Instructions: Put each of the section into your own words. Use highlighters to find the main ideas.
Point: Immigration is Good for the Canadian Economy
Immigration is Bad for the Canadian Economy
Canada’s liberal immigration system serves the demographic, economic and social interests of the country and is the foundation of Canada’s identity and global competitiveness. Canada should uphold its open-door policy for immigrants, sponsored family members and refugees at the target level of 250,000 newcomers each year.
Canadian officials have often subscribed to the misconception that immigration can help resolve various economic problems, but this is not always the case. If immigration is not carefully planned to meet specific needs such as labour, it can worsen the Canadian economy.
Canada’s immigration system reinforces Canada’s diverse identity and is the basis for its global economic competitiveness.
Immigration if mismanaged can worsen Canada’s economy.
Since the first mass recruitment of immigrants to Canada in the early twentieth century, immigration has contributed immeasurably to the country’s demographic and socio-economic development. The separation of short-term labour needs from immigration policy in 1982 was a positive step for immigration in Canada. Canada’s current immigration policy helps build the long-term human capital base of the country at a time when the native-born population is shrinking and the labour force is aging rapidly. In addition, the linguistic and cultural diversity of recent immigrants is an invaluable resource in an era of globalized trade, and contributes to the vibrancy of Canada’s multicultural identity. Furthermore, Canada’s liberal immigration and refugee policies are a source of national pride and international admiration. Canada should therefore continue to attract young, skilled immigrants while simultaneously minimizing barriers to their integration into the workforce.
Canada’s immigration policy needs to be re-examined to take into account changes in the twenty-first century labour market. In the twentieth century, immigration was an important economic stimulus; immigrants contributed to the development of the west, and filled in demographic gaps in the 1950s and 1960s. However, overpopulation in certain areas is causing environmental, economic, and social problems. Some Canadian officials assert that immigration will help resolve various economic woes, help fill the labour gap as more Canadians retire, and counter the country’s low birth rate. Yet, a June 2007 Statistics Canada labour force projection report found that higher immigration levels would only marginally improve the declining labour force situation.
Paraphrase of Summary
Since the early 20th century, immigration has greatly added to Canada’s development. Changes in 1982 has allowed for long-term economic gains just as Canada’s birthrate has begun to shrink. Also, in the time of globalization, Canada benefits from immigrations support of its diverse culture. Canada’s immigration has gained international respect and should continue to attract young skilled workers.
Canada’s immigration policy does not meet the needs of the 21st century workforce. It has led to overpopulation in certain areas. This has made for environmental, economic and social problems. Canada has economic problems like with the baby boomers retiring and its low birthrate. Yet there are reports saying rising immigration will do little to Canada’s workforce problems.
Key Vocabulary: Use your smartphone technology to define key terms.
What words do you need to define in order to understand the reading?
Canadians have received long-term economic and social benefit. Economically, immigrants have helped to offset Canada’s retiring baby boomers and its low birthrate. Socially, diverse immigrants have reinforced Canada's national identity while becoming a resource in the globalized era of the 21st century.
Given that Canada’s immigrants choose to overpopulate Canada’s three big cities, they create problems. Economically, they have not moved to where employers most need them. Socially, they struggle to integrate with mainstream society as they often choose to segregate into their ethnic communities. Environmentally, they burden large cities with additional waste.
In your informed opinion, does Canada’ immigration policy adequately meets the needs of Canadians? Why?
It is true that Canada needs immigration to overcome the problems of the retiring baby boomers and our low natural birthrate however, it is hard to justify the additional costs facing Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver. New policies like, the Express Entry System may go a long way to alleviating these costs as economic immigrants are given a quicker route to Canada if they already have guaranteed employment. This should in theory, lead to immigrants better integrating throughout Canada as they live where the work thus allowing Canada’s immigration policies to live up to their promise. I