Professor Anthony Glees is Director of the Brunel Centre for Intelligence and Security Studies (BCISS) at Brunel University. He is one of the founding figures of the academic study of intelligence and security issues in the UK. His books on intelligence include: (with Philip H. J. Davies & John N. L. Morrison) The Open Side of Secrecy: Ten Years of Britain’s Intelligence and Security Committee (London: Social Affairs Unit, forthcoming); (with Philip H. J. Davies) Spinning The Spies: Intelligence, Open Government and the Hutton Inquiry (London: Social Affairs Unit, 2004); The Stasi Files: East Germany's Secret Operations Against Britain (London: Free Press, 2003); and The Secrets of the Service: British Intelligence and Communist Subversion 1939-51 (London: Jonathan Cape, 1987). Professor Glees’ current research is focussed on the study of intelligence and security matters on a national and European level.
Chris Pope is a former journalist, spending eight years working in the aerospace and defence sectors. He reported from Iraq during the 2003 war. He has recently completed a Masters Degree in Intelligence and Security Studies at Brunel University. He is the newly appointed editor of the Royal United Services Institute’s Monitor journal, which examines the areas of security and resilience.
1 See, for example, the Report of the Intelligence and Security Committee for 1997-8, para 47, at www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/publications/reports/intelligence/Intelligence.pdf
See Panorama BBC TV 21 August 2005 and http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/4681857.stm
2 Our report is based on open sources as well as on the record discussions, interviews and meetings with security and intelligence officers, held under Chatham House rules.
7 It was left to an interviewee of the BBC, Michael Fabricant MP, the Member of Parliament for the farmers, to describe the ALF cell as ‘terrorists’ although the BBC did state that a judge trying some members of this cell had himself called them “terrorists”.
8 Young Muslims and Extremism 2004, a paper prepared for the Prime Minister published in part in TheSunday Times 10 July 2005
9 See the report of the Parliamentary Intelligence and Security Committee for 1989/90 www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/publications/reports/intelligence/Intelligence.pdf; meeting at Demos, Central London 20 June 2005
10 Interviewed in The Times 10 August 2005
11 See the annual reports of the Intelligence and Security Committee http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/intelligence/
12 e.g. in London on 22 February 2005
13 The comment was made by Patrick Mercer MP, an Opposition Front Bench spokesman
14Shortened version published in The Times Higher Education Supplement 7 April 2005 and reported elsewhere.
15 At a meeting of Policy Exchange , London,14 March 2005
16 Anthony Glees Reinventing Germany Berg: Oxford 1996 pp 163-165; Stefan Aust The Baader-Meinhof Group, Bodley Head: London 1987 provides the classic account of the gang
18 Confidential information from a London school teacher 25 July 2005
19 On the record but anonymous interview with officers from the Metropolitan Police and Special Branch, Central London, 25 February 2005
20 See The Washington Post 20 August 2005
21 It was not, he said, about whether ‘intercept evidence’ was safe to use because the information identifying sources of danger came from individuals not from phone taps (a point apparently contradicted by a former Director General of MI5, Sir Stephen Lander, on the Today Programme who did appear to think that intercept evidence lay at the heart of the issue, the use of which he now opposed).
David Bickford, a former legal adviser to MI5, the Security Service, and MI6, the Secret Intelligence Service, believes the ongoing objections to the use of such evidence ‘defy logic’ in the current climate. “The intelligence community abroad looks aghast at our position restricting the use of phone intercepts as evidence. It can’t understand it. I find it difficult to find any logical explanation. It just flows from an obsession in certain circles that we have to keep everything secret simply for the sake of secrecy.”
22 e.g. Professor Connor Gairty’s arguments put before an invited audience at RUSI at a pilot BBC Radio Four programme on 30 June 2005
23 Philip Webster: “9/11 wake-up call ignored, Blair says in swipe at obstructive judges” The Times 27 July 2005
24 Speaking in Central London 22 February 2005
26 Intelligence and Security Committee Report 1998-9, para 62.
27 The Guardian 19 July 2005
28 See The Butler Review into Weapons of Mass Destruction, 2004 pp 17-20. Interestingly, it has been suggested that the AQ Khan network was identified as the result of careful investigation by MI5 who noticed a number of students from Pakistan attending various universities where nuclear matters were taught. Whilst each individual student seemed to be engaged on quite harmless studies, when the group was analysed as a whole, it was found to have significant understanding of uranium enrichment techniques and weapons systems. Confidential information, June 2005.
29 Confidential information, July 2005. The University is situated in the London area.
30 On the record but non-attributable meeting, Central London 25 February 2005
31 Vikram Dodd: “Special Branch to track Muslims across the UK”. The Guardian 20 July 2005
32 “Communists ‘tried to infiltrate British school system’”, The Guardian 1 July 2005
33 Marc Sageman: Understanding terror networks. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004. p 55
34 Anthony Glees: The Stasi Files. Simon & Schuster p 350
35 Fears over CIA ‘university spies.’ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/4603271.stm
36 Yael Shahar: Islamicradicals in the UK. www.ict.org.il/ The full list of banned proscribed terrorist groups in the UK can be found on the Home Office website (www.homeoffice.gov.uk/terrorism/threat/groups/) and includes such organisations as Al Qaeda, Groupe Islamique Armee and Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan.
37 Steve Coll and Susan B Glasser: “In London, Islamic radicals found a haven.” Washington Post 10 July 2005
38 David Leppard and Nick Fielding: “The hate”. The Sunday Times 10 July 2005
39 This refers to the famous scene in the film Star Wars where the lead characters enter a bar to be confronted by a myriad of different alien species, all with different skills, motives and services.
40 Coll and Glasser, Washington Post
41 Gordon Corera: “How militant Islam found a home in London”, Jane’s Intelligence Review, August 2002, p 16.
42 Shahar: Islamicradicals in the UK
43 Jimmy Burns and Stephen Fidler: “Different approach to tackling terrorism exposed.” The Financial Times, 12 July 2005
45 Corera: Jane’s Intelligence Review, p 18
46 Project Contest was the Home Office report drawn up to examine the government’s relations with the Muslim community, in particular the younger generation.
47 Home Office: Relations with the Muslim Communit: Summary p 2. 10 May 2005
48 Youth and terrorism. www.teror.gen.tr
49 Charles Guthrie: “Tamingterrorism.” Policy Exchange, London 14 March 2005
50 Paul Kelso: “Young Muslims ‘fall prey to extremists” The Guardian 27 December 2001
51 Corera: Jane’s Intelligence Review, p 17
52 Ed Blanche, “Al Qaeda recruitment targets the intelligent, disciplined and devout”, Jane’s Intelligence Review, January 2002, p 28
53 Sageman: p 76
54 Sageman: p 78
55 Sageman: p 92
56 Sageman: p 160
57 Religion, a personal matter. GfK Worldwide www.gfk.com