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Westward Expansion – Impact on Native Americans

MAIN IDEA: ___________________ ______________________ life changed dramatically as a result of ________________________________ expansion

  1. How did Westward Expansion impact Native Americans?

Impact on Native Americans #1: Forced to Reservations & Government Breaks Treaties

Forced to Move to Reservations

  • Settlers felt justified in taking Native Americans land because they felt they were making the land more ________________________

  • Treaties forced millions of Native Americans onto _______________________________

  • Reservation: a small piece of ____________________________ set aside for Native Americans.

Government Breaks Treaties

  • After tribes made treaties that relocated them to reservations, the ________ _____________________________ and settlers_____________________________ broke these treaties and took even more _________________________ from Native Americans

Impact on Native Americans #2: Killing the Buffalo

  • Deliberate _______________________ of __________________ herds to force them to move off their hunting grounds to _______________________________________

Impact on Native Americans #3: Lifestyle changes because of forced Assimilation

  • Assimilation: to blend into another ____________________, to accept that culture as ___________ __________________.

  • Efforts to get Native Americans to become __________________ ____________________ - settlers wanted the land to be used more “productively”

  • _____________ _____________ Reservation ________________ was divided into 160 acre plots and given to individual families to __________________ for a __________________.

  • Missionaries attempted to convert Native Americans to ______________________________.

  • Indian Boarding __________________________ - Children were sent to schools to focus on _________________ such as ________________________ and ______________________.

  • Native Americans were not considered _________________________ until ______________

  1. How did Native Americans Respond to Westward Expansion?

  • American Indians previously occupied the west and viewed settlers as invaders.

  • Many heroic American Indians made courageous efforts to save their people.


Sitting Bull and the Battle of Little Bighorn

Name of the tribe:

Circle one: FOUGHT or RAN

  • ________________ was discovered on the Sioux Reservation in South Dakota.

  • Many Sioux (Lakota), including Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse, refused to go to a reservation to Montana.

  • General George ______________________ and U.S. troops were sent to drive the Native Americans back to their reservation.

  • They met 2,000+ warriors (largest Indian force ever gathered in the Plains)

  • Custer was killed

Massacre at Wounded Knee

  • After Custer was defeated at Little Bighorn, U.S. Army was sent in to attack American Indians.

  • Sitting Bull was killed along with 120, 230 women and children at a creek called Wounded Knee

  • Massacre at Wounded Knee was the last major episode of violence in Native American wars.

Chief Joseph

Name of the tribe:

Circle one: FOUGHT or RAN

  • Nez Percé were forced onto a reservation in Idaho

  • Chief Joseph led a group of 750 Native Americans out of Idaho and escaped toward ________________________.

  • US troops were ordered to bring Native Americans back to the reservation.

  • Chief Joseph and other were caught and surrendered at Bear’s Paw Mountain.


Name of the tribe:

Circle one: FOUGHT or RAN

  • Geronimo, a tribal leader, in the _____________________ region.

  • Geronimo fought against Mexico and the United States settlers.

  • Apache believed he had special powers - walk without leaving tracks

  • After many battles, Apache were forced to surrender to U.S. in 1886 in Arizona.

  • His name is a synonym for ___________.

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