World Cultures Review Europe Ancient Greece



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World Cultures Review

Europe
Ancient Greece

City-States



  • Athens, Sparta, and Corinth

Greek Mythology



  • Know basic characteristics about the following gods:

    • Athena

    • Apollo

      • Oracle at Delphi

    • Hades

    • Poseidon

    • Zeus

Contributions to Culture



  • Olympics

  • Democracy (Athens)

  • Advances in science, math, and philosophy

    • Pythagoras/Pythagorean Theorem

    • Hippocrates/Medicine and the “Hippocratic Oath”

    • Socrates/philosophy and developing the idea of “ethics” (is something right/moral or not?)


Ancient Rome

Emperors (know basic characteristics about the following emperors – what are they “famous” for?)



  • Augustus

  • Caesar

  • Nero

Contributions to Culture




Middle Ages

  • Feudalism

    • Manors

    • Social Hierarchy

      • King

      • Lords

      • Knights

      • Serfs


Renaissance

  • Humanism: shift among artists and thinkers towards focusing on human values and concerns, rather than religion and god

  • Art

    • Leonardo da Vinci

      • “Renaissance Man”

    • Michaelangelo’s statue of David

  • Science

    • Gutenberg’s invention of the printing press and its effect on society



Modern Europe

  • French Revolution (1789-1799)

    • Cause: citizens were influenced by new ideas about equality and wanted to overthrow the monarchy

    • Effect: establishment of the first modern democracy in Europe

  • Industrial Revolution (1790s-1860s)

    • Cause: invention of the steam engine

      • Powered factory machines, trains, ships

    • Effects:

      • Growth of cities

      • Creation of a “middle class”

      • Growth of business and world trade

  • World War I (1914-1918) a.k.a. “The Great War”

    • Cause: assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    • Effect: Germany lost and was forced to pay all of the war debts; Germany’s economy collapses and Adolf Hitler is able to rise to power

  • World War II

    • Cause: Hitler invaded Poland and wanted to create an empire in Europe

    • Effect:

      • Holocaust: 12 million people (6 million Jews and 6 million others) were killed in concentration camps

      • Western Europe is devastated because of the war – the U.S. and the Soviet Union (Russia) are the two major superpowers left

      • Use of the first atomic bombs in Japan

  • Cold War

    • Cause: the Soviet Union wanted to influence countries around them and help them become communist; the United States did not like communism and wanted to stop countries from becoming communist

      • Communism (Soviet Union): political and economic idea that all people should be equal (no social hierarchy) and the government will control all businesses, etc.

      • Capitalism (U.S.): economic idea that businesses should be privately owned and that competition between people/businesses is the best way for the economy to grow

    • Effects:

      • Never fought each other directly but they tried to influence other countries and get them on their “side”

      • Nuclear weapons

  • European Union

    • Most European countries are members – each country is still its own nation but they have given up some individual power to join together on certain issues

    • Euro – common currency across many European countries



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