Section 1: All legislative powers vested in Congress.
Section 2: House of Representatives
2. Authorized to instigate impeachment proceedings against President.
Section 3: Senate
2. U.S. Vice President is President of Senate and votes to break ties.
3. Sole power to adjudicate impeachment of President in hearing presided over by Chief Justice of Supreme Court.
Section 4: Congressional elections
Section 5: Congressional checks on behavior of members
Section 6: Restrictions against self dealing by members of Congress
Section 7: Revenue, Presidential veto and Congressional overrides
1. Revenue bills must originate in House.
2. Presidential veto power over Congress.
3. Override of Presidential veto requires 2/3 majority vote in both Houses.
Section 8: Enumerated powers
1. Tax Power: "The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises,to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States.
2. Commerce Clause: "The Congress shall have power to...regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes...
3. Necessary and Proper Clause: "The Congress shall have the power to..make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the government of the United States...
b. Two-thirds majority of state legislatures apply for Congress to call a constitutional convention for proposing amendments.
2. Ratifying amendments
a. Amendment becomes part of Constitution when ratified by 3/4 of state legislatures.
Article VI: Supremacy Clause
1. "This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding."
Article VII: Ratification of Constitution
Amendment I: Freedom of religion, speech, press, peaceful assembly, petition government (i.e., suggest bills).
Amendment II: Right of people to bear arms.
Amendment III: Quartering soldiers
Amendment IV: Protection against unreasonable search and seizures, warrants without probable cause.
Amendment V: Right of habeas corpus; protection against double jeopardy, self incrimination; due process; takings.
1. Due process Clause: "No person shall be...deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law..."
2. Takings Clause: "Nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation."
Amendment VI: Rights in criminal prosecution (i.e., speedy trial, impartial jury, informed of accusation, confronted with contrary witnesses, compulsory process for favorable witnesses, public assistance for defense).
Amendment VII: Right to jury in civil suits.
Amendment VIII: No excessive bail or fines; no cruel or unusual punishment.
Amendment IX: Enumeration of constitutional rights not meant to deny others retained by people.
Amendment X: State Police Power
1. "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people."