Who is the author of Leviathan?



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Ch 2 Sec 1 Philosophy in the Age of Reason Quiz


  1. Who is the author of Leviathan?

a. Baron de Montesquieu b. Adam Smith c. John Locke d. Thomas Hobbes e. Jean-Jacques Rousseau


  1. Who described the era of the 1700s as "enlightened"?

a. Baron de Montesquieu b. Immanuel Kant c. John Locke d. Thomas Hobbes e. Jean-Jacques Rousseau


  1. According to laissez-faire economist Adam Smith, a government should…

  1. acquire gold and silver wealth through trade c. let free market forces drive the economy

  2. impose tariffs to protect local manufacturing d. regulate the wages, hours, & working conditions of laborers




  1. Which term describes the love of, or the search for, wisdom or knowledge?

a. social contract b. natural right c. philosophy d. natural law e. laissez faire


  1. Which phrase best describes the concept of natural law?

a. rules discoverable by reason

b. agreement by which people give up freedom for organized society

c. rights that belong to all humans from birth

d. policy allowing business to operate with little or no government interference




  1. This philosophers ideas about how government & society were to work was known as a “Social Contract”& put his faith in the “general will” of the people

a. Baron de Montesquieu b. Immanuel Kant c. John Locke d. Thomas Hobbes e. Jean-Jacques Rousseau


  1. What event revolutionized thinking and led to the Enlightenment?

a. the American Revolution b. the Scientific Revolution c. the Reformation d. WWI e. WWII


  1. How did Jean-Jacques Rousseau's beliefs differ from many Enlightenment thinkers?

a. Rousseau believed the good of the community as a whole was most important

b. Rousseau believed society should place limitations on the people

c. Rousseau believed that the interest of the individual should come first

d. Rousseau believed that people in their natural state were immoral




  1. He believed in an all-powerful government to deal with the selfish, nasty, & mean people in the world

a. Baron de Montesquieu b. Immanuel Kant c. John Locke d. Thomas Hobbes e. Jean-Jacques Rousseau


  1. Allowing business to operate with little government interference is called____?

a. social contract b. natural right c. philosophy d. natural law e. laissez faire


  1. Rules discovered by the use of reason are known as _____.

a. social contract b. natural right c. philosophy d. natural law e. laissez faire


  1. He thought government powers should be divided among three branches & believed in the separation of powers

a. Baron de Montesquieu b. Immanuel Kant c. John Locke d. Thomas Hobbes e. Jean-Jacques Rousseau


  1. How did the Scientific Revolution lead to the Enlightenment?

a. It gave monarchs more power.

b. It helped factories to grow larger and factory owners to become rich.

c. It encouraged people to use reason to try to understand social, political, and economic issues.

d. It extended the natural rights of European citizens.




  1. Who wrote that people have a natural right to overthrow a government that violates their rights?

a. Thomas Hobbes b. John Locke c. Immanuel Kant d. Adam Smith e. Jean-Jacques Rousseau



  1. Which statement best describes the ideas of Hobbes and Rousseau?

a. Hobbes believed people in their natural state were bad; Rousseau believed they were good.

b. Rousseau believed people in their natural state were bad; Hobbes believed they were good.



c. Hobbes believed democratic government was good; Rousseau believed it was bad.

d. Rousseau believed free speech was dangerous; Hobbes believed it helped society progress.

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