(The Connecticut Compromise)
The Great Compromise settled the conflict over the issue of Representation.
Senate2 per state choosen by the lower houseUpper House Represented How members would be
House of Repres.Population for every 30,000 would equal 1
Representative per state and or 1 per state if less
Three Fifths Compromise Conflict: How should the slave population be counted?
Southern States Southern states wanted the slaves to be counted as population for representation even though they did not have rights under the Constitution
Northern States Didn’t believe that it was fair for the slaves to be counted for population
Compromise 3/5ths of the slaves population would count for representation and they would also have to pay federal taxes on the slaves. The South gained with representation and the North felt they gained because the South was paying taxes into the federal government for the representation
C. Commerce Compromise Conflict: How much control should the national government have over trade?
1. Federal or National Government’s Authority
2. Resolution of the tariff question
3. Provisions to protect the slave trade Congress was forbidden to tax exports and to
pass laws against slave trade for at least 20 years 4. Senate Majority required to enact Treaties of Commerce
Overview of the Constitution and Article I
The Legislative Branch
List six purposes of the Constitution. Form a perfect union, establish justice, secure the blessings of liberty, domestic tranquility, provide for defense, promote welfare
How many articles are included in the Constitution? 7
How many Amendments? 27
What powers are given Congress in Article I, Section I? All legislative powers
Article I, Section 2 organizes which House of Congress? House of Representatives
How long does a representative serve? 2 years
What are the qualifications for being a representative? 25 years old, citizen 7 years, inhabitant of the state chose.
How does a state determine how many representatives it may have? 1 for every 30,000 and each state has at least 1
The size of the House of Representatives is limited to how many members? It is not limited
Who is the leader of the House of Representatives?
Speaker of the House
What power does the House of Representatives have?
Sole power to impeach
Article I, section 3, organizes which House of Congress?
Each state has how many Senators?
How long does a Senator serve?
6 year terms
What are the qualifications for Senators?
30 years old, 9 years citizen of US, live in state elected
Who serves as President of the Senate?
Vice-President of US
What is the duty of the Senate President?
To break a tie vote/ Preside over Senate
Define impeachment. Which House impeaches? Which House tries?
House charges a government official of wrong doing, and the Senate acts as a court to decide if the official is guilty
Article I, Section 6 lists several restrictions and privileges for the congressmen. What are these restrictions and privileges?
1.) Compensation for their services
2.) Except for Treason, felony and Breach of the Peace
3.) Can’t be appointed to any civic office
How does a Bill become a law? Passes the House and Senate and then be presented to the President to be signed.
What is in Article I, section 8? Lists the powers given to Congress
Why is Article I, Section 8, clause 18 called the “elastic clause”? because it stretches to fit many different circumstances
List several powers denied congress. Writ of Habeas Corpus not suspended, no bill of attainder, ex post facto laws
List several powers denied the states. No state treaty’s, coin money, emit Bills of Credit
Where is the 3/5 Compromise incorporated in Article I? Section 2 Representation for the House of Representatives
At the time the Constitution was ratified, which state had the greatest population? VA with 10
How does the United States government resemble the British Parliament? 2 Houses and President
How is most business of the House of Representatives accomplished?
What are some special duties of the Senate? Sole House to try impeachment cases
What is a “Filibuster”? a member of the legislature who obstructs a bill by making long speeches.
What matters require a 2/3 majority vote from either or both houses of congress? Impeach votes, bills, appointments, approval
What was the purpose of the 20th Amendment? Change in dates for Presidential and Congressional terms in office
Why did the delegates to the Constitutional Convention create a government based on “Separation of Powers”? Why has this system been criticized?
To keep the government from becoming too powerful Keep government from getting work done
What is a federal system? A system of a union of states in which each member is subordinate to a central government
What is a strict constructionists? A loose constructionists? What are implied powers?
Strict Constructionists is someone who believes you should interpret the Constitution as is.
Loose Constructionist is someone who believes if it isn’t stated you can do it
Implied powers are not stated but which are implied and therefore can be used.
Article I, section 8, clause 11 gives Congress the power to declare war. However, on several occasions Presidents have conducted war without a formal declaration. What were these occasions? Vietnam, Tripolian War, Korean
Executive and Judicial Branches Name: _____________________
What is the duty of the Executive Branch? Enforce the laws
How long is a presidential term? 4 years
How do amendments 22 and 25 relate to the presidency? 2- term limit on President and deals with the president’s disability
How many possible votes in the electoral college and what do they represent? 538 Representatives
How does a state determine the number of electoral votes it has? Representation on population
How many electoral votes must a candidate win in order to become president?
In the rare case a candidate does not receive the required number of electoral votes, how is the election decided?
goes to the House of Representatives
List the three Constitutional requirements for the presidency.
35 years old, citizen of the US, 14 years resident in the US
List three Constitutional duties of the President.
Commander in Chief, State of the Union Address, Enforces laws, grants reprieves, pardons, makes treaties, appoints ambassadors and judges
List three duties or responsibilities the president has that are outside the Constitution.
Head of Political party, Nation’s spokes person, responsible for the economy
What is the duty of the Judicial Branch?
interpret the laws
What is Judicial Review? Why is it such an important power?
Power of the courts to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional
How are the Supreme Court Justices selected and how long do they serve?
By the President approved by the Senate and they serve for life
How many justices sit on the Supreme Court? Who presides over the Supreme Court?
9 Chief Justice
How does the Constitution define Treason?
Only in levying war against them, adhering to the enemies giving them aid and comfort
What are the three levels of courts in the federal system?