Which one of the following statements about First Responder care of a patient with burns is true



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Chapter 21

Name___________________________________



MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1)



If your patient was burned by an electrical source, monitor the patient closely for

1)


_______

A)



airway swelling.

B)


cardiac arrest.

C)



uncontrolled itching.

D)


anaphylactic shock.



2)



Which one of the following statements about First Responder care of a patient with burns is TRUE?

2)


_______

A)



Place the burned area on ice to stop continuous burning.

B)



Cover a burned eye, and leave the other eye uncovered.

C)



Use grease or fat on the burn before dressing it.

D)



Cover burns with dry sterile dressings.



3)



Scenario You examine a small burn that is dry, leathery, and charred. This burn would best be described as a ________ burn.

3)


_______

A)



full-thickness

B)


partial-thickness

C)



critical

D)


superficial



4)



Burns are classified according to

4)


_______

A)



pain.

B)


cause.

C)


color.

D)


depth.



5)



BSI precautions are necessary during emergency care of burn patients because

5)


_______

A)



body fluid is lost through the burned tissue.

B)



burns will cause the patient to vomit.

C)



the burns may be the result of child abuse.

D)



gloves help control the patient's pain.



6)



Scenario Your patient has been burned with hot water over the anterior portions of both legs. His burns cover how much of his body?

6)


_______

A)



4%

B)


9%

C)


18%

D)


36%



7)



Scenario A patient has a burn to her right forearm. It is moist, blistered, and painful. This burn would best be described as a ________ burn.

7)


_______

A)



critical

B)


partial-thickness

C)



full-thickness

D)


superficial



8)



The First Responder must pay close attention to a burn patient's airway because

8)


_______

A)



inhaled heat can scorch and swell mucous membranes.

B)



coughs and sooty mucous production contaminate wounds.

C)



fluid loss can lead to generalized dehydration.

D)



respirations can get noisy and interfere with assessment.



9)



Scenario You are providing First Responder care to a farmer who was burned on his arms by an unknown white powder. The first thing you should do is

9)


_______

A)



apply dry sterile dressings and bandages.

B)



splint the injuries to the patient's chest.

C)



brush off the powder before irrigating the burns.

D)



irrigate the eyes with water for at least 20 minutes.



10)



Scenario You arrive on the scene of a MVC. The car has exploded, and the driver has been thrown clear. She has burns over her head, chest, and arms. Your top priority is

10)


______

A)



covering her burns.

B)


administering oxygen.

C)



maintaining her airway.

D)


calling for paramedics.



11)



The severity of an inhalation injury is determined by all the following EXCEPT

11)


______

A)



the gender of the patient.

B)



whether or not the patient was in a confined space.

C)



the products and degree of combustion.

D)



duration of exposure.



12)



Scenario A firefighter has suffered a full-thickness burn that affects the joints of his left hand. This burn would be considered

12)


______

A)



moderate.

B)


critical.

C)


minor.

D)


substantial.



13)



A burn that involves only the epidermis is called a ________ burn.

13)


______

A)



full-thickness

B)


critical

C)



superficial

D)


partial-thickness



14)



Scenario Your patient was injured while installing an electric light. During your physical exam, what should you look for?

14)


______

A)



internal path of the current

B)


dry powders or chemicals

C)



entrance and exit wounds

D)


bleeding or ulcerations



15)



Scenario Firefighters have taken a seriously burned patient to a safe area. What is your first step in emergency care of this patient?

15)


______

A)



Apply dressings.

B)


Stop any burning.

C)



Administer oxygen.

D)


Start CPR.



16)



Your top priority in managing a burn patient is to

16)


______

A)



control the patient's pain.

B)



perform an initial assessment and treatment.

C)



determine the severity of the burns.

D)



remove the patient from the source of the burn.



1)



B


2)



D


3)



A


4)



D


5)



A


6)



C


7)



B


8)



A


9)



C


10)



C


11)



A


12)



B


13)



C


14)



C


15)



B


16)



D


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