World History Measurement Topic 3: The Causes and Effects of ww1



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WH MT3 LT4 Handout #6 Name: ____________________ Block: _____ Date: _____

World History

Measurement Topic 3: The Causes and Effects of WW1

Learning Target # 4: What were the effects of WW1 and the effects of the Treaties on; nation’s borders, movement of people, and the economy



Directions:

1st- Number the paragraphs

2nd - Independently read the passage, and circle words you don’t know. Predict the meaning of the words.

3rd- Read the passage a second time with a partner, highlight information and write side notes.

4th- Answer the questions on the back in complete sentences.

World War I shook the economic and political foundations of Europe. The war left nearly every major nation bankrupt and, after four years of total war, entire generations of young men were erased. Nations were left with the task of rebuilding nations torn apart. To make matters worse, the world fell into a deep economic depression. This depression caused large amounts of people to be unemployed, homeless, and starving. All nations were affected.

After World War 1, Germany’s empire was eliminated and a new government was created called the Weimer Republic. This new government was set up to give the people control over their government. There was a chancellor (president), a congress (parliament) and the people voting to make decisions. This government probably would have been successful had the economic depression not happened and the treaty of Versailles not been so harsh towards Germany. Germany was left with no colonies to gain natural resources and cheap labor, very few working factories and mines due to the war and with huge war time restitutions (payments) Germany was broke, and penniless. These issues would lead the German citizens to resent the Weimer Republic and look to other leaders to help provide a solution to all their issues

The many treaties following World War 1 also created new nations formed from the land taken from the central powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire). When Russia had left the war, it had signed over land to Germany. Under the Treaty of Versailles any land gained during the war was lost to Germany. This allowed Poland, Estonia, Finland, and Latvia to be created. Austria-Hungary was split up to create two separate nations and land was also taken from them to create Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and a bigger Romania. The Ottoman Empire was also demolished and the land taken from it was turned into Turkey, Syria, Palestine, Jordan, Iraq and Kuwait. Furthermore all colonies of the central powers were also taken from them and those nations started on the path to independence.

The League of Nations, the peace keeping organization created following WW1, was the group that determined what nations were to be created, what the border for those nations would look like as well as what to do with the colonies taken. The League of Nations leaders, England and France, determined that they would create a system to “watch over” the new nations and colonies. This system was called the Mandate system. England and France would be “in-charge” of these new nations to help them get on their feet before allowing them to be fully independent.

World War1 truly was a world war. Every nation felt the effects of the war. Most nations lost countless men, and were left impoverished. Germany had a new government however their situation did not allow the new government to succeed. New nations were created and colonies were stripped of their previous owner. No part of the world was unaffected by the war.




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