George III was born in 1738, first son of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Augusta.
married Charlotte in 1761
produced a fifteen children: nine sons and six daughters
was afflicted with porphyria, a maddening disease which disrupted his reign as early as 1765
several attacks strained his grip on reality, debilitating him in the last years of his reign (rule)
rule was given to his son George, the Prince Regent, in 1811
George III died blind, deaf and mad at Windsor Castle on January 29, 1820
7) Excerpt from http://www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/mon55.html:
“George's madness ultimately left the fate of the crown on his eldest son George, Prince Regent. Prince George was put in the daunting position of attempting to govern according to the increasingly erratic will of his father. A letter received by novelist E. M. Frostier from his aunt, Marine Thornton, describes the situation:
"... there he was sitting on the Throne with his King's Crown on, his robes scarlet and ermine(a white
coat with black at the tip of the tail ) and held his speech written out for him, just what he had to say.
But, oh dear, he strode up and made a bow and began "My Lords and Peacocks'. The people who were
not fond of him laughed, the people who did love him cried, and he went back to be no longer a king,
and his eldest son reigned in his stead".
B) The Proclamation of 1763
1) CAUSE: After the F & I War, GB faced many problems:
aa) (Question 1) How do we keep the Nat. Ams and Colonists from killing each
other in the frontier? (Turn to a neighbor and discuss.)
(Answer) Set a boundary that cannot be crossed.
bb)(Question 2)How do we keep the Colonists from moving westward w/out
permission? (Turn to a neighbor and discuss.)
(Answer)No Native American was to go past the Appalachian Mts. to the east, and
no colonist could go west past the App. Mts.
2) EFFECT: Colonists claimed this to be an act of tyranny (unjust use of govt. power).
aa) argued that lands east of the Apps. were already full of colonists
bb) they needed to expand for farming purposes
cc) said colonists could not move across the App Mts. w/out permission
dd) said the Proclamation of 1763 was too late
ee) settlers were already crossing the mts
3) RESULT: King George III = jacked up the number of Brit. soldiers in the colonies to 7,500
4) ECONOMICS: MONEY PROBLEMScaused a severe clash between the British govt. and
the colonists after the French and Indian War.
aa) British: wanted the colonists to help pay off the war debt
bb) wanted the natural resources that were in America
cc) the war made the colonists safe from the French and cost them little