Wluml dossier 3 June/July 1988 Sexual Mutilations


Forms of circumcision and its consequences



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Forms of circumcision and its consequences
While some variations exist, there are three major forms of female circumcision practised in the Sudan. These fall into:
(a) Infibulation; known in the Sudan as Pharaonic Circumcision, which entails the removal of the whole clitoris, labia minora and either the entire or most of the anterior parts of the labia majora. The two edges are then brought together by stitching or other means and are left to heal. Infibulation is often described as the oldest and most prevalent in the Sudan.
(b) Circumcision proper, known in the Sudan as Sunna circumcision, which involves the excision of the tip of the prepuce of the clitoris. The Sunna circumcision is regarded as the mildest form.
(c) Intermediate Female circumcision in the Sudan (between Pharaonic and Sunna) which entails the removal of the clitoris, anterior parts or the whole of the labia minora and parts of the labia majora. The two sides are then stitched together leaving a variable opening to allow passage of urine and menstrual blood. The Intermediate form of circumcision is identified as having various degrees of severity.



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