World War I 1920’s through the Great Depression World War II review World War I

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Zimmerman Telegram - In February of 1917 Arthur Zimmermann, Germany's Foreign Minister, sent a telegram to Mexico that proposed Mexico join Germany in their fight. In return, Germany would help Mexico "'reconquer" New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona from the United States.

  • On April 12. 1917. President Woodrow Wilson asked Congress to declare war on the Central Powers - Germany. Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire.

  • Even though many American supported the war effort, many were also opposed to the war.

    1. Jeannette Rankin, the first woman elected to Congress in 1915, was strictly opposed to the war.

    2. Eugene Debs, a labor leader of the progressive era, was also opposed to the war.

    3. Before the war ended, President Wilson created "fourteen points," or proposals designed to prevent future wars like WWI.

    4. Point fourteen called for an international organization to help keep international peace. This organization would be known as the League of Nations.

    5. At the end of the war, Wilson, and the Allied leaders, met in Paris to sign the Treaty of Versailles.

    6. The treaty called for the Central Powers to pay reparations - money to pay for war damages.

    7. The treaty also formally recognized the creation of the League of Nations.

    8. Many Americans were opposed to the League of Nations. Many Americans felt that the League of Nations would only ensure that they would get caught up in future European disputes, and that these disputes had the potential to ruin the United States. In the end, the U.S. did not join the League of Nations and it was very ineffective.

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