World History Dixon Unit 4 African Empires Notes with ppt. Name: Period



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World History Dixon

Unit 4 African Empires Notes with ppt.

Name: ____________________________ Period:___

Geography, Migration and Language

Nomads:

Migration:



Migration Factors

Push Examples

Migration Factors

Pull Examples

Climate Changes, _______________, earthquakes, volcanoes, drought/famine










Economic

Employment Opportunities

Religious, ethnic or _______________ or war







bantumigration

Bantu Migration



  • Starting in 3000 BC/BCE a group of people began _____________southward in Africa

  • These were the ____________ speaking people (_______ means “the people”)

  • These people were ______________________ who also had skills in ironworking

  • Overtime develop agricultural (_____________, growing crops, herding)

  • ______________ was one of the main languages as is Bantu languages and _________________

  • Early people clans based on __________________

  • Some clans had _________________ descent.

  • Others ______________ descent.

African Kingdomsghana

  • Located on the Southern part of the Nile River in present day ____________

  • Kush merchants traded _____, leopard skins & ________ for goods from Med. & Red Sea regions

  • Evidence of _______________ influence: pyramids, tombs of kings contained _____________, etc; boats & eating ___________http://www.hp.uab.edu/image_archive/um/pyramid01.jpg

AXUMhttp://www.hp.uab.edu/image_archive/um/map02.jpg

  • Located on the Red Sea

  • Present Day ________________

  • Traded with Egypt, Greece, _________, Persia & India; Exchanged _____________ for goods

  • Through trade Axum absorbed many elements of Roman culture, including the adoption of __________________

Great Zimbabwe

  • Located between Zambezi and _______________ Rivers

  • Mined rich deposits of copper & ___________

  • Controlled trade _____________ between gold mines and the sea

  • GREAT ZIMBABWE: Great stonewall ___________________ that served as a political and religious center - chief held court herehttp://www.medicineformali.org/mali/img016.jpg

  • WEST AFRICAN
    SALT-GOLD KINGDOMS
    --GHANA, MALI & SONGHAI

  • The _____________ is one of the great rivers of Africa, stretching over _____________miles (4,000 km) in a great arc that extends northward from Guinea to Mali before turning back toward the south and making its way to empty into the Gulf of _____________.

  • All 3 kingdoms controlled some aspects of the famous Salt for Gold trade of Western Africa around the northern peak of the Niger River

GHANA

  • Gov’t based on Kings called “____________________”

  • __________________ traded Ghana’s GOLD for Sahara’s SALT with Muslims traders

  • Practiced tradition religions

  • Muslim traders introduced ______________ to kingdom

  • __________________ & iron weapons enable Ghana to dominate neighborsmansa musa is shown on this spanish map of africa.

Mali

  • Mali means “where the KING resides””

  • _______________________: Greatest King of Mali - Hajj to Mecca; Introduced Islamic culture to Mali

  • Economy: Gold/Salt trade & ______________________ production

  • Rulers became _________________

  • prosperous kingdom

  • _________________________ became center of learning (university) &Islamic cultural center - contained Muslim art, _______________________________

  • Evidence of trip to the Americas?

SONGHAI

  • SUNNI ALI: conquered cities of Mali

  • expanded empire to include most of W. African savanna-

  • Songhai controlled both ends of the Salt-Gold Trade

  • ASKIA MUHAMMAD: Empire reached height - golden age of the western Sudan

  • Skilled ________________, fishers, & farmers

  • Went on hajj to _____________________

  • Divided Songhai into 5 _____________________, each with gov’t, tax collector, court & trade inspector

  • Introduced laws based on teaching of the _______________

Weakening of Songhai

  • __________________ kingdom to the north launched continuous attacks

  • Moroccans wanted to control the gold _______________

  • destroyed the Empire

  • economic decline

  • internal fragmentation

World History Dixon

Unit 4 African Empires Notes with ppt.

Name: ____________________________ Period:___

Geography, Migration and Language

Nomads:

Migration:



Migration Factors

Push Examples

Migration Factors

Pull Examples

Climate Changes, _______________, earthquakes, volcanoes, drought/famine










Economic

Employment Opportunities

Religious, ethnic or _______________ or war







bantumigration

Bantu Migration



  • Starting in 3000 BC/BCE a group of people began migrating southward in Africa

  • These were the Bantu speaking people (Bantu means “the people”)

  • These people were farmers/nomads who also had skills in ironworking

  • Overtime develop agricultural (slash/burn, growing crops, herding)

  • Swahili was one of the main languages as is Bantu languages and Arabic

  • Early people clans based on lineage

  • Some clans had matrilineal descent.

  • Others patrilineal descent.

African Kingdomsghana

  • Located on the Southern part of the Nile River in present day Sudan

  • Kush merchants traded iron, leopard skins & ebony for goods from Med. & Red Sea regions

  • Evidence of Egyptian influence: pyramids, tombs of kings contained jewelry, etc; boats & eating utensilshttp://www.hp.uab.edu/image_archive/um/pyramid01.jpg

AXUMhttp://www.hp.uab.edu/image_archive/um/map02.jpg

  • Located on the Red Sea

  • Present Day Ethiopia

  • Traded with Egypt, Greece, Rome, Persia & India; Exchanged ivory for goods

  • Through trade Axum absorbed many elements of Roman culture, including the adoption of CHRISTIANITY

Great Zimbabwe

  • Located between Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers

  • Mined rich deposits of copper & gold

  • Controlled trade routes between gold mines and the sea

  • GREAT ZIMBABWE: Great stonewall fortress that served as a political and religious center - chief held court herehttp://www.medicineformali.org/mali/img016.jpg

  • WEST AFRICAN
    SALT-GOLD KINGDOMS
    --GHANA, MALI & SONGHAI

  • The Niger is one of the great rivers of Africa, stretching over 2,500 miles (4,000 km) in a great arc that extends northward from Guinea to Mali before turning back toward the south and making its way to empty into the Gulf of Guinea.

  • All 3 kingdoms controlled some aspects of the famous Salt for Gold trade of Western Africa around the northern peak of the Niger River

GHANA

  • Gov’t based on Kings called “Ghanas”

  • Caravans traded Ghana’s GOLD for Sahara’s SALT with Muslims traders

  • Practiced tradition religions

  • Muslim traders introduced Islam to kingdom

  • Calvary & iron weapons enable Ghana to dominate neighborsmansa musa is shown on this spanish map of africa.

Mali

  • Mali means “where the KING resides””

  • MANSA MUSA: Greatest King of Mali - Hajj to Mecca; Introduced Islamic culture to Mali

  • Economy: Gold/Salt trade & agricultural production

  • Rulers became Muslim

  • prosperous kingdom

  • Timbuktu became center of learning (university) &Islamic cultural center - contained Muslim art, mosques

  • Evidence of trip to the Americas?

SONGHAI

  • SUNNI ALI: conquered cities of Mali

  • expanded empire to include most of W. African savanna-

  • Songhai controlled both ends of the Salt-Gold Trade

  • ASKIA MUHAMMAD: Empire reached height - golden age of the western Sudan

  • Skilled traders, fishers, & farmers

  • Went on hajj to Mecca

  • Divided Songhai into 5 provinces, each with gov’t, tax collector, court & trade inspector

  • Introduced laws based on teaching of the Koran

Weakening of Songhai

  • Moroccan kingdom to the north launched continuous attacks

  • Moroccans wanted to control the gold source

  • destroyed the Empire

  • economic decline

  • internal fragmentation


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