1. Land ownership in England differed from land ownership in the American colonies. What was the biggest difference?
Land was more available in the colonies so more colonists were landowners. In England, only one in ten persons owned land; in New England, nine out of ten people were land owners.
2. Why did England not exercise strict control over the American colonies in the beginning?
England did not exercise strict control over the colonies because it did not want to stifle the colonial economic growth.
3. Why did England want the American colonies to help pay the war debt incurred from the French and Indian War?
England thought the colonies should help pay the debt because British troops which were supplied to the colonies expelled the French from North America.
4. What did the Stamp Act of 1765 require?
The Stamp Act of 1765 required that every piece of paper sold in the colonies -- pamphlets to playing cards -- have a revenue stamp. This revenue stamp could only be obtained by paying tax on that item.
5. Why did British Commander Gage send 800 troops to Concord, Massachusetts?
Gage sent troops to Concord to capture the weapons, ammunition and supplies stored there by the Massachusetts Militia.
7. Why did the British maintain their formations, which made them easy targets, as they marched back to Boston after the Battle of Lexington and Concord.
According to historians, the British stayed in their formations as they marched back to Boston because they believed it kept their military strength intact.
8. Why did General Gage want a frontal assault on Breed's Hill?
General Gage ordered a frontal assault on Breed's Hill to reassert the superiority of the British regular troops over the colonial militia.
9. What did the Battle of Breed's Hill prove to the colonists?
The Battle of Breed's Hill proved that the colonial militia could fight like an army and withstand the British Army in formal battle.
10. Who were the five members of the committee formed by the Continental Congress to write a declaration of independence and who created the first draft?
The five members of the committee asked to write a declaration of independence were Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, John Adams, Robert Livingston and Thomas Jefferson. Thomas Jefferson created the first draft.
11. Where did Thomas Jefferson get some of the ideas for the Declaration of Independence?
Thomas Jefferson borrowed some of the ideas in the Declaration of Independence from George Mason and John Locke.
12. How did George Washington remind the Continental Congress of his military experience?
Washington dressing in the uniform that he had worn during the French and Indian War.