Us history II

Section 3: Acquiring New Lands

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Section 3: Acquiring New Lands

  1. Puerto Rico—why did we want it? Location, power

  • Never given a promise of independence

  • Under American military control

  • Location—Caribbean Sea, establish strong military to protect Panama Canal

  • Power—keep up military presence (1900)

      1. Foraker Act: establishes a civil government in PR—says US President will appoint

a governor, create a solid government

      1. Insular Cases (1901)—Supreme Court rules that US Constitution does not apply to people in territories

  • 1917—Congress gives citizenship and voting rights to people in PR

  • 1952—Commonwealth status given to PR (a self-governing unit voluntarily grouped with US)

  1. Cuba—post war

  1. Teller Amendment—US promises that it will not colonize Cuba, won’t try to take over.

  1. Platt Amendment—1901. Cuban Constitution has been amended (Platt Amend. Is addition to the Constitution). US is trying to assist Cuba. Am. wants Cuba to add these to their Const.:

  1. NO foreign treaties

  2. USA can intervene if Cuba is threatened

  3. Cuba can never go into financial debt (will make US look bad)

  4. ***Let the USA buy or lease some territory so that US can set up a military base (Guantanamo Bay)

  • 1930s—FDR—“Good Neighbor Policy”—liberates Cuba so it is no longer under US control

  1. the Philippines—annexed by Treaty of Paris

  • US buys Philippines and Aguinaldo changes his anger and directs it at US. Wants freedom for people in his country

  • US wants to establish a home base in S. Pacific

  • Through the annexation and anger of Phil.: Rebels Philippine-American War—to Philippinos, USA is the “new” Spain

  • 70k troops and majority are African American

  • 25K deaths, majority are Philippine rebels

  • lasts 3 years and costs $400 million (20x purchase price)

  • Philippines has US military govt. until 1947

  1. China—established a lot of colonies set up by many European nations

  • Europeans set up “Spheres of influence”—pre-divided areas for trade and economic reasons

    1. Open Door Notes—US Sect. of State issued this. John Hay wrote asking other nations to get involved (“open door”-share trade rights).

  1. Impact of gaining new lands

    1. Open Door policy (economic/political) as the basis of US foreign policy

  • Open Door Note leads to Open Door Policy—forms the basis of American foreign policy

  • US foreign policu based on economic issues

  • Reasons for economic issue b/c: tapping into new resources, markets for trade, military

  • US foreign policy is about building economy, growing as a country

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