Now we are at the site where Krishna killed the demon Kamsa. Kamsa had already killed six of Krishna’s brothers and now he wanted to kill Krishna and Balaram as well. So he sent Akrura to bring the two Lords from Vrindavan to Mathura. The evil Kamsa then tried to kill Krishna with his soldiers, with a furious elephant, and with the strongest wrestlers in his kingdom, but all his attempts were in vain. At last after Krishna and Balaram had killed the strong powerful wrestlers sent against them, Krishna became so angry at Kamsa, who had imprisoned His mother and father and grandfather for so many years. He leapt up on to the royal dias, grabbed Kamsa by the hair, knocking off his crown, and threw him down into the arena. Krishna jumped on top of him and hitting him angrily with His fists, Kamsa met his death. This all happened here at the remains of this fort called Kamsa Tila. Hare Krishna!
Dirgha Vishnu Mandir
Now we are in the Dirgha Vishnu Mandir. Dirgha means very large. When Kamsa had Krishna brought to Mathura and made many attempts to harm him, all of Krishna’s friends and relatives became alarmed. Just to reassure them that there was no danger of Him being harmed in any way, Krishna expanded himself into a very large Dirga Vishnu form. After seeing this, the anxiety of His family members and friends was relieved and they became sure that Krishna would be victorious no matter what obstacles Kamsa would put in His way. So now let us humbly bow down to the lotus feet of Dirgha Vishnu and pray for His mercy. Gaura premanandi!
This is the birthplace of Lord Krishna. The Supreme Lord Krishna at the battle of Kuruksetra five thousand years ago explained that Arjuna the reason why He descends and takes birth.
çré bhagawän uväca
yadä yadä hi dharmasya glänir bhavata bharata
The blessed Lord said, "Whenever and wherever there is a decline in religious practices, O descendant of Bharata, and a predominant rise of irreligion—at that time I descend myself. To deliver the pious and to annihilate the miscreants, as well as to reestablish the principles of religion; I appear Myself millenium after millenium.
Krishna is the origin of all origins and, as the origin of all, He is the supreme absolute truth, as confirmed in the first sloka of Sri Brahma Samhita.
éçvaraù paramaù kåñëaù
The supreme controller comprising eternal existence, absolute knowledge, and absolute bliss is the supreme truth, Lord Krishna. Krishna as the origin of all descends in His original form only once in a day of Brahma, which is every 4 billion, 320 million years. So you can see how fortunate we are to be able to relish His transcendental pastimes from authoritative sources at a relatively close period to His descent on earth. Lord Krishna took birth here 5,000 years ago at the end of the Dvapara Yuga. The Supreme Lord Krishna advented of his own sweet will along with His brother Balaram and their associates.
A that time this planet earth was terribly overburdened by demons who were ruling the earth as kings. The leader of the demons Kamsa was the king of Mathura and he had imprisoned Krishna’s father, King Vasudeva, Krishna’s mother Queen Devaki who was his own sister and King Ugrasena, his own father who was the rightful King of Mathura. All these atrocities were committed in a brutal and heinous attempt to permanently destroy religious principles. Here in a prison cell Queen Devaki gave birth to the Supreme Lord Krishna; but do not make the mistake of thinking that it was an ordinary prison cell or that Vasudeva and Devaki were ordinary human beings. In their previous past two lives they were the mother and father of Lord Krishna in his incarnation as Prishnigarbha and in his incarnation as Vamanadeva. They are nitya siddhas, eternal associates of the Lord, and as such they are totally liberated beings. Also do not think that Lord Krishna was conceived and born as an ordinary child. The Lord appears by his own sweet will and desire, totally transcendental to the laws of material nature. When Krishna first appeared in Kamsa’s prison, Yogamaya the internal potency of the Lord was born of mother Yashoda at Gokula. Lord Krishna ordered his father to immediately carry him across the Yamuna river to Gokula and exchange him with Nanda Maharaja’s and mother Yasoda’s new-born baby girl. Vasudeva and Devaki were astounded as their wrist and ankle chains opened along with all the prison doors and all the guards were snoring in deep sleep. Although the rainfall was terrible and the Yamuna was overflowing it’s banks with waves, the goddess of the river herself arranged for the waters to part so that Vasudeva could easily cross; but not before she had snatched baby Krishna from his arms into her waters so she could fondly caress the Lord. Vasudeva carried out the Lord’s order and switched baby Krishna with Yogamaya. Then he returned to the prison cell of Kamsa in Mathura, closing all the doors and clamping on his chains so that the demon king Kamsa would not suspect anything. Mother Yashoda had had a difficult child birth and afterwards she had immediately fallen asleep. When she awoke in the morning to the sound of Krishna crying she just naturally thought that he had been born from her womb.
Now we shall return to Sri Keshava Gaudiya Math and after honoring maha prasad we shall take rest. Then we will be fully refreshed when we make our first steps in our parikrama tomorrow morning. Speaking of steps, all shoes should be left at home unless one’s feet are injured and under no circumstances should any leather sandals be worn. The correct way to do Sri Vraja Mandala Parikrama is to do it barefoot, in a humble state of mind, chanting the holy names of the Lord incessantly. If done in this way one’s efforts will quickly bear fruit. Gaura Premanandi!!!
Sri Keshava Gaudiya Math
Sri Keshava Gaudiya Math is named after the original deity of Keshavadeva, installed in Mathura by Lord Krishna’s great grandson, Vajranath. By the mercy of his guru, His Divine Grace Om Vishnupada 108 Sriman Bhagavan Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Goswami Prabhupada, my guru Srila Bhakti Prajnana Keshava Maharaja came to Mathura in 1954 leading a parikrama party through Sri Vraja Mandala during Kartik. We had with us about 500 devotees all thirsty for the nectar of Krishna katha.
At that time in Mathura there was some difficulty in finding places to stay because we had no math of our own here. My Gurudeva had wanted to establish a math in Mathura because Mathura was the capital and so it would be a very good location for preaching Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s message. We would preach in Hindi and form a solid base for preaching throughout north India. So after parikrama was over, Srila Gurudeva along with a small nucleus of devotees, myself included, began earnestly searching for a suitable place where a math could be established. At last this building we are presently in was found and arrangements were made to purchase it and Srila Gurudeva established a math here. Then l was ordered by Srila Gurudeva to remain here and develop a Hindi preaching program and maintain the math. Gradually after some time and effort our preaching bore fruit and many devotees began to fill our math. Sri Caitanya’s message was translated from Bengali to Hindi, and so many thousands and thousands of books were distributed. At that time Srila Gurudeva became very pleased and built this temple and installed Sri Sri Radha Binode Bihari, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Govardhana Giriraj. His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami the founding father of the International Society of Krishna Consciousness came to this math and stayed for some years before taking sannyasa from my Gurudeva, His Divine Grace Bhaktiprajnana Keshava Maharaj in September of 1959.
Srila Gurudeva named the temple Sri Keshava Gaudiya Math Keshavadeva is the original deity of Krishna in Mathura. So in honour and glory of Keshavadeva, Srila Gurudeva named this math Sri Keshava Gaudiya Math. Also Srila Gurudeva’s name was Keshava, Bhakti Prajnana Keshava Maharaja. So everything was very nice and, auspicious. Both devotee and Lord, bhakta and Bhagavan were fully satisfied here in the establishing of Sri Keshava Gaudiya Math. Gaura Premanandi!! Han!! Haribol!!!