Us history II

Section 4: America as a World Power

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Section 4: America as a World Power

  1. President Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt

    1. Russo-Japanese War

  • TR serves role as mediator—negotiates a peaceful end to problem of Russians and Japanese fighting

  • Imperialist war—fighting over control of Korean entity

  • America cares b/c of the Open Door Policy—preserve the open door for trade purposes

  • TR wins Nobel Prize 1906

  • US and Japanese have a good diplomatic relationship

    1. Panama Canal (1901)

  • Hay Pauncefote Treaty—US and Britain negotiating. Britain turning over control over Central Am. canal to US

  • Panama—purpose of trade, cut down time from east coast to west coast, rugged terrain. Benefits: easier trade route, decreases travel time, cost effective

  • Who will use the Panama Canal: military, trade/commerce vessels

  • US pays Panama $10 mil. Down payment + annual rent of $250k/yr

  • Cons of building Canal—causes problems with Latin American region

  • 1977—US told Panama that in 1999 the Canal would be theirs

  • Nicaragua—longer distance, easier terrain

    1. Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine

  • Pres. James Monroe—Europeans stay out of our area of the world

  • Roosevelt said European countries stay out of US or else we will use our “international police power.” We are the most powerful country in this ½ of world and we will come after you. “Police of Western Hemi”

  • TR philosophy: Big Stick Diplomacy --speak softly but carry a “big stick”—our presence will make others intimidated. Make sure the rest of the world knows that US patrols the world.

  1. President William Taft

    1. Dollar Diplomacy—our economic power and strength that we use to influence other nations

  • Favor done by US to lesser smaller countries. They won’t forget what America did.

  • Goal: keep Europeans away. Am has to keep destiny to be the strongest around the world.

  1. President Woodrow Wilson

    1. Missionary Diplomacy—America’s moral obligation: DO NOT recognize “any oppressive, undemocratic or hostile” nations. America saying “if you are not like us, we won’t recognize you”. Will start the butting of heads with other nations.

  2. 3 US foreign policy goals in the early 1900s driven by:

  1. economic growth depends on exports—goal is to maintain trade relationships over seas

  2. US military willing to intervene to protect US interests (see Roosevelt Corollary, Dollar Diplomacy)

  3. USA will be threatened if closed to other areas

End of Imperialism

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