During World War I, conscientious objectors to military service were often accused of disloyalty, and some conscientious objectors were sentenced to prison. However, other conscientious objectors were willing to accept noncombatant service.
The assignment of conscientious objectors to noncombatant service was an attempt by the government to
Promote ethnic diversity within the military
Educate people about their constitutional rights
Balance individual rights and the common good
Encourage people to apply for conscientious objector status
During World War I, two revolutions took place in Russia while Russia was at war with Germany. Vladimir Lenin, leader of the Bolshevik Revolution said:
“There can be no doubt that our army is absolutely in no condition…to beat back a German offensive successfully…”
The excerpt above could be used to support the thesis that
Lenin had few skills as a military leader
Russia shared in the responsibility for World War I
Lenin believed that Russia should withdraw from World War I
The Bolshevik Revolution had the support of the Russian army
Which of the following reasons created the spark that started World War I?
The growth of military power
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Among President Wilson’s Fourteen Points was a proposal to
Disarm all major powers
Form a League of Nations
Create an alliance with Germany
Make Great Britain repay their war debts
In March 1918, Russian Lenin signed a treaty with Germany surrendering the Ukraine, Finland, Poland and other territories to Germany. In doing so, Russia ended its participation in World War I. What effect did Russia’s move have on the war?
It had no effect on the war
It created obstacles for Germany
It reinforced Russia’s alliance with the Allies
It allowed Germany to transfer troops to France.
Though Wilson was able to convince European leaders of the value of the League of Nations, to his great disappointment, the plan caused great dissension in Congress. Massachusetts senator Henry Cabot Lodge stated, “I have loved but one flag and I cannot share that devotion and give affection to the mongrel banner invented for a league.”
One of the causes of World War I was the nations of Europe had aligned into two alliance systems. Which of the following combination of nations comprised the Triple Alliance?
France, Great Britain, and Russia
Germany, Great Britain, and Russia
Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Italy
Austria-Hungary, France, and Italy
One major result of World War I was
A victorious Germany
A revolution in Russia
A defeated France
A revolution in Great Britain
The international organization created to preserve the peace after World War I was the
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Organization of American States
League of Nations
The main purpose of President Wilson’s Fourteen Points at the end of World War I was to
Assist the leaders of Europe to gain additional territory at Germany’s expense
Assure peace in the future by not treating Germany as a vanquished nation
Divide Germany into several parts so it would not be a threat in the future
Gain reparations from Germany to help pay for the cost of the war
Which term is defined largely by feelings of intense patriotism?
Congress voted to declare war on Germany for several reasons. Which of these did NOT contribute to Congress’s decision to declare war on Germany?
The Zimmerman note
Shared German ancestry
The sinking of the Lusitania
Germany’s submarine warfare
Woodrow Wilson came to the peace conference with one set of goals. Victorious European nations came with different goals. What was the primary goal of the British and French at the Versailles peace conference?
Permitting people in colonized areas to have the right to self-determination
Protecting the rights of national groups to associate with other national groups
Punishing Germany for starting the war and dividing its territory
Some historians call World War I the first industrial war. Several new technologies were developed for warfare. One of the most destructive new weapons used in WWI was
The atomic bomb
The fighter jet
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 set events in motion that led to World War I. However, no major war is ever caused by a single event. Another factor that contributed to the outbreak of World War I was
Laissez faire economics
The League of Nations
The Bolshevik Revolution
One of Woodrow Wilson’s most important goals after World War I was to establish a League of Nations. What was the main job of the League supposed to be?
Make it unnecessary for the United States to involve itself in international disputes
Provide a way for countries to resolve disputes between them without going to war
Maintain the world economic system so that colonies would no longer be necessary
Hold the nations of Europe responsible for the death and destruction of World War I
The Zimmerman note was a secret telegram sent by Germany to the leaders of Mexico. Why did the Zimmerman note cause outrage among Americans?
It revealed Mexico was getting ready to enter the war on the German side
It promised Mexico that Germany would help it reclaim territory in the U.S. if the United States entered the war against Germany
Zimmerman was passing American secrets to Germany with the help of Mexican leaders
The telegram contained secret messages sent by American leaders its commanders on European battlefields.
The Fourteen Points and the Atlantic Charter were both
Statements of post-war goals for establishing world peace
Plans of victorious nations to divide conquered territories
Military strategies for defeating enemy nations
Agreements between nations to eliminate further development of weapons
Which of the following was a reason for America NOT to fight in WWI?
The Zimmerman Note
Economic ties to Allies
Wilson’s 1916 Presidential Election
“The most stringent protection of free speech would not protect a man in falsely shouting fire in a theater and causing a panic.”
Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes
Which interpretation of the Bill of Rights does this statement illustrate?
The needs of the government are more important than civil liberties
Constitutional protections of liberty are not absolute
The Supreme Court can eliminate freedoms listed in the Bill of Rights
The Bill of Rights does not safeguard individual liberties
Many senators who opposed United States membership in the League of Nations argued that joining the League of Nations would
Involve the nation in future military conflicts
Reduce freedom of the seas
End the country’s free-trade policy
Endanger the nation’s military preparedness
During World War I, many American women helped gain support for the suffrage movement by
Protesting against the war
Joining the military service
Lobbying for childcare facilities
Working in wartime industries
Following World War I, the United States Senate refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles primarily because the treaty
Failed to include most of President Wilson’s Fourteen Points
Did not punish Germany for starting the war
Contained provisions that might lead the United States into foreign conflicts
Made no provision for reduction of military weapons.
One goal for a lasting peace that President Woodrow Wilson included in his Fourteen Points was
Establishing a League of Nations
Maintaining a permanent military force in Europe
Returning the United States to a policy of isolationism
Blaming Germany for causing World War I
During his reelection campaign in 1916, President Woodrow Wilson used the slogan, “He kept us out of war.” In April 1917, Wilson asked Congress to declare war on Germany. What helped bring about this change?
Bolshevik forces increased their strength in Germany and Italy
Britain was invaded by nations of the Central Powers
Russia signed a treaty of alliance with the Central Powers
Germany resumed unrestricted submarine warfare
A major reason the United States entered World War I was to