What was the chief goal of the Crusades?
To recover Jerusalem or the Holy Land from the Muslim Turks
What problem was identified by Church reformers during the Middle Ages?
1. Village priests married and had families contrary to Church law
2. Bishops sold positions in the Church for money. (simony)
3. Kings, rather than Church leaders, appointed bishops.
What was the effect of the three-field system?
Farmers produced more food and villagers had more to eat. What did the Magna Carta guarantee?
Basic legal rights What was the major cause of the Great Schism?
Arguments about which man holding the position of pope was the true pope What was the name of the legislative body of medieval England?
Parliament Which group was most responsible for the spread of the bubonic plague to Europe?
Merchants or traders
What was the central issue of the Hundred Years War?
Commercial Revolution- Progress in trade, business and banking.
Crusades- Series of holy wars
Bubonic Plague- Deadly disease
Great Schism- Great split in the Catholic church
Reconquista-Organized effort to drive the Muslims out of Spain.
Why did the Gothic style of church develop during this time period? ( how did it show what was important in society) Describe two differences between a Romanesque style church and a Gothic style church.
The Gothic style was a new style in architecture that developed during the Middle Ages.
This time period was known as the Age of Faith
Churches gained a lot of power and wealth and becomes the center of peoples’ lives
People decide to build “God’s House” in honor of Him
The Old Romanesque church was small/short with thick walls and very closed.
It had basic rounded arches and small windows
The new style of Gothic was tall and larger with thin walls and very open
They also had pointed arches and large stained glass windows
With the Church becoming more important we see a change from the Romanesque style to the Gothic Style. Here are some other features of the two styles of churches.
The traditional Romanesque church was all of these things: