World History 2 – Study Guide

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World History 2 – Study Guide
1. Which of the major religions is considered polytheistic? Hinduism
2. Which religion is associated with the Torah? Judaism
3. Which religion is associated with the Koran? Islam
4. The Eightfold Path is practiced in which religion? Buddhism
5. Who is the founder Buddhism? Siddhartha Gautama
6. Which of the major religions had an impact on Japan? Buddhism
7. What were the beliefs of Humanist? Study of human nature and human potential
8. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are Polytheistic religions.
9. The Bible is to Christianity as theTorah is to Judaism.
10. Which artist is associated with David and the Sistine Chapel? Michelangelo
11. Which artist is associated with the Mona Lisa? Da Vinci
12. Who was the important Catholic Reformer who founded the Jesuit order? Ignatius Of Loyola
13. What was a major cause of the Reformation? Selling of Indulgences
14. Who was the man who helped spread Humanism? Petrach
15. The Renaissance was a rebirth in art, literature and the humanities
16. What were the major beliefs of Martin Luther? Faith Alone with save you, bible is ultimate authority
17. What did Martin Luther do to protest the selling of indulgences? Wrote the 95 Theses
18. What was the Edict of Nantes issued in an effort to do? Solve religious conflict between Catholics and Protestants
19. What was the impact of Johann Gutenberg’s invention of the printing press? The written word was spread faster and literacy increased
20. What were the major empires of the Eastern Hemisphere? Ottoman, Mughals and Safavids
21. Descendants of the Mongols, the Muslim Mughal (Mogul) rulers established an empire in northern


22. The Ottoman Empire is affiliated with what religion? Islam
23. Why did Shah Jahan order the building of the Taj Mahal? To honor his wife
24. Who captained the first European ship to sail around the tip of Africa and get to India? Vasco Da Gamma
25. What type of policy did Japan institute to control foreign ideas? Closed door policy
26. The family that ruled much of Spain, Austria and Germany prior to the Thirty Years War. Hapsburg
27. Where was the empire of Songhai? Africa
28. What were Europeans' main motives for making voyages of exploration? Gold, Glory, and God
29. What were China's reasons for rejecting British offers of trade?
30. How did Prince Henry of Portugal influence exploration? He opened a school for navigation
31. What were the motivations for exploration?
32. What was the purpose of the Treaty of Tordesillas signed by Portugal and Spain? To prevent further tensions between Spain and Portugal over claiming new lands
33. What explorer conquered the Aztec empire? Hernando Cortez
34. During the 1600’s, England became a Constitutional Monarchy as a result of what major event? The English Civil War
35. What concept was the belief in "divine right" used to support? Absolutism
36. The first expedition to circumvent (sail all the way around) the world was that of Magellan
37. What is Mercantilism? Idea that a nation should export more than it imports
38. What did ships transport on the "middle passage"? African slaves and gold
39. This disease killed many Native Americans (Indians) when Europeans came to the Americas. smallpox
40. The exchange of goods such as potatoes, corn, and tobacco between Europe and the Americas was

called the: Columbian Exchange

41. The long ruling French monarch known as the Sun King was Louis XIV
42. What political purpose did the splendid palace at Versailles serve? Show how powerful an absolute monarch was
43. What was Peter the Great the first Russian ruler to make an effort to do? Westernation
44. The heliocentric, or sun-centered, theory was proposed by Copernicus
45. Francis Bacon helped to develop The scientific method
46. The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson
47. Galileo was forced to recant many of his ideas (support of the heliocentric theory and his

invention of the telescope) by the… Catholic church

48. What were the major ideas expressed by Baron de Montesquieu 3 branches of government
49. Thomas Jefferson based much of the Declaration of Independence on the ideas of John Locke
50. Isaac Newton explained the Law of gravity
51. Which of the following men led a revolt of enslaved Africans in Saint Domingue, Haiti? Toussaint L’Ouverture
52. The Bill of Rights was influenced by…John Locke, Voltaire, Jean Rousseau
53. A primary cause of the French Revolution in 1789 was the unrest and dissatisfaction of the 3rd Estate
54. Which country in Europe did Napoleon fail to conquer during his reign as emperor of France? Great Britain
55. What was one of the biggest changes Napoleon made while he was Emperor? Napoleonic Code
56. Which of the following was an important goal of the Congress of Vienna? Restore the balance of power in Europe
57. The independence movement in Latin America was spearheaded in large part by…Creoles
58. Camillo di Cavour expanded Piedmont-Sardinia's power and also Unified Italy
59. He unified Germany. Otto Von Bismarck
60. The leader of Germany unified the country by using this tactic, meaning he justified all means to

achieve and hold power Realpolitik

61. What is Nationalism? The idea that the country’s best interest go before your own.

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