Wall Street Crash (1929). The coalition governments



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Economic problems nearly always produce political problems, because governments suddenly find themselves having to deal with difficult problems. This is what happened in Germany after the Wall Street Crash (1929). The coalition governments in Germany found it difficult to agree about how to help Germany through the massive economic crisis of the depression. This led the President, Hindenburg, to use article 48 more and more often, so that Germany became run more by dictatorship than by democracy. Article 48 allowed the President to pass laws without consulting the Reichstag in times of emergency. The economic and political crisis helped Hitler to gain the second most important job in Germany in 1933, Chancellor, and soon after to become the Fuhrer, or leader, of Germany.

Between 1929 and 1933 the top job in Germany, that of President, was held by Paul von Hindenburg. He was 82 years old in 1929. He had been Field Marshall and Commander of all German Land Forces during the First World War and was rather old fashioned, disliking Weimar democracy and preferring the old strong military rule of the Second Reich (the government before the First World War). Hindenburg also disliked the Nazi Party as he saw it as being too extreme.
Because he disliked the arguments of coalition governments, Hindenburg often used article 48, so that he could ignore the Reichstag and pass laws as he saw fit.




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