Macedonian king who led an army Eastward and conquered land from Greece to India. He was known as a brilliant military leader and his death marked the beginning of the Hellenistic Era
One of the 12 followers of Christ, or any of the professed followers of Christ in his lifetime.
Persian religion based on the teaching of the 6th century BCE prophet Zarathustra; its emphasis on the duality of good and evil and on the role of individuals in determining their own fate would influence later religions
Pertaining to a social system in which the father is the head of the family
Rebirth; a belief of both Buddhism and Hinduism
Referring to a social system in which descent and inheritance are traced through the mother
The codification of Roman law during the republic
Mandate of heaven
The "will of the gods" that granted a ruler the right to rule
the belief held by many before the Scientific Revolution that the earth is the center of the universe
The belief in many gods
The belief in one god
The belief that spirits inhabit the features of nature
The Central Nomadic people who invaded into China in the ancient world
The custom among the higher castes of Hinduism of a widow throwing herself on the burning funeral pyre of her husband.
Specialization of labor
The division of labor that aids the development of skills in a particular type of work
The era in which Greek culture blended with Persian and other Eastern influences and spread throughout the former empire of Alexander the Great
the exile of an ethnic or racial group from their homeland
The idea that ancient civilizations were able to achieve characteristics of civilization without contact with others
The introduction of agriculture, domestication of animals, and a more sedentary life during the Neolithic Age
The moral law of the Hebrews.
The most popular Hellenistic philosophy; it involved strict discipline and an emphasis on helping others.
The New Stone Age that was marked by the discovery and mastery of agriculture
The pattern of temperature and precipitation over a period of time
The portion of the Christian Bible that contains the Gospels that relate the account of the life of Jesus; letters from the followers of Jesus to the early Christian churches and the Book of Revelation, a prophetic text
the position in the Hindu caste system that was determined by one’s birth
The practice of herding.
The religious term for "any expected deliverer"
The Roman Peace; the period of prosperity and stability throughout the Roman Empire in the first two centuries C.E.
The social division in Hindu society that fell in rank below the caste system; it was occupied by those who carried out undesirable occupations such as undertaking, butchering, and waste collection.
The transition from foraging to the cultivation of food occurring about 8000 - 2000 BC; also known as the Neolithic revolution
the transmission of ideas and products from one culture to another
Vocabulary 600C.E. to 1450
Match the term to the definition. To create a better review sheet, write the term instead of the letter.
A black stone or meteorite that became the most revered shrine in Arabia before the introduction of Islam; situated in Mecca, it later was incorporated in the Islamic faith
A blend of two or more cultures or cultural traditions
A branch of languages originating in Oceania
A collection of the sayings and deeds of Mohammed
A document written in England in 1215 that granted certain rights to nobles; later these rights came to be extended to all classes
A household of wives and concubines in the Middle East, Africa, or Asia
A Japanese Feudal lord in charge of an army of samurai
A knight's code of honor in medieval Europe
A labor system used by Andean societies in which community member shared work owed to rulers and the religious community
A member of a Polynesian group that settled in New Zealand about 800 C.E.
A military government established in Japan after the Gempei Wars; the emperor became a fiugurehead while real power was concentrated in the military, including the samurai
A Mongol ruler
A navigational instrument used to determine latitude by measuring the position of the stars
A peasant who is bound to the land he or she works
A philosophy that blended Confucianism and Buddhist thought
A political, economic, and social system based on the relationship between lord and vassal in order to provide protection
A representative assembly, most notably in England
A small, easily steerable ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish in their explorations
A society that is based on the authority of kinship groups rather than on a central government
A system of knotted cords of different sizes and colors used by the Incas for keeping records
A system of self-sufficient estates that arose in medieval Europe
A tax, comprising percentages of personal income of every kind, levied as almsgiving for the relief of the poor: the third of the Pillars of Islam.
People of the book
A term applied by Islamic governments to Muslims, Christians, and Jews in reference to the fact that all three religions had a holy book
A tower attached to a mosque from which Muslims are called to worship
A triangular sail attached to a short mast
Age groups into which children were placed in Bantu Societies of early sub-Saharan Arica; Children within the age grade were given responsibilities and privileges suitable for their age and in this manner were prepared for adult responsibilities.
An ancient Chinese counting device that used rods on which were mounted movable counters
An ancient Shinto ritual still performed in the traditional Japanese capital of Kyoto
An Andean society also known as the Inca
An artistic technique commonly used in Renaissance painting that gave a three-dimensional appearance to works of art
An Islamic ruler
Architecture of twelfth-century Europe, featuring stained-glass windows, flying buttresses, tall spires, and pointed arches
Artwork first seen in Muslim lands. A type of curvilinear decoration in painting, metalwork, etc., with intricate intertwining leaf, flower, animal, or geometrical designs
Aztec clans that supplied labor and warriors to leaders
Central American society that was centered around the city of Tula
Chinese dynasty founded by Hongwu and known for its cultural brilliance
Chinese dynasty that was founded by the Mongolian ruler Kublai Khan
Chinese porcelain that has a pale, green, translucent glaze
First society people located in central North America
Five practices required of Muslim; faith, prayer, almsgiving, fasting, and pilgrimage
In China, a method of breaking and binding women's feet; seen as a sign of beauty and social position, foot binding also confined women to the household.
In Incan society, a clan or community that worked together on projects required by the ruler
In Incan society, descent through both the father and mother
In medieval Europe, a grant of land given in exchange for military, or other services
In medieval Europe, a grant of land or other privilege to a vassal
In medieval Europe, a person who pledged military or other service to a lord in exchange for a gift of land or other privilege
Islamic holy war
Large Chinese sailing ships especially designed for long-distance travel during the Tang and Song Dynasties
Letters of Credit issued in place of coins
Military leader under the bakufu
Muslims who attempt to reach Allah through mysticism
Name given to a group of sub-Saharan African peoples who migrations altered the society of sub-Saharan Africa
One who submits; a follower of Islam
Pertaining to the middle ages of European history
Platforms of twisted vines and mud that served the Aztecs as floating gardens and extended their agricultural land
Pre-Incan South American society that fell to Incas in the fifteenth century.
Regional military leaders in Japan who ruled small kingdoms from fortresses
The House of Islam; a term representing the political and religious unity of the various Islamic groups
The house of worship of followers of Islam
The Japanese practice of ritual suicide
The military class of feudal Japan
The name given to the pueblo dwelling natives in the South-west North American continent
The name given to themselves by the Aztec people
The payment of a tax in the form of goods and labor by subject peoples
The period from about 1250 to 1350 in which the Mongols ensured the safety of Eurasian trade and travel
The period of European history traditionally given as 500 to 1500
The pilgrimage to the Ka'aba in Mecca required once of every Muslim who was not limited by health or financial restrictions
The practice of the Roman Catholic and other Christian churches of prohibiting participation in the sacraments to those who do not comply with the church teachings or practices
The revival of learning in Europe beginning about 1300 and continuing to about 1600
The rule of the shoguns
The ruler of the Quechua people of the west coast of South America; the term is also applied to the Quechua people as a whole
The skill of political survival and dominance in the world of steppe nomads; it involved the knowledge of tribal and clan structure and often used assassinations to accomplish its goals
The traditional Japanese religion based on veneration of ancestors and spirits of nature.
The various American tribes who, in prehistoric and early historic times, erected the burial mounds and other earthworks of the Mississippi drainage basin and the southeastern U.S.
Turkic military slaves who formed part of the army of the Abbasid Caliphate in the ninth and tenth centuries; they founded their own state in Egypt and Syria from the thirteenth to the early sixteenth centuries
Wars in Japan that pitted the Samurai against the peasants