Wars in American History The French and Indian War- (1756-1763)
in American History
The French and Indian War- (1756-1763)
Causes- The British fight the French over the Ohio River Valley for fur and land.
The turning point of the war was the victory for the British at the Battle of Quebec.
It ended with the Treaty of Paris of 1763.
Results of the War- The French are forced to leave North America.
Great Britain is in debt and must tax colonies.
The American Revolution- (1775-1783)
of the Revolution
Proclamation of 1763
Boston Tea Party which resulted in the Intolerable Acts
First battle at Lexington and Concord.
The turning point was the Battle of Saratoga.
The last battle was at Yorktown.
Results of the Revolution
The 13 colonies became an independent nation.
The Mississippi River becomes the new U.S. border.
A new government was formed under the Articles of Confederation.
The War of 1812 (1812-1815)
Sometimes called the second war for independence.
of the war
Great Britain was attacking our ships.
Great Britain was causing Indians to attack our people on the frontier.
of United States sailors
The British burned Washington, D.C. and bombed Fort McHenry. “Star Spangled Banner”
written by Francis Scott Key
Battle of New Orleans- Andrew Jackson fought in it after the treaty was signed.
Treaty of Ghent- British recognized U.S. boundaries, and industry prospered.
The Mexican War (1846-1848)
Causes of the war
Mexico didn’t want Texas to become a U.S. territory.
Boundary disputes- Mexico said that the Nueces was the boundary and Texas said that the Rio Grande was the boundary.
Rio Grande River becomes boundary for U.S.
The Civil War (1861-1865)
The first battle was the Battle at Ft. Sumter in which the Confederates fired on a federal fort.
The turning point in the war was the Battle of Gettysburg in which the North won.
The Battle of Vicksburg was important because the North took over the Mississippi River.
General Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House
amendment- freed the slaves
amendment- made all former slaves citizens
amendment- gave African-American
men the right to vote
documents -> Magna Carta – The cornerstone of English justice, signed in 1215 declaring the same law bound the king and government as other citizens of Englan
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