1. How did the Spanish settle the city of San Marcos in the early 1600s?
This area in Mexico was originally populated by nomadic tribes who were very hostile to the Spanish. The Spanish settled the city of San Marcos by bringing in more friendly Indians from settled parts of Mexico.
2. Who was Osvaldo Barra? Describe one of his accomplishments.
Osvaldo Barra was a disciple, or student, of the Mexican painter Diego Rivera. He painted a 50-foot-long and 12-foot-high mural depicting the history of the city and the Festival of San Marcos.
3. How did the tradition of bullfighting begin in Mexico?
The tradition of bullfighting came from Spain. The conquistadors, or Spanish soldiers, would use bullfighting as a means of practicing for war.
SEGMENT TWO: CANADA
4. Why was Edmonton called the "Gateway to the North"?
Edmonton was called the "Gateway to the North" because thousands flocked to it on their way to "strike it rich" in the gold mines of the Klondike.
5. What would the Native Americans acquire in exchange for their fur pelts?
The Native Americans would trade their pelts for tokens. They would then go to the trade room and exchange the tokens for supplies such as guns and any type of metal to make strong tools and weapons.
6. How did the train help open Canada's frontiers?
The train helped to open Canada's frontiers by providing a fairly fast (seven to eight days) and comfortable mode of transportation to Canada's west coast. Before the railroad, people had to travel by foot, horseback, wagon and boat.
SEGMENT THREE: WYOMING
7. What two national parks are near Jackson, Wyoming?
8. What did Native Americans and fur trappers do at the Mountain Man Rendezvous back in the 1800s?
At the Mountain Man Rendezvous in the 1800s, the Native Americans and fur trappers traded their furs for needed supplies and basic necessities such as guns and knives.
9. How did the rodeo probably originate?
The rodeo probably originated as a competition between cowboys in skills such as horseback riding and cattle roping, which they used on the job.
SEGMENT FOUR: NEW MEXICO
10. Why is New Mexico an ideal place to hold the largest powwow in the world?
New Mexico is the ideal place to hold the largest powwow in the U.S. because Native Americans consider it "neutral ground." The 19 traditional pueblos of New Mexico have always welcomed any and all tribes to their land.
11. What is the purpose of a powwow?
The purpose of a powwow is to participate in, practice, and teach the traditions of the Native Americans. The participants learn traditional songs and dance. They feel good and learn about themselves.
12. Why is "The Pit," or arena in which the powwow is held, built into the ground?
"The Pit," or arena in which the powwow is held, is built into the ground because Native Americans believe that life originated in the ground. Therefore, dancing in Mother Earth is very sacred.
13. Why is wearing an eagle feather a great honor to Native Americans?
Wearing an eagle feather is a great honor to Native Americans because they believe that the eagle is a messenger, and its feathers are sacred. The feathers guide, protect and give strength to the wearer. One must earn the right to wear an eagle feather by accomplishing a noble deed.