 17, 1945 - Soviet troops capture Warsaw, Poland.
January 26, 1945 - Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz.
February 4-11 - Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin meet at Yalta Conference.
February 13/14 - Dresden is destroyed by a firestorm after Allied bombing raids.
In April - Allies discover stolen Nazi art and wealth hidden in German salt mines.
April 12, 1945 - Allies liberate Buchenwald and Belsen concentration camps; President Roosevelt dies. Harry Truman becomes President.
April 28, 1945 - Mussolini is captured and hanged by Italian partisans
April 29, 1945 - U.S. 7th Army liberates Dachau.
April 30, 1945 - Adolf Hitler commits suicide.
May 2, 1945 - German troops in Italy surrender.
May 7, 1945 - Unconditional surrender of all German forces to Allies.
May 8, 1945 - V-E (Victory in Europe) Day.
May 9, 1945 - Hermann Göring is captured by members of the U.S. 7th Army.
May 23, 1945 - SS-Reichsführer Himmler commits suicide; German High Command and Provisional Government imprisoned.
June 5, 1945 - Allies divide up Germany and Berlin and take over the government.
June 26, 1945 - United Nations Charter is signed in San Francisco.
July 16, 1945 - First U.S. atomic bomb test; Potsdam Conference begins.
July 26, 1945 - Atlee succeeds Churchill as British Prime Minister.
August 6, 1945 - First atomic bomb dropped, on Hiroshima, Japan.
August 8, 1945 - Soviets declares war on Japan and invade Manchuria.
August 9, 1945 - Second atomic bomb dropped, on Nagasaki, Japan.
August 14, 1945 - Japanese agree to unconditional surrender.
September 2, 1945 - Japanese sign the surrender agreement; V-J (Victory over Japan) Day.
October 24, 1945 - United Nations is born.
November 20, 1945 - Nuremberg war crimes trials begin.


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