World History 2 Competing Claims in NorthAmerica



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World History

4.2 Competing Claims in NorthAmerica

Drill: Conquistadors & Aztec

Conquistadors: Spanish soldiers, conquerors

Aztec are native people of Mexico
Objectives: Students will be able to identify the French, English, and Dutch colonial activities by researching the competing European claims in North America.

Students will be able to describe the Native American response to these land claims. T E R



Notes from the Past

1. Cortés must have been worried because he took several steps to try to establish the legitimate authority for Spain to rule in South America

2. Cortés burnt his ships:

A. showed leadership and determination, which would set an example for his men. B. not an intelligent act because it cut off their only means of escape.

3. Some say that Cortés was a villain.

4. Cortés ruthlessly conquered and butchered the Aztecs all for power and wealth.

5. Some believe that Cortés was admirable because he showed skill and intelligence in conquering an empire with an army many times larger than his own.
Odds & Ends

1. Giovanni da Verrazzano, Jacques Cartier, Samuel de Champlain, Marquette and Joliet; tried to find a sea route to the Pacific but establish the fur trade

2. London investors who received a charter from King James to found a colony

3. Jamestown was England’s first permanent North American colony

4. Pilgrims, aka: Puritans; search for religious freedom ended at Plymouth Rock

5. Land along Hudson River was used for expand fur trade



6. The Native Americans sought to drive English settlers from Massachusetts.

7. Victory of the colonists in the struggle, known as King Phillip’s War, 1675, helped secure the English colonies’ claims to New England.

8. As a result of English victory in the French and Indian War (which extended to Europe, where it was called the Seven Years’ War), Britain gained control of much of the eastern part of North America

9. The Dutch were ousted from North America by the English.

10. New French covered much of what is now the midwestern United States and eastern Canada.

World History

4.2 Competing Claims in NorthAmerica

1. true


2. Jamestown

3. New France

4. Plymouth

5. true


6. King Philip’s War

7. English (British)

8. true
BCR. The chief reasons that the French, English, and Dutch each were interested in North America during this time were: a. French; wealth; exploring, fur trading, and fighting wars to dominate North America. b. English; wealth and religious freedom; searching for gold, farming tobacco, creating model communities (colonizing), and fighting wars to dominate North America. c. Dutch; wealth and religious freedom; exploring, fur trading, building trading posts, colonizing, farming tobacco and sugar.
Research responses:

1. The Native Americans need more land than European colonists because they hunted and fished.

2. Native American and European views of land ownership are:

A. Europeans: Land belonged to those who bought or claimed it.

B. Native Americans: No one owned the land.

C. Europeans: Treaties were permanent deals.

D. Native Americans: Treaties were temporary agreements made in exchange for gifts.

3. The Puritans viewed Native Americans as people without a faith and in need of religion.

Native Americans resisted conversion attempts because they had their own beliefs.

4. War between the two groups started when irreconcilable differences over values, culture, and lifestyles led to conflict.


Summary: In today’s lesson we identified the French, English, and Dutch colonial activities and described the Native American response to these land claims. T
Homework: Heathens and Pilgrim

Heathens— people without a faith

Pilgrim – one who travels to find religious solace (confort)


World History

4.2 Competing Claims in NorthAmerica

A. Terms and Names If the statement is true, write “true” on the line. If it is false, change the underlined word or words to make it true.

Example: The Treaty of Tordesillas divided new lands between the Spanish and the Portuguese. True

Example: The French and the English largely honored the Treaty of Tordesillas. ignored_
1. The Dutch were ousted from North America by the English. __________________________

2. Quebec was the first permanent English settlement in North America. __________________

3. New Netherland covered much of what is now the midwestern United States and eastern

Canada. ______________________________________________________________________

4. The Pilgrim settlers who founded Jamestown were mainly interested in religious freedom.

____________________________________________________________________________

5. The group known as the Puritans founded the colony known as Massachusetts Bay. ________

6. The French and Indian War began in 1675 when Metacom led an attack on colonial villages in

Massachusetts. ________________________________________________________________

7. As a result of the French and Indian War, the French seized control of nearly the entire eastern half of North America. __________________________________________________________

8. Of the French, Dutch, and English, the two that had the mainly cooperative relationship with

Native Americans were the French and the Dutch. __________________________________


BCR. Critical Thinking Briefly answer the following question on the back of this paper.

In a paragraph, compare the chief reasons that the French, English, and Dutch each were interested in North America during this time. What occupations and activities did these interests encourage the French, English, and Dutch to undertake in North America?



CHAPTER

4.2 World History Researching Practice ContrastingInformation

Contrasting means looking for differences between events, places, institutions, ideas, or people. In this section you read about conflicts between Native Americans and English settlers. By contrasting Native American views with those held by Europeans, you can begin to understand some of the reasons for these conflicts. Read the passage and answer the questions that follow.

4

Disputes Over Land and Religion

Disputes between the Puritans and Native Americans arose over two issues—land and religion. For every acre a colonial farmer needed to support life, a Native American needed 20 for hunting, fishing, and agriculture. To Native Americans, no one owned the land—it was there for everyone to use. Native Americans saw land treaties with Europeans as mere agreements in which they received gifts— blankets,



4.2 World History Researching Practice ContrastingInformation

guns, iron tools, or whatever—to share the land for a limited time. Europeans, however, saw the treaties as a one-time deal in which Native Americans permanently sold their land to new owners.

Similar misunderstandings existed over religion. Puritans considered Native Americans heathens— people without a faith. At first, Puritans tried earnestly to convert them, which many Native

Americans resisted. Over time as hostility between the two groups grew, many Puritans tended to view

the Native Americans as agents of the devil who presented a constant threat to their godly society.

Rather than convert the Native Americans, the New England colonists set out to remove or destroy

native societies. For their part, Native Americans developed a similarly hard view toward the white invaders.

1. Why did the Native Americans need more land than European colonists?

2. How did Native American and European views of land ownership differ?

2. How did these differences affect how both groups viewed land treaties?


3. Why were the Puritans at first so interested in converting the Native Americans?

2. How did Native Americans react to attempts to convert them



4. What differences would you say finally led to war between the two groups?


In your own words, summarize today’s lesson.
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