The question above is always present on the IB History HL/SL Paper 1. The only thing that varies about this question is the sources the candidate (you) is being asked to evaluate. The question is also present, in more or less the same format, on the IB History Internal Assessment (Historical Investigation). To earn full marks for Section C on the IB History IA, students must evaluate two sources thoroughly with appropriate reference to their origin, purpose, value, and limitation.
Though this exercise might appear to be fairly artificial on both the Paper 1 and the IA, it is actually attempting to measure a skill that is vitally important to historians—that of assessing the relevance, usefulness, and reliability of sources. AP History classes consider this skill to be vital as well, which is why an evaluation of a source’s “point of view” is required for the AP European History and AP World History Document Based Questions, and is a pretty good idea to include on the AP US History DBQ. Good analysis of POV and good OPVL analysis are actually one and the same thing, and will be an integral part of the writing of any competent historian.
So this is why the ability to analyze OPVL is important. So what does all of this mean?