Visceral Manipulation: Abdomen 1 (VM1) Pre-Study Material

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Visceral Manipulation: Abdomen 1 (VM1)

Pre-Study Material

The Visceral Manipulation: Abdomen 1 (VM1) course is the foundation for the

Visceral Manipulation workshop series.  In this course, you will get a solid introduction to the basic theories, principles and techniques of Visceral Manipulation.  At each subsequent level of the VM series more body areas will be covered and the techniques refined.  All levels of instruction include numerous practical and highly effective techniques that can be immediately incorporated into your present practice.
The emphasis for VM1 is on the development of very sensitive tactile abilities.  Visceral Manipulation requires palpation skills that are specific to this approach.  These abilities take time and practice to fully acquire.  Consequently, different levels of skills are taught in each course as the student progresses.  Instruction will focus on the ability to

distinguish the types and layers of visceral tissues.  You will gradually learn how to access deep layers of tissues with non-invasive skills and how to be precise in interpreting what is felt.

Techniques for identifying each individual structure and the accessible connective tissues are addressed.  Subjects also considered are:
1) distinguishing qualities of tissues such as tone, elasticity, distensibility, fibrosis (when present);

2) motion, mobility and motility; and

3) reactivity to stimulus and functional relationships with the rest of the body tissues. 
To help you learn these techniques, detailed anatomy and functional mechanics for each organ will be provided.
We will begin our VM study with the abdomen, since it is the most readily accessible of the major visceral cavities.  Included among the abdominal organs are the liver, stomach, gall bladder, biliary ducts, duodenum, small intestine and large intestine, and their respective interconnecting tissues. Subsequent levels include posterior abdominal organs, pelvic organs, thoracic organs and cranial viscera.
Evaluation tools introduced are general and local listening, motility listening, mobility testing, and inhibition techniques.  These tools are used to follow tensions to the strongest areas of stress throughout the body.  They are global and involve all of the systems and tissues of the body.  Techniques for isolating distinct areas of dysfunction (down to the distinct spot in the specific articular plane of the structure) and determining cause and effect between these different areas will be introduced.  Also at this time, the causative correlation from visceral restrictions to somatic dysfunction can be experienced and verified by each student.
The manipulations are local and very specific to discrete areas and planes of tissue dysfunction.  Specificity of these techniques are important since they form the building blocks for skills taught in latter courses that involve entire lesional chains.
We leave it up to each prospective student to assume responsibility for advance preparation; we cannot screen students for their level of readiness. You may, however, find yourself frustrated and left behind if you do not study before hand.  It is suggested that you read through the Visceral Manipulation text book and look up the terms for the following lists of terms and structures provided.  It is also recommended that you begin your study well in advance of the scheduled workshops to allow for unforeseen

interruptions and a comfortable learning pace.  We want this to be an interesting and intriguing educational experience for all of you.

The following is a list of terms and structures that are important in your preparation for this course.  In addition, referencing these terms and structures from good anatomical texts such as the current British Edition of Gray's Anatomy, Clemente's Anatomy and/or Netter's Atlas of Human Anatomy (available through The Barral Institute) are highly encouraged. 
1. Mobility and Motility (See Barral's text for specific context of these terms)

2. Peritoneum

3. Visceral Ligaments

4. Omentum

5. Mesentery

6. Diaphragm Crus

7. Liver

8. Glisson's Capsule

9. Coronary Ligament

10. Right and Left Triangular Ligaments

11. Falciform Ligament

14. Cardiac Sphincter

15. Stomach: Fundus of, Cardia of, Greater and Lesser, Curvature of

16. Pylorus

17. Pyloric Antrum

18. Omental Bursa

19. Gastrophrenic Ligament

20. Greater and Lesser Omentum

21. Hepatogastric Ligament

22. Hepatoduodenal Ligament

23. Duodenum

24. Retroperitoneal

25. Common Bile Duct

26. Sphincter of Oddi

27. Duct of Wirsung

28. Pancreas

29. Duodenojejunal Junction

30. Ligament of Treitz

31. Gall Bladder

32. Hepatic Ducts, Cystic Duct

33. Mesenteric Root

34. Small Intestine

35. Superior Mesenteric Artery and Vein

    Inferior Mesenteric Artery and Vein

36. Portal Vein

37. Terminal Ileum

38. Cecum

39. Iliocecal Valve

40. Ascending Colon

41. Phrenicocolic Ligaments

42. Transverse Colon

43. Transverse Mesocolon

44. Hepatic Flexure

45. Splenic Flexure

46. Descending Colon

47. Sigmoid Colon

48. Sigmoid Mesocolon

49. Autonomic Nervous System

50. Induction


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