World History Lesson Plan for Prentice-Hall Essential Question



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World History Lesson Plan for Prentice-Hall
Essential Question: How can an individual change the world?
Major Instructional Goals:

Students will be able to:

1. Interpret and draw inferences from a timeline of Napoleon’s life and

Career.


2. Explain why the French loved Napoleon so much and identify

achievements that he made which improved their standard of living

3. Analyze Napoleon’s strengths and weaknesses in leadership. Draw

conclusions from Napoleon’s personality traits that led to his

downfall and what traits led to his success.

4. Compare and contrast the American and French Revolutions.

5. Evaluate the lasting effects of Napoleon’s life on the development of the

world.


Resources Needed:

1. Textbook World History by Prentice Hall.

2. DVD A&E Napoleon.

3. Timeline of Napoleon’s life.

4. To Tell the Truth game show script.

5. True/False Quiz.

6. Venn diagram for the comparison and contrast of revolutions and ELMO

or overhead projector.

7. Content Brainstorming handout for reading strategy.

Lesson Plans:

1. Anticipatory Set: Play the Beatles’ song Revolution and brainstorm in

teams what students think of when they hear the word “revolution”.

Discuss some of the major revolutions in history and various types of

revolutions.

2. Students will complete the Content Brainstorming handout using Chapter

18, Section 4, page 592, in the textbook, World History. Model the first

part of it and have students complete is as homework.

3. Watch the DVD A&E Napoleon and answer the questions as the movie is

viewed. Play the song Waterloo by ABBA at the end of the DVD and

discuss what the quote at the end of the questions has to do with

Napoleon.

4. Play the game To Tell the Truth. Follow the directions. Consider

allowing a student to play the part of the MC, so more students

participate. All students should have a script to view during the game.

After the vote of the real Napoleon, give the True/False Quiz. Students

should be able to refer to their script for their quiz for help.

5. Fill out the Venn diagram with the class and check visually around the

room for a grade.

6. On the exam over the French Revolution, Chapter 18, include the

Timeline of Napoleon’s life.

7. Closure for the game day is the true/false quiz. Closure for the unit is a

review sheet of Chapter 18 and a unit test.

Content Brainstorming

Chapter Title _________________________________________

Key Words Headings Subheadings

________________ _________________ __________________
________________ _________________ __________________
________________ _________________ __________________
________________ _________________ __________________
________________ _________________ __________________
________________ _________________ __________________
Picture Walk: what predictions an you make about content based on visuals?










Caption: Caption: Caption:

_______________________ _______________________ ________________________

Connections and Questions

What predictions and connections could What questions could you ask that you make about what you will learn in the would focus and guide your reading?

chapter based on above text supports?

___________________________________ ________________________________
___________________________________ ________________________________
___________________________________ ________________________________

A&E Napoleon Questions

1. On what island was Napoleon born? ______________________________


2. Identify one of the two subjects that Napoleon intensely studied in

military school? _____________________________________________


3. After Napoleon protected the National Convention from Royalists in

1795, where did he take command of the French army? _______________


4. Who did he marry in 1796? ____________________________________
5. Where in Africa was the first place that Napoleon attempted to confront

England? __________________________________________________


6. Who were the three countries that formed the New Coalition to defeat

France?_________________, __________________, ________________


7. In his bloodless coup d’état of 1799, what was the new title for

Napoleon’s political office? __________________________________


8. Identify two areas of reform for Napoleon’s new government.

___________________________, ______________________________


9. What was the name of Napoleon’s palace? ________________________
10. What was the downfall of napoleon? ____________________________
11. What was Napoleon’s new title? ________________________________
12. What did he do to defy the Pope during this ceremony? _____________
13. By 1809, what was Napoleon obsession? ________________________
14. Who was Napoleon’s his new wife? ____________________________
15. The Continental system was designed to weaken trade with which

country? ______________________


16. When he invaded Russia, what mistake did Napoleon commit?

_______________________________________

17. What was the island that Napoleon exiled the first time? _____________
18. The new leader of France was not well-liked. Who was he?

King _______________________


19. What was the amazing feat of Napoleon when he took over the

government? _______________________________________________


20. What were the two countries that confronted him in Belguim?

____________________________, _____________________________


21. What was the name of the battlefield where Napoleon met his last

defeat? ___________________________________________________


22. For the last time, what was the island that Napoleon was exiled to and

died? _____________________________________________________

The problem with glory is it’s like riding a tiger…you can’t get off.”


Revolutions




French Revolution

American Revolution

Similarities:

1. Overthrew monarchies

2. New constitutions

3. Declarations

4. Based on Enlightenment ideas

5. Occurred during 18th Century

6. Strong leaders

7. French help Americans. Americans help French

8. Natural rights

9. Wanted independence

10. One country

Differences:

1. North America v. Europe

2. Shortest (1776-83)—7 yrs. v. Longest (1789-99)—10yrs.

3. No king v. Return to monarchy

4. No major mob violence v. continuous mob violence—Reign of Terror

5. Colony v. Country

6. No women major role v. Women active roles

7. Military help from other countries v. no foreign military help

8. One President v. Directory of 5


Timeline of Napoleon’s Life


1795 1799 1804 1805 1806 1808 1812 1813 1815

Defends the Seizes Makes Loses the Blockades Sends army Invades Suffers Suffers final

National control himself Battle of British to Portugal, Russia defeats at defeat at

Convention of the emperor of Trafalgar shipping triggering the and loses Leipzig Waterloo

From royalists, government France to the Peninsular 400,000

continent War men



1803

Sells the 1804-1805

Louisiana Conquers 1807-1812 1815

Territory to the country after Maintains the Returns to

United States country French Empire France and

at its greatest 1814 raises

extent Gives up his another

throne and army

is exiled

1. For approximately how many years was Napoleon emperor? __________


2. Which two events directly led to Napoleon’s fall from power?

___________________________________________________________


3. In 1815 Napoleon escaped from exile, returned to France, and raised

another army. For a “Hundred Days” he reigned as emperor. Name one

conclusion you can draw about Napoleon’s character. _______________

___________________________________________________________


4. What was the relationship between the blockade against Britain and the

attack on Portugal? ___________________________________________


5. Looking at the events that happened between 1803-1805, why do you

think Napoleon might have sold the Louisiana territory to the United

States? _____________________________________________________

Teacher Instructions for To Tell the Truth: Napoleon
Objective: To appreciate the accomplishments of Napoleon and the role he played in European history.

Time: One class period.

Directions:

1. Give each student a copy of pages 79A-79G.

2. Choose three students to be Napoleon. Tell the three which one is the real

Napoleon (I don’t), but do not let the other students know. It is

NUMBER 3.

3. Choose 14 members of the class to be panelists. They will each ask an

assigned question. At the end of the game, these panelists and the other

students will vote for the person they think is the real Napoleon. At this

point, the real one will be asked to step forward.

4. When the voting is taking place, ask a few students to explain why they

are voting for a certain contestant.

5. Assign the true/false questions.


Student Directions:

1. Three students will be chosen to pretend they are Napoleon Bonaparte.

They will stand next to each other in the front of room facing the class.

During the game, the three will be asked questions by other students in

class. The questions will be about napoleon’s life.

2. Fourteen other students will be chosen to ask one question each during the

game. They will be assigned a number from 1 to 14. This is the number

of the question they will ask when the game begins.

3. After every question the tree Napoleons will each give an answer.

“Number 1” will always answer first, “number 2” second, and “Number

3” third. Only one of the three is really napoleon. The real one will

always tell the truth when answering questions. The other two will only

tell the truth once in awhile. After all 14 questions have been asked, class

members will vote for the person they think is the real Napoleon.

4. This game will be played like a television game show. The teacher will

be the “MC,” or master of Ceremonies. A student can play this role, if

desired. The people who ask questions are the “panelists.”

79 A AAA

MC: Now let us meet Napoleon. Number 1, what is your name please?

Number 1: My name is Napoleon.

MC: Number 2?

Number 2: My name is Napoleon.

MC: Number 3?

Number 3: My name is Napoleon.


MC: And here is Napoleon’s story. He says, “I, Napoleon Bonaparte, was

the greatest ruler of my time. I rose to power in the 1790’s during the

French Revolution, eventually becoming the dictator of France. My

goal was to create a worldwide empire stretching from America in the

west to India and Australia in the east. My troops defeated foreign

armies techniques for waging war, directed complicated military

maneuvers, and gained a reputation as one of the outstanding generals

in history. At the height of power, 42 million people were subject ot

my rule,” Signed, “Napoleon Bonaparte.” We will start the

questioning with Panelist 1.


Panelist 1: People are more familiar with your military and political

accomplishments than they are with the earlier years of your life.

Can you tell us something about your parents and family?
Number 1: My parents owned a small shop in Paris where they made and

sold clothing. I was the oldest of three children. When I was

growing up, mother and father used to complain about how we

and other middle class families were treated by the French

government. Too many special privileges were given by King

Louis XVI to the clergy and nobility. This is why I later

became involved in the French Revolution.
Number 2: My mother died when I was very young, so I hardly remember

her. My father was a gunsmith, and as I grew older he made me

his apprentice. My skill in making and using guns led me to join

the French army. I was an only child.

79B

Number 3: I was the fourth of thirteen children. My father was a lawyer.

My mother was beautiful and intelligent. We were members of

the nobility.
Panelist 2: Would you say that you grew up much the same as other French

youngsters of the 1700’s?


Number 1: Yes, because most French citizens belonged to the middle class

as we did. I helped my parents at the clothing shop and spent

the rest of my time being like other kids.
Number 2: My boyhood was uneventful, with one exception. On the day

that Louis XVI was crowned king, his coach passed near where I

lived on its way from Paris to the Palace at Versailles. Because

French kings were absolute monarchs who wasted taxpayers’

money left me bleeding along the roadside. I vowed that I

would help the revolutionaries overthrow Louis. But I never

dreamed that I would someday rule France I the place of the

king.
Number 3: At age 10, my father sent me to military school. I wasn’t an

outstanding student, but did excel in mathematics and history.

These were lonely times, and I kept mostly to myself. Other

boys bullied me and caused me to further withdraw. Quite a bit of

my time alone was spent dreaming of future conquests and the

glory that might be mine.
Panelist 3: Briefly, what were a few of your personal qualities as a young

man?
Number 1: I was honest, hardworking, and believed that all Frenchmen

should be treated as equals.
Number 2: I was hot-tempered and always wanted to do things my way. I

feared no one, but did respect my father. Teachers at school

would probably describe me a wise guy.


79C

Number 3: I studied battle field tactics and rose through the ranks as a

private, corporal, sergeant, second lieutenant, captain, major,

brigadier general, and finally general .

Panelist 5: During the revolution, you led French armies against countries

who kings wanted to keep a monarch on the French throne.

Your many victories soon proved to all that you were a gifted

commander. What was your secret for winning battles?


Number 1: I always planned a battle with careful attention to detail. Good

planning even made it possible to defeat an enemy who army

outnumbered my own.
Number 2: The secret of victory was to have a well-trained and well-

supplied army that had confidence in me as its leader.


Number3: I won battle by finding a weak point in the enemy line and

attacking with the full strength of my army. The line would

collapse at that point and my troops would conquer one half of

the enemy soldiers, then the other half.


Panelist 6: What event or events helped you become a national hero
Number 1: I became a popular figure by commanding the army that backed

politicians who forced Louis XVI from the throne. The

politicians had Louis beheaded. I was later named dictator of the

new French Republic that replaced the king.


Number 2:Several governments rose and fell during the French Revolution.

Confusion and fear swept the country as rival groups competed

for power. The French people looked for someone who could

end the turmoil and restore peace to their troubled land. Since I

was the most successful French general at that tie, citizens

demanded I take control f the government.


Number 3: My fame came from defeating Austrian armies in northern Italy.

Later, while fighting in Egypt against the Turks and British, I

suddenly returned to Paris and seize power. I set up a new

government headed by myself as first consul.


79D

Panelist 7: How did the French people react to you becoming dictator?
Number 1: They were happy that the reign of Louis XVI was over. But

some feared I might abuse one-man rule much as Louis had.

Others were jealous of my vast political power. During an

assassination attempt, two fingers were shot off. I became self-

conscious of the wound and afterwards kept the injured hand

hidden inside of my coat.


Number 2:The name “Napoleon” was known across France and throughout

the rest of Europe. I became emperor of the French amidst wild

enthusiasm and celebration.
Number 3:The people voted my first consul for life. A year later, the

French Senate gave me the title “emperor.” I was even given the

right to choose my successor.
Panelist 8: What would you say is a fair description of your physical

appearance?


Number1: Above average height, plain facial features, a rugged build, and

an overall neat appearance.



Number 2: Average height, handsome face with determined eyes, but a little

overweight.


Number 3: I am rather short, have thick eyebrows and a small mouth, and

look quite unimpressive.


Panelist 9: A period of peace followed your takeover of the French

government. However, the desire to conquer other lands and

dominate Europe soon plunged France into years of warfare. At

one point you even sold the Louisiana Territory to the United

States to finance new military campaigns. After capturing

foreign lands, what steps did you take to keep these areas under

French control?
Number 1: A new government would be set up which included both local

representatives and French military personnel.



79E

Number 2: I always kept a French general and several thousand soldiers

stationed in the captured territory. Their job was to oversee the

government and put down any revolts which might occur.
Number 3: I put my brothers, sisters, and friends on the thrones of Europe.
Panelist 10: How would you describe the relationship between you and your

soldiers?


Number 1: They had confidence in my ability and were willing to follow

me anywhere.


Number 2: I think they feared me to some extent. But more importantly,

they respected my talent and felt I would lead them to great

victories.
Number 3: My men adored me. I was their idol.
Panelist 11: What nickname did the soldiers have for you?
Number 1: The “Old Fox.”
Number 2: They called me “Blood and Guts,”
Number 3: I was “The Little Corporal.”
Panelist 12: Besides being a military genius, you were a talented

government official. What were some of your

accomplishments as emperor of France?
Number 1: I organized a legal system called the “Code Napoleon,”

established French colonies in Africa, started a fair method of

taxation, supported business expansion, and increased religious

freedom.
Number 2: I brought an end to years of wasteful spending by French kings.

As government spending was reduced, so were taxes. Privileges

given to the First Estate and Second estate were done away with.

Schools, hospitals, and roadways were built.

79F

Number 3: I prepared a system of laws known as the “Code Napoleon,”

established a strong central government, founded the Bank of

France and the University of France, and started the Legion of

Honor to recognize the contributions of French soldiers and

citizens.
Panelist 13: In the early 1800’s, few countries in Europe remained free of

French rule. Only Great Britain, Prussia, Russia, and Sweden

kept you from becoming master of the continent. You never

succeeded in conquering all of Europe. What event prevented

this from happening?
Number 1: Our navy was defeated at Trafalgar off the Spanish coast by

Lord Nelson of Great Britain. This was a critical loss for us,

because it left the British in control of the seas. Without

superior sea power, there was no way we could expect to cross

the English Channel and invade Great Britain. It also weakened

our chances of defeating Prussia, Russia, and Sweden.


Number 2: Our good fortunes came to an end in a disastrous invasion of

Russia. As the Russians retreated, they destroyed everything of

value so nothing useful would fall into the city had been set on

fire by the Russians themselves. With no shelter available,

there was no choice except to march back to France through

snow and bitter cold. Most of our 600.000 soldiers either

deserted or were killed or captured along the way. France’s

army never recovered from this terrible defeat.


Number 3:The turning point in the European wars was our unsuccessful

Russian invasion. This defeat left us with an army of old men

and young boys. Our veteran troops had been wiped out.

79G

Panelist 14: Great Britain, Russia, Spain, Prussia, and Sweden formed an

alliance that finally brought about your defeat. Louis XVIII

was then put on the French throne and you were sent to the

tiny island of Elba off the coast of Italy. But you soon

escaped from Elba and made a dramatic return to France.

Excited officers and soldiers rallied around you as Louis fled

from Paris. However, your return to power, known as the

“Hundred Days,” soon ended when Britain’s Duke of

Wellington crushed French forces at Waterloo. What

happened to you after this final defeat?


Number 1: To prevent any further trouble, the Allies prepared to execute

me by firing squad.


Number 2: I was imprisoned in London, guarded round the clock, and not

allowed to have visitors.


Number 3: I was sent to a lonely island off the coast of Africa to spend the

rest of my life. Friends and family deserted me. I spent time

writing about my personal life and military career.
MC: It’s time now to vote for NUMBER 1, NUMBER 2, or NUMBER 3.

All those who think NUMBER 1 is the real Napoleon, please raise

your hand. All those who think NUMBER 2 is the real Napoleon,

raise your hand. And all those who think NUMBER 3 is the real

Napoleon, raise your hand.

The votes are all in. Will the real Napoleon Bonaparte please step

forward?


Napoleon Quiz
Directions: Now that you know who the real Napoleon is, look back at the answers given by this person (NUMBER 3). All information in these answers is correct. Use the information to answer the following true/false questions. Also, use facts in the MC’s introduction and in the questions asked by the panelists during the game show.
1. _____________ Napoleon had no military training before joining the

French army.


2. _____________ Confidence and determination were two of Napoleon’s

characteristics.


3. ____________ Careful planning was his secret for winning battles.
4. ____________ The French Revolution came to an end when Napoleon

seized control of the government and became first consul.


5. ____________ Napoleon had the look of a great general.
6. ____________ His troops idolized him and referred to him as “the Little

Corporal.”


7. ____________ He was a talented government official whose

accomplishments included organizing a system of laws

called the “Code Napoleon.”
8. ____________ The disastrous invasion of Russia was the turning point in

Napoleon’s failure to conquer Europe.


9. ____________ Napoleon’s brief return to power after his imprisonment

on Elba was known as the “Hundred Days”.


10. ___________ French forces were finally defeated at the Battle of

Waterloo by the Allied Powers under Lord Nelson.


Key to Quiz
1. False

2. True

3. False

4. True

5. False

6. True

7. True

8. True

9. True

10. False

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