Pres. James Monroe—Europeans stay out of our area of the world
Roosevelt said European countries stay out of US or else we will use our “international police power.” We are the most powerful country in this ½ of world and we will come after you. “Police of Western Hemi”
TR philosophy: Big Stick Diplomacy --speak softly but carry a “big stick”—our presence will make others intimidated. Make sure the rest of the world knows that US patrols the world.
President William Taft
Dollar Diplomacy—our economic power and strength that we use to influence other nations
Favor done by US to lesser smaller countries. They won’t forget what America did.
Goal: keep Europeans away. Am has to keep destiny to be the strongest around the world.
President Woodrow Wilson
Missionary Diplomacy—America’s moral obligation: DO NOT recognize “any oppressive, undemocratic or hostile” nations. America saying “if you are not like us, we won’t recognize you”. Will start the butting of heads with other nations.
3 US foreign policy goals in the early 1900s driven by:
economic growth depends on exports—goal is to maintain trade relationships over seas
US military willing to intervene to protect US interests (see Roosevelt Corollary, Dollar Diplomacy)