With reference to Vietnam, evaluate how your chosen theory of social change helps you to understand one feature of continuity and one feature of change within that country



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With reference to Vietnam, evaluate how your chosen theory of social change helps you to understand one feature of continuity and one feature of change within that country.
The conflict theory is based around Karl Marx’s ideas that social change occurs as a result of inequalities and the suppression of a lower class through economic and social determinism.
During the colonization of the French from the mid 1860’s, the people endemic to Vietnam were forced into labor such as coolies in the rubber fields. Their resources were being heavily exploited, whilst the French increased global power and economy. Peasant farms were ruled by the French and other foreign powers. This inequality caused resentment and hostility in Vietnam, which spurred the desire for change.
The revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh knew the only way to bring social change was through battle, where Vietnamese guerillas devised by general Giap formulated attacks after the Second World War to force the French to give Vietnamese independence and equality. These demands were won in 1954 after the battle of Dien Bien Phu. This victory was recognized by the Geneva Accords, who allowed (north) Vietnam to live under the communist party. Ho chi minh was now able to run a communist party (albeit in a divided north) and redistribute finances, land and transform the north into an agrarian based state.
This theory is also based on the ideology that the rules and regulations are set to benefit the social elite to elevate their own power. After the Geneva accords the north and south separated at the 17th parallel, with the south enforcing capitalism in aims to keep their wealth and status. The opposition against this was the communist forces in the south called the Vietcong. A famous picture of a southern general shooting a suspected Vietcong member (broadcasted all over the world in 1967) reflected on the southern capitalists imposing their power to subject the lower classes who favored communist. Events such as the assassination of southern leader Ngo Diem Dinh by the Vietcong was another example of conflict against the higher culture in Vietnam. This brought social change, where there is a larger diversity of beliefs in Vietcong. Statistics show that the religious diversity in Vietnam has grown, with Islam, Hinduism and Christianity accounting for 30% of religion in Vietnam.
The objection of Filial piety is conflict in the family, where children are rejecting their family structures. Parents keep their children at home with strict rules that their family business comes first. However children are running away from their families to pursue vocations at universities and higher paying western job. This rejection of the traditional lifestyle by some shows how the conflict theory in the family can lead to social change in Vietnam, where urban sprawl and decreasing agricultural farmers mean Vietnam is changing to an industrial society.


  1. continuity and change in your macro or micro world (4)

In my Macro world, the role of technology has changed the role of women in the workforce. Due to technological advances, women have more time to pursue a career and have gradually been accepted in the workforce. The politics of Australia have also influenced the change of laws and policies regarding the gender equality in the work force. However, the law has also influenced continuity in regards to providing a safe environment and also structure to our society. Western traditions, despite being challenged, have remained continuous as traditions, namely Christian is still an integral aspect of the macro world. Such as going to church on Sunday and on Christmas, well as singing Christmas songs such as silent night. Also urbanization has caused house prices in Sydney to sky rocket; therefore, people are forced to have to work to afford a job.




  1. How does globalization impact upon the lives of people in the micro and macro world? (6)


Micro- Globalization has made the world smaller. As a result, families can keep in contact with overseas relatives, as well as having the opportunity to experience other cultures without having to necessarily travel. This interconnectedness between countries means people have a greater understanding and knowledge of the world. The culture of many countries is being influenced by globalization, as people have access to other cultures.

Losing the art of letter writing, people are more dependants on emails and text messages, people are less likely to do personal face to face socializing.


Changes in education, people are less reliant on books and the library. Internet lessons. Also children learn how to play sports from America, such as baseball gridline.
Macro- globalization of labor has allowed people to work overseas, more opportunity for businesses to employ people from other countries, such as the Telstra building businesses and phone lines in India. This has allowed for businesses to employ cheap labor, such as sweat shops in Cambodia. This has allowed for businesses to grow to extraordinary levels, some even have a higher net financial worth than small countries, such as Microsoft. As a result, this has


  1. distinguish between the research techniques of observation and participant observation

Observation is watching as an outsider people interacting, making notes and behavior....Participant is an inside. Such as someone wanting to find out information about Australians netball, observation would be sitting on the sidelines, whilst participant observation would be playing and talking note.




  1. assess the value of participant observation in a study of teenage gangs

Participant observation would be the most effective and valuable for of research for someone who is studying teenage gangs, because they can see through their societal image and delve into the inner workings of it. Many teenage gangs have a bad reputation; many make assumptions that they are emotionless and evil people. However for a participant observer, they can explore and contrast the reality of them. Perhaps discovering inner workings and structure as well as the emotions of the members.


May get bias view such as the influence of the hawthorn effect where the people act differently, perhaps ‘act out’ expected behaviors.




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