Who they were



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Who they were
Use the following website: http://www.history.com/interactives/civil-war-150#/who-they-were to help you complete the questions below:


  1. How many African Americans served?

  2. Could the average soldier read and write? What percentage?

  3. What occupation did most soldiers have?

  4. What was the average age of soldiers fighting during the Civil War?

  5. Did immigrants or 2nd generation Americans fight for the Union forces?

  6. How did women become involved in the war? How many were involved?

  7. Did Native Americans fight? How many?

  8. Were the salaries of Union and Confederate soldiers comparable? Explain (one-two sentences).

  9. Describe the basic diet/rations of a Union Soldier.

  10. Why was it necessary to ration food?

  11. List the supplies that every soldier had to carry.

  12. How much did a supply pack weigh?

  13. What was the purpose of carrying a canteen and a haversack?

  14. Which side (Union or Confederacy) had the advantage in terms of their army? Defend your answer.

  15. Which side (Union or Confederacy) had the advantage in terms of their navy? Defend your answer.


Weapons of War
Watch this video:

http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/civil-war-technology


  1. Complete the Chart below regarding Civil War Weapons (use the following website: http://www.history.com/interactives/civil-war-150#/weapons-of-war )

Name of Weapon

Date invented/adopted

Pros

Cons

Impact on War

Napoleon Field Gun













Minie Ball













Spencer Repeating Rifle













Railroads













Telegraph
















  1. Do you think the use of these weapons prolonged or shortened the war? Explain in 3-4 sentences.


Civil War Medicine & How the soldiers died
Watch the following video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B6du2B10K2w

  1. What types of medicines existed?

  2. Was anesthesia used?

  3. What other medicines were used for pain?

  4. What was the result of a stomach wound?

  5. Was it possible to survive a bullet an arm or leg?

  6. What types of instruments were used to perform surgeries / amputations?

  7. What percentage of amputees did not survive?

  8. Did the average soldiers trust the doctors? Why?

  9. What types of medical advance needed to be made as a result of the Civil War?

Use the following website: http://www.history.com/interactives/civil-war-150#/how-they-died to complete the information below:




  1. What was the death rate for each of the following amputations?

    1. Hand/Finger –

    2. Upper Arm –

    3. Elbow joint –

    4. Wrist –

    5. Hip –

    6. Thigh –

    7. Knee –

    8. Ankle –

    9. Feet/Toes –




  1. How many died post-surgery?

  2. What were the odds of surviving a wound?

  3. How many soldiers died in prison camps? What percentage of all deaths does this number account for?

  4. How many died throughout the entire war?

  5. If the Civil War occurred today, and 2% of the population were killed, what how many would be killed?

  6. What diseases impacted Civil War soldiers?

  7. What percentage of soldiers died from disease?



5 Deadliest Battles
Use the following website: http://www.history.com/interactives/civil-war-150#/5-deadliest-battles to complete the questions:


  1. During what years did the 5 bloodiest battles take place?

  2. Where did the five deadliest battles occur?

  3. Of 5 deadliest battles, which battle was the deadliest of the Civil War?


Paying for the War
Use the following website: http://www.history.com/interactives/civil-war-150#/paying-for-the-war to complete the information below:


  1. List three methods used to fund (raise money for) the Civil War.

  2. Which side primarily used bonds to pay for war? What were the Union bonds worth (in today’s money)?

  3. Which side printed the most currency? What was the value of the Confederate currency printed then? No?

  4. Why do you think the value of Confederate currency steadily declined during the years of the Civil War?

  5. What was the estimated total cost of the Civil War?

  6. What was the total cost for the Union? Total cost for Confederacy?

  7. By the end of the Civil War, how much was the Union spending on the war each day?

  8. What was happening to the cost of goods during the course of the war?

  9. What is inflation? Did inflation occur during the Civil War? Defend your answer.


West Point Warriors
Use the following website: http://www.history.com/interactives/civil-war-150#/west-point-warriors to answer the following quesitons.


  1. How many West Point graduates were leaders in the Civil War?

  2. How many West point graduates served as Generals throughout the war?

    1. How many were Union Generals?

    2. How many were Confederate Generals?

  3. Which West Point graduate accepted the Union surrender at Fort Sumter?

  4. How many West Point graduates fought in the First Battle of Bull Run?

  5. How many West Point graduates were killed in the war?

  6. Did any soldiers who finished last in their West Point class fight in the war? Who?


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