Round 10—Questions by Matt C. of Iowa St. (edited for gentleness by CB)
1) He spent WWII in India after his father had been killed in the invasion of Singapore, and later moved to England when his mother married a British army officer. Some of his works include the television drama Squaring the Circle, about Eastern Europe behind the Iron Curtain, and more recently, The Invention of Love, about A.E. Housman and his desire for a male student. He is also the author of several screenplays, getting an Oscar nomination, along with Terry Gilliam, for Brazil, and winning for Shakespeare in Love. FTP name this dramatist who earlier spoofed “The Bard” in the absurdist play Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead.
Answer: Tom Stoppard.
2) During his retirement at a monastery in Avila he was so afraid of being poisoned that he supposedly kept a unicorn’s horn handy as an antidote. Soon after his promotion to prior of Santa Cruz monastery he became confessor to Queen Isabella of Castille. He later staged the sham “LaGuardia” trial of eight converted Jews who were accused of crucifying a Christian child and burned at the stake, which encouraged the expulsion of the Jews from Spain. FTP name this First Grand Inquisitor.
Answer: Tomas de Torquemada.
3) Current artists active in this discipline include Alan Reade, Sharon Alward, Rachel Rosenthal and the group Peoplehater. One example of it is Yves Klein’s Anthropometries of the Blue Period in which three naked women doused in paint smeared paint on canvases with their bodies. Josef Beuys’ wonderful piece “How to Talk to a Dead Hare,” in which he paced about murmuring in German to a dead rabbit is also an example. FTP identify this art form usually done in front of small audiences, best exemplified by the group Fluxus and the “Happenings” of the 1960’s.
Answer: Performance Art. (prompt on “Happening” before it is mentioned).
4) It has virtually no fossil record although eggs from members of this phylum have often been found in Egyptian mummies and fossilized sloth dung. They are both triploblastic and bilaterally symmetrical, the first animals to be so. Its subdivisions include Planarians, and all members respire by diffusion. The most famous members of the classification are flukes and tapeworms. FTP identify this phylum commonly known as flatworms.
Answer: Platyhelminthes (prompt on flatworm).
5) During the Spanish Civil War he attended an anti-fascist writers’ convention in Valencia, while his stays in France in the 40s and India in the 60s led him to experimentation with surrealist and Hindu styles. He wrote essays about Duchamp and Sor Juana and his poetry includes the long work Sun Stone addressed to the planet Venus and the collection Eagle or Sun? about the Aztecs. Arguing that poetry is “the secret religion of the modern age,” FTP name this Mexican writer, author of The Labyrinth of Solitude and winner of 1990 Nobel Prize.
Answer: Octavio Paz.
6) His epithets included “Poised,” “Sober,” and “Clear-Headed,” which is similar to the way he is depicted as a man “centered in the sphere of common duties,” who, by “slow prudence” will make “mild/ A rugged people,” by a Victorian poet. He aids the seer Theoclymenus, befriends Pisastratus, the son of Nestor, and after a failed ambush attempt is called “a clever little schemer” by Antinous. He received a mixing bowl from Menelaus and is immediately recognized by Helen during a trip in which he is guided by Athena, disguised as Mentor. FTP name this hero whose name means “Far Battle,” the son of Odysseus.
7) Written in vernacular Italian instead of Latin, it is divided into four days. The last contains a theory of tidal motion and the third contains an argument about whether or not the 1572 supernova was sub-lunar. On the first day sunspots are mentioned and on the second day a new physics, involving a proto concept of inertia, is put forth by Salviati to persuade his interlocutors, Sagredo and Simplicio, about the merits of the Copernican theory over Ptolemaic theory. FTP identify this 1632 work of Galileo.
Answer: A Dialogue on the Two Principle World Systems or A Dialogue Concerning the Two Principle World Systems. (or “Chief” for Principle).
8) With his wife, this man had two daughters, both given the feminine form of his patronym; the older one was grandmother to Nero, while the younger, married to Drusus, was mother to Claudius. Born in Egypt, he served under Julius Caesar in Gaul and was serving as consul when Caesar was murdered. He then allied himself with Octavian and cemented that relationship by marrying Octavian’s sister. The two were later joined by Lepidus in the Second Triumvirate. FTP name this Roman perhaps best known for his relationship with Cleopatra VII.
A. Marc Antony (acc. Marcus Antonius)
9) Left unfinished at the author’s death, it ends with the title hero’s confrontation with a ghost while staying with Henry and Adeline Amundeville. Earlier the hero had befriended Catherine the Great, been sold into slavery by Lambo, a Greek pirate, and had been bought by Gulbeyaz, the Turkish Sultan’s wife. However, the most rousing part of this work may be the “Dedication” which accuses Coleridge of being an obscure metaphysician and insults the sexual prowess of poet laureate Bob Southey. FTP name this long poem by Byron named for the titular legendary lover.
Answer: Don Juan* (*pronounced Joo-on as it rhymes with “new one”—but accept “wan”)
10) First given its name in an 1822 paper by William Conybeare and William Phillips, this period saw the replacement of lobe-fin fish with sharks as well as the development of the amniote egg, which led to the appearance of reptiles. The southern Appalachians were formed with the collision of Euramerica and Gondwanaland, and the lands were overgrown with trees and swamps, producing the largest abundance of oxygen ever in the atmosphere. In North America it is divided into the Pennsylvanian and Mississippian periods. FTP identify this geologic Period occurring 260-290 million years ago between the Devonian and Permian and named for its rich deposits of coal.
Answer: Carboniferous Period.
11) A native of Dubuque, Iowa, he was the subject of the Bob Woodward biography Frazzled. He had a brief stay in the Betty Ford clinic after joining the Rajnesshee cult and used a relationship with Jeane Kirkpatatrick to sell secrets to Russia. His occupations included televangelist, lead-singer for the band Deathtongue and two-time Presidential candidate for the Meadow Party. He also dated the Clinton’s cat Socks and had Donald Trump’s brain transplanted into his body. FTP identify this character whose most prevalent words are “Oop-Ack,” the best-friend of Opus and the unkempt feline star of Berke Breathed’s Outland and Bloom County.
Answer: Bill the Cat or Bill D. Cat.
12) In Chapter 24 of Smollet’s Roderick Random Mr. Thomson saves the title character from this practice while James Fenimore Cooper rails against it in Afloat and Ashore. Although not officially abolished it has not been practiced much since it reached its height during the Napoleonic Wars. The Nicholson Non-Importation Act and the Embargo Act of 1807 were U.S. retaliations against its use on American citizens the most famous incident of which occurred after the Leopard fired on the Chesapeake. FTP identify this action, one of the causes of the War of 1812, the forcible recruitment a person into naval service.
Answer: Impressment (accept Press Gangs or Pressment).
13) James Butcher recently led a research team which updated this test for by taking out specific references to Christianity and adding three new validity scales. The first edition was developed in the late 1930s by Hathaway and McKinley and consisted of six hundred true-false questions. It had three validity scales and ten clinical scales, which included Hypochondriasis and Schizoprenia. FTP identify this most frequently used test of adult psychotherapy named for the university where it was developed, home to sports teams called the Golden Gophers.
Answer: MMPI or Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (accept MMPI-2).
14) To the south west of this city lies a Sarcee Indian Reserve and Nose Hill Park takes up much of its Northern Section. Gilmore Reservoir is located in the south and the Elbow and Bow rivers converge near its center. Founded in 1875 and originally named Fort Brisbois, it nearly doubled in size during the late 1970s as a result of an oil boom. It is home to the world-famous rodeo event –The Stampede--and it played host to the 1988 Winter Olympics. FTP identify this largest city in Alberta, located 300 kilometers south of Edmonton.
15) A graduate of Princeton, he is one of the few members of the Bush cabinet with real military experience, having been a Navy pilot from 1954-57. He served as a congressman from Illinois from 1962-1969 before joining Nixon’s cabinet as Assistant to the President; ironically, on his tapes Nixon called this man an “annoying peacenik” for his attitude toward the Vietnam War. In October this baseball fan chided reporters for wanting to discuss military casualties in Iraq rather than “what’s really important”—the Cubs’ playoff run. FTP name this current Secretary of Defense.
Answer: Donald Rumsfeld
16) Because its production rate has been measured in proton-proton collisions Olivier Drapier believes that a suppression in its production could indicate the presence of Quark-Gluon Plasma. It was detected at Brookhaven by Samuel Ting when, after bombardment of a stationary target, a peak in electron and positron production was detected at an energy of 3.1 billion electron volts. On the same day in 1974, however, another group led by Burton Richter detected it and gave it a different name leading to its double identification. FTP identify this meson composed of a charm quark and charm antiquark.
Answer: J/psi particle or J particle or psi particle.
17) Pencil and paper may be needed! For ten tasty math points, what is the value of the inverse sine of the sine of the quantity two pi over three.
Answer: Pi over three
18) Five out of this artist’s eight sons became painters and his brother, Dirk, was a skilled painter of interior scenes. He was among the first to use alla prima, the technique of painting directly on a canvas. Spending most of his later years in financial troubles his compositions became more dour as evidenced by The Women Regents of the Old Men’s Home at Haarlem. He was a master of group portraiture and with instinctive and rapid brushstrokes was adept at capturing momentary facial expressions. FTP name this Dutch portraitist of The Archers of Saint Hadrian and The Laughing Cavalier.
Answer: Franz Hals.
19) His Heroides are a series of fictional love letters in verse written between famous mythological characters, like Paris and Helen. After being exiled by Augustus to Tomi on the Black Sea, he wrote many poetic supplications for return, which were collected in the Epistulae ex Ponto. Author also of Ars Amatoria, or the Art of Love, FTP who is this Roman poet best known for his Metamorphoses?
A. Ovid (Publius Ovidius Naso)
20) This scientist, born in 1859, pioneered the idea of activation energy, and his namesake law is essential in the field of chemical kinetics. He propelled the introduction of an empirical factor to Van’t Hoff’s law with his dissociation theory which argued that ions are the means of electolysis. However, he may be best known for his concept of acids as hydrogen ion formers and bases as hydroxide ion formers. FTP identify this Swedish chemist.
Answer: Svante August Arrhenius.
Valencia Fall Invitational—Round 10 boni
Bonus 1: Identify the countries of which the following people are leaders 5-5-10-10
A. (5 pts.) Gerhard Schroeder Answer: Germany
B. (5 pts.) Vincente Fox Answer: Mexico
C. (10 pts.) Luiz Lula da Silvio Answer: Brazil
D. (10 pts.) Anders Fogh Rasmussen Answer: Denmark (uber alles!)
Bonus 2: Identify the films featuring that great thespian Clea Duvall.
A. In this cheesy 1999 film Clea is one of the lesbians at Catherine Moriarty’s True Directions camp who falls in love with Natasha Lyonne.
B. Clea portrays Stokely Mitchell the sci-fi geek who reveals that the movie is a rip-off of Invasion of the Bodysnatchers in this Robert Rodriguez film co-starring Famke Jannsen, Elijah Wood, and Josh Hartnett.
Answer: The Faculty.
C. In this 2001 horror flick Clea is Bashira Kincaid one of the cops who has to fight off possessed minors and bring outlaw Ice Cube to justice. The upside is that Natasha Henstridge kicks some ass and Pam Grier gets decapitated.
Answer: John Carpenter’s Ghosts of Mars.
Bonus 3: Keats works from clues FTPE.
A. Beginning “My heart aches, and a drowsy numbness pains my sense,” this poem addresses the titular bird.
Answer: Ode to a Nightingale
B. This poem is perhaps the best of the femme fatale genre. A “wretched knight/Alone and palely loitering” relates how he comes to be sitting on a “cold hill side” after the beautiful but merciless title character has abandoned him.
Answer: La Belle Dame Sans Merci.
C. Keats wonders aloud where are the “songs of spring” in this poem addressing the title season, a time of harvest.
Answer: To Autumn.
Bonus 4: Identify the group of stars on the H-R diagram from descriptions FTPE.
A. The region containing 85% of all stars goes diagonally across the chart from hot and luminous to cool and dim. Stars in this evolutionary stage are consuming hydrogen in their core.
Answer: Main Sequence.
B. This group is located on the lower left of the diagram. Stars categorized as this type are hot and dim and thus also very small and dense.
Answer: White dwarf.
C. This subsection of the diagram most prominent in Globular clusters contains stars which are burning helium in their cores and hydrogen in their shells. Their name derives from the fact that they evolve across the diagram at nearly constant luminosities.
Answer: Horizontal Branch Stars.
Bonus 5: Identify stuff about the Minoan civilization.
A. This island was home to the ancient Minoans.
B. This is the location of the largest of the Minoan palaces which probably was at its height between 1700 and 1400 B.C. Its labyrinth structure recalls the myths of Daedalus and the Minotaur.
C. Much of what we know about Minoan Civilization comes from investigations made by this British archaeologist.
Answer: Arthur Evans.
Bonus 6: Characters in Macbeth FTPE.
A. This Thane of Fife kills Macbeth.
B. This guy is with Macbeth when he encounters the three witches and is told his sons will rule Scotland, so Macbeth has him killed.
C. Macbeth also kills this king of Scotland.
A. Duncan Bonus 7: Identify stuff about a kind of virus FTPE.
A. This is a type of RNA virus which, by means of the reverse transcriptase enzyme, reproduces itself by transcribing into DNA rather than RNA.
B. This sub-category of retro-viruses is the cause of progressive degenerative diseases is best exemplified by AIDS.
Answer: Lentivirus or Lentivirinae.
C. Like all viruses, retroviruses have this outer covering surrounding its nucleic information.
Answer: capsid Bonus 8: Identify the figures involved in the tumultuous year of 1848.
A. 1848 revolutions were a reaction to and end of this the era named for this conservative Austrian statesman and architect of the Carlsbad Decrees and balance of power following the Congress of Vienna.
Answer: Clemens von Metternich.
B. This revolutionary led Hungary’s independence movement from the Austrian Empire. After it was suppressed with Russian help he fled to Turkey and later died in Italy.
C. This king of France was overthrown in 1848, leading to the creation of the Second Republic.
Answer: Louis Philippe Bonus 9: Identify the Hebrew/Jewish texts or authors from clues FTPE.
A. Also known as the Pentateuch, these first five books of the Bible were supposedly taught to the Jews by Moses after he brought them down from Sinai. They end on the word “Israel.”
B. This is the codified collection of Jewish oral law. It was compiled of the Tannaim and together with the Gemara it makes up the Talmud.
C. The commander of Galilee in the war against Vespasian whom he later befriended, this mans’ writings, including The Jewish War and Antiquities of the Jews, are the best source on early Jewish history.
Bonus 10: Steinbeck works from clues FTPE.
A. The Joad family moves from dust-bowl Oklahoma to California in this 1940 Pulitzer Prize winner.
Answer: The Grapes of Wrath.
B. Lee Chong, Dora Flood, Mack and Hazel are characters in this 1945 novel set in Monterrey, California which culminates with a birthday party for Doc, a young marine biologist.
Answer: Cannery Row.
C. This novel focuses on the sibling rivalry between Cal and Aron Trask.
Answer: East of Eden
Bonus 11: Answer the following about a certain philosopher FTPE.
A. Also a mathematician and formulator of the first law of atmospheric pressure, this thinker’s eponymous “wager” posits a logical reason to believe in god.
A. Blaise Pascal
B. Appearing in its entirety only after Pascal’s death, this large work of his fragments of an apology for Christianity is likely his best known work.
A. Pensees (Pohn-say; acc. “Thoughts” grudgingly)
C. Pascal was a convert to this Protestant offshoot that was centered in Port-Royal.
Bonus 12: Answer questions about the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
A. This body of water separates Lake Huron and Lake Michigan and thus the UP from the rest of Michigan.
Answer: Straits of Mackinac.
B. At around 20,000 people this city which is home to Northern Michigan University and Presque Isle Point Park is the largest in the UP; gratuitous hint: it shares its name with a private university in Milwaukee.
C. This is the only Interstate Highway on the UP. It begins in Sault Ste. Marie and eventually ends in southwestern Florida.
Answer: Interstate 75.
Bonus 13: Identify these dudes who killed dragons FTPE.
A. This Sumerian deity killed the sky dragon Tiamat.
B. This English patron saint is often depicted slaying a dragon.
Answer: St. George
C. This hero dies from a wound he receives after killing a dragon, despite the ministrations of his friend Wiglaf.
Answer: Beowulf Bonus 14: Gas laws from clues FTPE.
A. This law states that the effusion rate of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of the molar mass of its constituent particles
Answer: Graham’s law of effusion.
B. This law states that for a combination of gases in a container the total pressure exerted will be equal to the sum of the pressures that each gas exerts if it were by itself.
Answer: Dalton’s law of partial pressure.
C. It states that the quantity of gas a dissolved in a solution is directly proportional to the pressure of the gas above that solution. It does not apply if the gas and the solvent undergo a chemical reaction.
Answer: Henry’s Law.
Bonus 15: Stuff from Truman’s first term FTPE.
A. This 1947 bill created the CIA, merged the departments of war and the navy to form the Department of Defense and separated the Air Force from the Army.
Answer: National Security Act (of 1947).
B. The Truman Doctrine’s policy of containment found the most success in this country where U.S. aid helped the Democratic EDES defeat the Communist EAM-ELAS in a civil war which had been ongoing since Nazi occupation.
Answer: Greece or Hellas. (Moderator: complement the team of they actually answer “Hellas).
C. This bill, passed over Truman’s veto, nearly negated the New Deal Wagner Act by making closed shops illegal and allowing the president to call a “cooling off” period if strikes could threaten national safety.
Answer: Taft-Hartley Act or Labor-Management Relations Act of 1947.
Bonus 16: Identify these works by a guy whose name in English would be “Joe Green” FTPE.
A. This Giussepi Verdi opera’s title character is a humpbacked dwarf ends up being responsible for his daughter’s death.
B. This Verdi work concerns Violetta and her sad and dramatic death from TB.
Answer: La Traviata
C. Containing the famous “Anvil Chorus,” this work focuses on Manrico, a singer.
Answer: Il Trovatore
Bonus 17: Answer the following about a 17th-century epic poem for 5-10-15.
A. (5 pts.) Written to “justify the ways of God to man,” this John Milton work explores the rebellion of Lucifer, “the brightest angel in all of heaven.”
A. Paradise Lost
B. (10 pts.) This second in command in Hell, the Lord of the Flies, is the one who proposes to Satan to seduce humans to join the cause of the fallen Angels.
C. (15 pts.) After Gabriel’s assistant angels fail to prevent Satan from tempting Eve, God sends this other archangel to warn Adam and Eve not to be curious.
Bonus 18: Stuff about Superconductivity FTPE.
A. In 1911 Karnerlingh Onnes first discovered superconductivity in this element by dropping its temperature to 4.2 Kelvin.
B. Three men shared the 1972 Physics Nobel for this theory which explained classical superconductivity by asserting that at very low temperatures electrons in a current move in pairs eliminating scattering and thus eliminating electrical resistance.
Answer: BCS or Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer.
C. In 1987 Bednorz and Muller observed superconductivity in this type of ceramic at temps as high as 90 K. It is composed of copper, oxygen, an alkaline earth metal and a lanthanide metal, for example yttrium-barium-copper oxide.
Bonus 19: Ancient Egyptian Kings and Queens from clues, FTPE.
A. Known for his plethora of monuments this king reigned sixty-seven years from 1292-1225 B.C.E. He fought the Battle of Kadesh to a draw with the Hitties and was probably the pharaoh of Exodus.
Answer: Ramses II. (Also accept Ozymandias, his Greek name).
B. This woman whose extant bust has given her a reputation as one of the great beauties of antiquity was the wife of Akhenaton for the first twelve years of his rule and was also the aunt of Tutankhamen.
C. Called the Napoleon of Ancient Egypt he fought 16 successful campaigns including his 1469 victory at Megiddo. His mother Hatshepsut was the actual ruler for much of his early reign.
Answer: Thutmose III or Thothmes III.
Bonus 20: Identify the characters from Russian literature, FTPE.
A. The religious nature of the twenty-five poems written by this character and placed at the end of his eponymous novel angered Soviet authorities as much as his anti-Marxist discussions with his Uncle Kolya.
Answer: Doctor Zhivago or Yury Andreyevich Zhivago.
B. One of the first superfluous men, this title character of a verse novel spurns the love of Tatyana, kills the poet Lensky in a duel, and later tries to win back Tatyana but she rebukes him.
Answer: Eugene Onegin or Yevgeny Onegin.
C. This protagonist of an 1862 novel is a nihilist and a foil for Pavel Petrovich Kersanov the uncle of his friend Arkady.