World War II test Study Guide

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World War II Test Study Guide

Many events led to the outbreak of World War II. In an effort to expand their territory, the Japanese plundered, tortured, raped, and murdered the population of 1)____________in China between 1937 and 1945. Japan’s invasion of Manchuria was the first direct challenge to the 2)________ ____ ____________. The Prime Minister and War Minister of Japan during World War II was 3)__________ ___________. ________________was not only Emperor of Japan but considered a living god. He served as a figurehead and remained emperor of Japan until long after the war. A major reason for the invasion of Manchuria in 1931 was that 4)____________ wanted room for expansion. 5)_________ ___________ was Premier of Russia at the time of World War II and was ____________, not fascist. The 6)__________ ____________ began World War II with a secret agreement with Germany but ended up on the Allied side.

In pursuing racial purity, the Nazis proclaimed the Nuremberg Laws in 1935. One provision of those laws was that Germans were forbidden to marry 7)___________. In order to identify Jews from the Germans population, Nazi officials enforced laws requiring the Jews to wear a 8)__________ ____ __________. To carry out the final solution, Germans moved many Jews from Germany to Poland where the 9)_________ were housed in ghettos in Warsaw. Auschwitz, Birkenau, Belzec, and Sobidor all were German death 10)__________ involved with the “Final Solution” during World War II. The Munich Agreement of 1938 was a prime example of 11)____________. France, Britain, and Italy agreed to cede the 12)___________ to Germany. The Sudetenland was parts of 13)______________ inhabited by German-speaking people.

British Prime Minister 14)_______________ declared “Peace for out time” after returning from a treaty negotiation with Hitler in September of 1938, just prior to Hitler’s invasion of Czechoslovakia in March of 1939. This turn out to be naïve and a new Prime Minister was elected. Prime Minister 15)_________ _____________ led the British forces against the Nazi threat during World War II. During World War II, the 16)_____________ Charter upheld free trade and the right of people to choose their own government.

The main reason the United States failed to halt Fascist aggression prior to World War II was due to their policy of 17)________________. The rise of fascism was one of the causes of World War II. The term fascism is usually applied to any tyrannical or dictatorial government. The term fascist originated from being the name of the political party started by 18)_______________ ______________ of Italy. The United States entered the war after the attack of 19)_____________ ________________, which was not only a devastating loss for the United States but also the reason that the United States became involved in World War II. Allied Pacific commander 20)_________________ _________________ was forced to leave the Philippines during World War II and was charged with the stewardship of Japan during the post-war U.S. occupation. The only President to serve four terms in the history of the United Sates, and died in office during World War II was 21)_________ _____________. The United States forced hundreds of thousands of 22)________________ North Americans into internment camps during World War II because the native 23)________________ were thought to be espionage risks.

German field marshal 24)______________ ____________ earned the nickname “Desert Fox” for his numerous victories in North Africa during World War II. The German military strategy of 25)_________ is best described as utilizing fast moving airplanes followed by massive infantry to take the enemy by surprise. The Battle of Britain was different from all previous battles because it was the first major 26)___________ fought entirely in the air. Still, the use of radar during World War II was the MOST helpful to Great Britain for resisting 27)________________ air attack. The Battle of Stalingrad was one of the bloodiest battles of World War II. It was a major turning point in the war. It showed for the first time that Germany was not invincible. The allied invasion of France on D-Day was important because it forced 28)_____________ to fight on two fronts. The D-Day invasion led to be liberation of 29)_________________ and 30)________________. The United States military commander in chard of the D-Day invasion was 31)________________. The Battle of Bulge was significant in World War II because it was the last great German offensive on the western point.

The island battle 32)_____________ was considered a major turning point in the war against the Japanese in the Pacific due to the destruction of four irreplaceable Japanese aircraft carriers. At great cost to Japan’s military and civilian population, the (country) 33)___________________ _________________ used atomic weapons against Japan during World War II. After Roosevelt died, the United States President 34)______________ ________________ was responsible for ordering the use of atomic bombs on Japan. By tradition, the Japanese people never heard the voice of an Emperor, but at the end of World War II, they did hear the voice of Emperor Hirohito over the radio who said that they must accept the unacceptable and 35)______________________.

World War II has devastating effects as over 56 million people died. The country that suffered the greatest number of military deaths in World War II was the 36)_________________ ______________. A portion of the human cost of World War II was Holocaust victims from almost every country in Europe. Approximately 37)_________________ Jews died as a result of the Holocaust.

The End of World War II

The War’s Aftermath

  1. What quotation did Hitler state in 1933? Explain how this statement was true. “In 1933 Hitler stated “….” This statement was true because….”

Horrors of the Holocaust

  1. At what point did people learn the full extent of the Holocaust? “People learned the full extent of the Holocaust…”

War Crimes Trials

  1. What happened to war criminals after WWII? “After World War II war criminals…”

Occupying Allies

  1. Why had ordinary people in Germany, Poland, and France accepted Hitler’s “Final Solution”?

Establishing the United Nations

  1. What was the purpose of the U.N.?

The Alliance Breaks Apart

  1. What two powers emerged as the new world leaders?

Differences Grown Between the Allies

  1. What was the Cold War?

The Cold War Begins

  1. What were Stalin’s two goals after WWII?

New Conflicts Develop

  1. In what year could Britain no longer defend Greece?

The Truman Doctrine

  1. What did the Truman Doctrine do for the U.S.?

The Marshall Plan

  1. What did the U.S. do under the Marshall Plan? “Under the Marshall Plan the U.S….”

Germany Stays Divided

  1. What did the western allies decide to do?

The Berlin Airlift

  1. In June 1948, what did Stalin try to do?

Opposing Alliance

  1. What does NATO stand for?

  2. What was the Warsaw pact?

The Propaganda War

  1. How did the U.S. portray itself in the propaganda war?

  2. How did the Soviet Union portray itself?

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