Fear that women would reject subordination in the private and public spheres if independence were achieved
After the United States, which was the next New World colony to gain independence from European power?
Which event in Europe contributed most directly to the wave of independence struggle in early nineteenth-century Latin America?
Publication of the Gutenberg bible
Napoleon's invasion of Spain
Fascist aerial bombardment of Guernica
Onset of World War I
Why was the struggle for Brazilian independence distinctive in Latin American history?
Brazil was the only colony whose economy was dependent on cash crops.
Brazil remained a monarchy after independence.
Brazil abolished slavery before independence was achieved.
Brazil was the first colony to achieve independence.
Brazil was the only ethnically diverse colony where racial hierarchy did not exist before or after independence.
Which social practices of the early United States were replicated in newly independent Spanish Latin America?
Slavery was maintained.
Women remained subordinate to men.
Property restrictions were placed on voting.
Established colonial elites moved to the top ranks of political power.
All of the above
What impact did the instability of the wars for independence have on subsequent developments in Latin America?
Agricultural regions devastated by modern warfare were slow to recover, leading to widespread famine.
Female veterans of military service refused subordinate roles in the home.
Military leaders remained influential and intervened frequently in political affairs.
Mestizo, slave, and indigenous populations formed guerrilla units and launched armed struggle for communism.
The grip of the Catholic Church was weakened and various strains of Protestantism became the dominant form of Christianity.
What was the main commonality Liberal and Conservative politicians shared in nineteenth-century Latin America?
(A) They agreed that the Catholic Church had too much power.
Both were led by wealthy landowners and the urban middle to upper classes.
They agreed on the immediate abolition of slavery and repatriation to Africa.
Both looked with admiration on the example of independent Haiti.
Both were influenced by the ideas of Karl Marx.
Which area of the 19th century Latin American economy was most damaged by free-trade relations with the British?
War in the 19th century with which Western power reduced Mexico's territory by about half?
The United States
Which Latin American nation attracted the greatest number of European immigrants in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries?
Which best characterizes the rule and impact of Porfirio Diaz in Mexico?
Sacrifice of liberal political principles in pursuit of industrial and infrastructural modernization
Peasant-based populist mandate achieving comprehensive land reform
Puppet ruler manipulated by German imperialism bringing little to no economic development
Conservative ruler who returned large landowners and Catholic elites to power
Communist revolutionary implementing a series of Five-Year Plans for agriculture and industry
Which statement best characterizes Ottoman and Qing Chinese relations with the West by about 1750?
Both empires were in full military retreat and subject to carrying out Western economic demands.
Both empires were successfully carrying out policies of isolation from the West.
Qing China was able to strongly regulate relations with the West while Ottoman rulers were less able to repel Western incursions into their territorial waters.
Qing China pursued a policy of imitation of Western industrial and mercantile practices while Ottoman rulers refused to do so.
Both empires had launched effective counterattacks culminating with occupation of key Western urban centers.
Initial expansion of Western-style university systems, communication methods, railways, and newspaper production and the promulgation of a European-style constitution are associated with which period in the history of the Ottoman Empire?