Wars in American History The French and Indian War- (1756-1763)

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Wars in American History

  1. The French and Indian War- (1756-1763)

    1. Causes- The British fight the French over the Ohio River Valley for fur and land.

    2. The turning point of the war was the victory for the British at the Battle of Quebec.

    3. It ended with the Treaty of Paris of 1763.

    4. Results of the War- The French are forced to leave North America.

    5. Great Britain is in debt and must tax colonies.

  1. The American Revolution- (1775-1783)

    1. Causes of the Revolution

      1. Proclamation of 1763

      2. No taxation without representation

      3. Quartering Act

      4. Boston Tea Party which resulted in the Intolerable Acts

    2. First battle at Lexington and Concord.

    3. The turning point was the Battle of Saratoga.

    4. The last battle was at Yorktown.

    5. Results of the Revolution

      1. The 13 colonies became an independent nation.

      2. The Mississippi River becomes the new U.S. border.

      3. A new government was formed under the Articles of Confederation.

  1. The War of 1812 (1812-1815)

    1. Sometimes called the second war for independence.

    2. Causes of the war

      1. Great Britain was attacking our ships.

      2. Great Britain was causing Indians to attack our people on the frontier.

      3. British impressment of United States sailors

    3. The British burned Washington, D.C. and bombed Fort McHenry. “Star Spangled Banner” written by Francis Scott Key

    4. Battle of New Orleans- Andrew Jackson fought in it after the treaty was signed.

    5. Treaty of Ghent- British recognized U.S. boundaries, and industry prospered.

  1. The Mexican War (1846-1848)

    1. Causes of the war

      1. Mexico didn’t want Texas to become a U.S. territory.

      2. Boundary disputes- Mexico said that the Nueces was the boundary and Texas said that the Rio Grande was the boundary.

    2. Results

      1. Mexican Cession

      2. Rio Grande River becomes boundary for U.S.

      3. Gadsden Purchase

  1. The Civil War (1861-1865)

    1. Causes

      1. Slavery

      2. States’ rights

    2. The first battle was the Battle at Ft. Sumter in which the Confederates fired on a federal fort.

    3. The turning point in the war was the Battle of Gettysburg in which the North won.

    4. The Battle of Vicksburg was important because the North took over the Mississippi River.

    5. General Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House

    6. Results
      1. 13th amendment- freed the slaves

  1. 14th amendment- made all former slaves citizens

  2. 15th amendment- gave African-American men the right to vote

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