Us history Pre-Exam Multiple Choice



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US History Pre-Exam
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. Who was the writer of the Declaration of Independence?

a.

Thomas Jefferson

c.

James Madison

b.

George Washington

d.

Benjamin Franklin

____ 2. Which of Wilson’s Fourteen Points, controversial in the United States, ultimately failed to pass the U.S. Senate?



a.

Freedom of the Seas

c.

Self-determination of nations

b.

Reduction of arms

d.

The League of Nations

____ 3. What economic impact did railroads have during the 1800’s?



a.

They decreaed exports

c.

They expanded national markets

b.

They ended support for Maifest Destiny

d.

They limited demand for land and resources

____ 4. Eli is a western frontiersman living in rural Missouri in 1822. Which of the following would Eli MOST likely support?



a.

Populism

c.

Tariffs

b.

Democracy

d.

Conservatism

____ 5. The European Union directly Impacts the United States in which of the following ways?



a.

militarily

c.

socially

b.

economically

d.

domestically

____ 6. In 1820, Congress passed a law regulating how slave states and free states would be admitted to the Union. It was meant to maintain the balance of power in Washington, DC. By what name was the law known?



a.

Civil Rights Act

c.

Monroe Doctrine

b.

Fugitive Slave Law

d.

Missouri Compromise

____ 7. What effect did overproduction have on farmers in the 1920’s?



a.

Farm prices rose because there was more to buy, thereby making farmers rich for a time

c.

Farm prices fell, causing farmers to struggle even prior to the Great Depression

b.

Farm production increased even more, and farmers prospered

d.

Farmers had to rely on President Coolidge’s price controls to survive

____ 8. The Hawley-Smoot Tariff, which was the largest tariff in American History, had what effect on the economy of the 1930’s?



a.

It helped, as more people bought American products

c.

It stayed the same

b.

It hurt, as other nations retaliated by refusing to buy American products

d.

None of the Above

____ 9. Which of the following legislative acts did the most to increase voting among African Americans?



a.

14th Amendmen

c.

Civil Rights Act of 1964


b.

15th Amendment

d.

Voting Rights Act of 1965


____ 10. What was the major contributor which caused the Dust Bowl of the 1930’s?



a.

Sustained drought


c.

Abandonment of farms


b.

The Great Depression


d.

Over-farming during WW1


____ 11. Which of the following individuals might be referred to as a “robber baron?”



a.

a train robber in the 1800s

c.

a capitalist businessman in the late 1800s

b.

a striking worker

d.

a politician at the beginning of the 20th century

____ 12. All of the following are true of the Democratic-Republican party EXCEPT:



a.

It was founded in opposition to the Federalist Party

c.

It was the party of Abraham Lincoln

b.

It was led by Thomas Jefferson

d.

It was supported by the common farmers of the South and West

____ 13. Which of the following African Americans founded the Tuskegee Institute believed that segregation was acceptable, and felt that African Americans would win the respect of whites if they learned a trade and gained economic independence?



a.

Frederick Douglous

c.

W.E.B. Dubois

b.

Booker T. Washington

d.

Martin Luther King Jr

____ 14. Which of the following was a RESULT of the civil rights movement?



a.

The election of John F. Kennedy

c.

The end of the KKK

b.

The 24th amendment, eliminating the Poll Tax

d.

The 26th amendment which gave 18 year olds the right to vote

____ 15. Which of the following encouraged the United States to go to war in 1917?



a.

the bombing of Pearel Harbor

c.

U-boat attacks on US ships

b.

isolationism

d.

a US alliance with Germany

____ 16. An economist during the 1930s who believed in deficit spending and direct intervention by governnment to deal with an economic depression would have been supportive of whihc of the following?



a.

the New Deal

c.

New Federalism

b.

trickle-down theory

d.

laissez-faire economics

____ 17. The sweeping legislative agenda that Franklin Roosevelt proposed to aid Americans during the Depression was called:



a.

The Fair Deal

c.

The Square Deal

b.

The New Deal

d.

The Great Society

____ 18. Andrew is very suspicious of a strong national government. He tends to favor the interest of southern landowners and favors few government regulations on businesses. He also opposes tariffs and believes that each state should pay its own debts after the American Revolution. Andrew is MOST likely a member of which party?



a.

Federalist

c.

Conservative

b.

Democratic-Republican

d.

New Democratic

____ 19. Which of the following events was a turning point in the Pacific theater of World War II?



a.

Invasion of Normandy

c.

Battle of San Juan Hill

b.

Battle of Midway

d.

Battle of New Orleans

____ 20. To address concerns that the Constitution failed to safeguard individual liberties, supporters of the Constitution promised the passage of:



a.

the Articles of Confederation

c.

the 14th Amendment

b.

the Bill of Rights

d.

the 19th Amendment

____ 21. Which of the following was an executive order that outlawed slavery in the South while still allowing slavery in states loyal to the Union?



a.

Three-fifths compromise

c.

Thirteenth Amendment

b.

Emancipation Proclamation

d.

The Lincoln Draft

____ 22. The Marshall Plann was part of a Cold War strategy meant to stop the spread of communism. The Marshall Plan’s main objective waas to provide which of the following?



a.

economic relief to help rebuild European nations

c.

nuclear weapons for use as defense

b.

military support to NATO allies

d.

political advisors to plot against communist countries

____ 23. To address concerns that the Constitution failed to safeguard individual liberties, supporters of the Constitution promised the passage of:



a.

the Articles of Confederation

c.

the 14th Amendment

b.

the Bill of Rights

d.

the 19th Amendment

____ 24. All of the following are true of the Battle of Britain EXCEPT:



a.

Nazi planes bombed major cities in England

c.

The British used early RADAR to detect incoming attacks

b.

The Nazis were very successful at killing many British civilians

d.

The British held on and won the long battle

____ 25. Which of the following was LEAST important in the construction of the Panama Canal?



a.

Lower cost transportation of goods from the east coast to the west coast

c.

Easier trade between China and the East Coast

b.

Greater naval mobility

d.

Profits from canal construction

____ 26. Which of the following military conflicts was the occasion for the War Powers Act to be passed?



a.

World War 1

c.

Civil War

b.

World War 2

d.

Vietnam War

____ 27. Which of the following was the largest and most active group of colonists who supported independence from Britain?



a.

The Sons of Liberty

c.

The Tories

b.

The Iroquois Nation

d.

The Federalists

____ 28. Which of the following statements would both President Lyndon Johnson and President Richard Nixon agreed?



a.

“States are limited in their capabilities. We must allow the federal government to regulate more in when it comes to social issues and education”

c.

“Communism is a threat to freedom, and the US must do all in its power to stop its spread”

b.

“Civil rights must take precedennce over any claim to property rights”

d.

“It is in the United States’ interest for its presidennt to recognize Mao’s government in China”

____ 29. Which of the following states would be considered in the Great Plains?



a.

New York

c.

Kansas

b.

Indiana

d.

California

____ 30. What has happened to American oil consumption in the 20th century?



a.

It increased steadily

c.

It stayed the same

b.

It decreased steadily

d.

It fluctuated (went drastically up and down)

____ 31. In contrast to early settlers in Virginia and many other parts of North America who came seeking financial gain, the earliest settlers in Massachusetts came from Britain seeking-



a.

Religious purity

c.

Advance in manufacturing

b.

Profitable trade with Spain

d.

Cleaner air

____ 32. What role did children often play in the US urban labor force at the beginning of the 20th century?



a.

They worked long hours for low pay

c.

They worked limited hours because of strict child labor laws

b.

They rarely worked because they were in school

d.

They were rarely hired because employers had to pay them a minimum wage

____ 33. Which Supreme Court Case established the power of the courts to declare a law unconstitutional?



a.

Marbury v. Madison

c.

Dred Scott v. Sanford

b.

McCulloch v. Maryland

d.

Plessy v. Ferguson

____ 34. What effect did new technology, increased mechanization, and mass production have on the US?



a.

People started saving more money than they had before the 1920’s

c.

The economy suffered because consumers did not yet trust innovative modes of production

b.

Businesses produced more at more affordable prices, helping the US to become a “consumer society”

d.

Businesses produced less, and inflation increased

____ 35. Which of the following was a cause supported by the conservative movement of the 1960s?



a.

civil rights

c.

property rights

b.

feminism

d.

direct relief

____ 36. Which one of the following statements would a fundamentalist opponent of John Scopes MOST AGREE with?



a.

“Science is not to be feared or thought ill of”

c.

Evolution is an evil lie! The Bible tells us where humans come from”

b.

“God must not exist. How would he with so much suffering in the world”

d.

Laissez-faire economics is immoral because it is oppressive

____ 37. In 1945-46, a number of Nazi leaders faced trial in Nuremburg, Germany, and were sentenced to death. They were convicted largely because of their role in supporting the



a.

boming of Pearl Harbor

c.

Holocaust

b.

attacks on neutral ships by U-boats

d.

executions of anti-communists

____ 38. "A policy of isolation did well enough when we were an embryo nation. But today, things are different…We are 65 million people, the most advanced and powerful on earth, and regard to our future welfare demands an abandonment of the doctrines of isolation." - Senator Orville Platte, 1893 Platt’s words advocate:



a.

American Isolationism

c.

American Imperialism

b.

American Progressivism

d.

American Reconstruction

____ 39. Aims of the Great Society: 1. Eradicate racial injustice 2. Share abundance 3. Overcome disease 4. Dispel ignorance The Civil Rights of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 are examples Great Society legislation addressing:



a.

Aim 1

c.

Aim 3

b.

Aim 2

d.

Aim 4

____ 40. Between 1870 and 1910, American immigration could be described as:



a.

The number of European immigrants to the U.S. decreased

c.

The number of Northern European immigrants increased

b.

The number of European immigrants to the U.S. fluctuated (went up and down)

d.

The number of European immigrants to the U.S. increased dramatically

____ 41. A practive which contributed to the stock market crash of 1929 in which investors would buy stocks by paying less cash than they were worth and then borrowing the difference was called what?



a.

buying on margin

c.

black market dealing

b.

buying on speculation

d.



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