Virginia Plan New Jersey Plan



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Virginia Plan

New Jersey Plan


Author: James Madison

Author: William Patterson

Branches of Government

Legislative, Executive, Judicial

Branches of Government

Legislative

Structure of Legislative Branch

Bicameral Upper and Lower Houses

Structure of Legislative Branch

Unicameral


Representation of States

Based on population of the state

Representation of States

1 representative per state

Powers assumed by Federal Government

Tax States

Raise an army




CONSTITUTIONAL ERA


Place the following events of the Constitutional Era on the time line
Northwest Ordinance Treaty of Paris

Ratification of the Constitution Shay’s Rebellion

Constitutional Convention Land Ordinance of 1785

Ratification of the Articles of Confederation


1775 1780 1785 1790

II. Constitutional Convention

A. Leaders Attending George Washington


Alexander Hamilton
James Madison
Benjamin Franklin

B. Leaders Absent Thomas Jefferson (France)

John Adams (England)

III. Constitutional Compromises

Virginia Plan New Jersey Plan


The Great Compromise

(The Connecticut Compromise)
The Great Compromise settled the conflict over the issue of Representation.

Senate 2 per state choosen by the lower house Upper House Represented How members would be

choosen

Bicameral

House of Repres. Population for every 30,000 would equal 1
Representative per state and or 1 per state if less
Lower House

Three Fifths Compromise
Conflict: How should the slave population be counted?

Southern States Southern states wanted the slaves to be counted as population for representation even though they did not have rights under the Constitution



Northern States Didn’t believe that it was fair for the slaves to be counted for population

Compromise 3/5ths of the slaves population would count for representation and they would also have to pay federal taxes on the slaves. The South gained with representation and the North felt they gained because the South was paying taxes into the federal government for the representation




C. Commerce Compromise
Conflict: How much control should the national government have over trade?
Northern States

Southern States

Compromise:
1. Federal or National Government’s Authority
2. Resolution of the tariff question
3. Provisions to protect the slave trade Congress was forbidden to tax exports and to
pass laws against slave trade for at least 20 years

4. Senate Majority required to enact Treaties of Commerce

Overview of the Constitution and Article I

The Legislative Branch


  1. List six purposes of the Constitution. Form a perfect union, establish justice, secure the blessings of liberty, domestic tranquility, provide for defense, promote welfare



  2. How many articles are included in the Constitution? 7

    How many Amendments? 27





  3. What powers are given Congress in Article I, Section I? All legislative powers



  4. Article I, Section 2 organizes which House of Congress? House of Representatives



  5. How long does a representative serve? 2 years



  6. What are the qualifications for being a representative? 25 years old, citizen 7 years, inhabitant of the state chose.

  7. How does a state determine how many representatives it may have? 1 for every 30,000 and each state has at least 1

  8. The size of the House of Representatives is limited to how many members? It is not limited

  9. Who is the leader of the House of Representatives?
    Speaker of the House

  10. What power does the House of Representatives have?
    Sole power to impeach

  11. Article I, section 3, organizes which House of Congress?
    Senate

  12. Each state has how many Senators?
    2

  13. How long does a Senator serve?
    6 year terms

  14. What are the qualifications for Senators?
    30 years old, 9 years citizen of US, live in state elected

  15. Who serves as President of the Senate?
    Vice-President of US

  16. What is the duty of the Senate President?
    To break a tie vote/ Preside over Senate

  17. Define impeachment. Which House impeaches? Which House tries?
    House charges a government official of wrong doing, and the Senate acts as a court to decide if the official is guilty

  18. Article I, Section 6 lists several restrictions and privileges for the congressmen. What are these restrictions and privileges?
    1.) Compensation for their services
    2.) Except for Treason, felony and Breach of the Peace
    3.) Can’t be appointed to any civic office



  19. How does a Bill become a law? Passes the House and Senate and then be presented to the President to be signed.

  20. What is in Article I, section 8? Lists the powers given to Congress

  21. Why is Article I, Section 8, clause 18 called the “elastic clause”? because it stretches to fit many different circumstances



  22. List several powers denied congress. Writ of Habeas Corpus not suspended, no bill of attainder, ex post facto laws

  23. List several powers denied the states. No state treaty’s, coin money, emit Bills of Credit

  24. Where is the 3/5 Compromise incorporated in Article I? Section 2 Representation for the House of Representatives

  25. At the time the Constitution was ratified, which state had the greatest population? VA with 10

  26. How does the United States government resemble the British Parliament? 2 Houses and President

  27. How is most business of the House of Representatives accomplished?
    Committees

  28. What are some special duties of the Senate? Sole House to try impeachment cases

  29. What is a “Filibuster”? a member of the legislature who obstructs a bill by making long speeches.

  30. What matters require a 2/3 majority vote from either or both houses of congress? Impeach votes, bills, appointments, approval

  31. What was the purpose of the 20th Amendment? Change in dates for Presidential and Congressional terms in office

  32. Why did the delegates to the Constitutional Convention create a government based on “Separation of Powers”? Why has this system been criticized?
    To keep the government from becoming too powerful
    Keep government from getting work done

  33. What is a federal system? A system of a union of states in which each member is subordinate to a central government

  34. What is a strict constructionists? A loose constructionists? What are implied powers?
    Strict Constructionists is someone who believes you should interpret the Constitution as is.
    Loose Constructionist is someone who believes if it isn’t stated you can do it
    Implied powers are not stated but which are implied and therefore can be used.


  35. Article I, section 8, clause 11 gives Congress the power to declare war. However, on several occasions Presidents have conducted war without a formal declaration. What were these occasions? Vietnam, Tripolian War, Korean



Executive and Judicial Branches Name: _____________________





  1. What is the duty of the Executive Branch? Enforce the laws



  2. How long is a presidential term? 4 years



  3. How do amendments 22 and 25 relate to the presidency? 2- term limit on President and deals with the president’s disability



  4. How many possible votes in the electoral college and what do they represent? 538 Representatives



  5. How does a state determine the number of electoral votes it has? Representation on population



  6. How many electoral votes must a candidate win in order to become president?
    270

  7. In the rare case a candidate does not receive the required number of electoral votes, how is the election decided?
    goes to the House of Representatives

  8. List the three Constitutional requirements for the presidency.
    35 years old, citizen of the US, 14 years resident in the US

  9. List three Constitutional duties of the President.
    Commander in Chief, State of the Union Address, Enforces laws, grants reprieves, pardons, makes treaties, appoints ambassadors and judges

  10. List three duties or responsibilities the president has that are outside the Constitution.
    Head of Political party, Nation’s spokes person, responsible for the economy

  11. What is the duty of the Judicial Branch?
    interpret the laws

  12. What is Judicial Review? Why is it such an important power?
    Power of the courts to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional

  13. How are the Supreme Court Justices selected and how long do they serve?
    By the President approved by the Senate and they serve for life

  14. How many justices sit on the Supreme Court? Who presides over the Supreme Court?
    9 Chief Justice

  15. How does the Constitution define Treason?
    Only in levying war against them, adhering to the enemies giving them aid and comfort

  16. What are the three levels of courts in the federal system?

District Courts, Circuit Courts of Appeals, Various other courts

American History Quiz Name: ______________________



Checks and Balances


  1. Veto Laws

  2. Declare laws unconstitutional

  3. Refuse to ratify (accept) a presidential treaty

  4. Grant pardons and reprieves to federal offenders

  5. Impeach Supreme Court Justices

  6. Declare presidential acts unconstitutional

  7. Override a presidential veto

  8. Refuse to ratify an appointment to the Supreme Court

  9. Call special sessions of Congress

  10. Refuse to confirm presidential appointments


EXECUTIVE


LEGISLATIVE JUDICIAL
Directory: sites -> default -> files
files -> The United States and Post-Castro Cuba
files -> 9. 5 Political Powers and Achievements Tom Burns- beacon High School
files -> Indiana Academic Standards Resource Guide World History and Civilization Standards Approved March 2014
files -> Women in Slavery and the Fight for Social Freedoms
files -> How to Place Slavery into British Identity
files -> Title Publishing Format / Length
files -> Oh Freedom! Teaching African American Civil Rights Through American Art at the Smithsonian
files -> Eastern State Penitentiary Historic Site’s interpretation of Al Capone’s cell, c. 2013. Al Capone Approved Source for Tour Content Developed by Annie Anderson May 2013 Draft 2 For Web Guiding questions
files -> Dr amanda wise & dr jan ali commonwealth of Australia 2008

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