12. Individuals in the story of this northern community include Prudence Alcott, the leader of a group of Unitarian missionaries who were the first white folk to spend time in the region; Henry Francis Watt, a somewhat misguided member of that group of missionaries who would later return to found New Albion, the community's original name; and Magnus Oleson and Oskar Tollefson, early leaders of the Norwegian community. More recent stories center around characters like Florian Krebsbach, Clint and Clarence Bunsen, Norwegian bachelor farmers, and Father Emil of Our Lady of Perpetual Responsibility. FTP, what is the name of this Minnesota community, the product of Garrison Keillor's brilliant imagination?
Answer: Lake Wobegon
13. If family decrees had allowed, when the Hapsburg prince Rudolph died, the right of succession would have passed to his daughter Elizabeth. Instead Franz Joseph I’s brother Charles Louis became heir apparent. On his premature death in 1896, next in line was his anti-Semitic and anti-parliamentary eldest son, whose intense zeal for military matters contributed to his unpopularity but also led to his appointment as inspector general of all land and sea forces. This explains his presence in Bosnia to review maneuvers. FTP name this Hapsburg prince, assassinated on June 28, 1914 in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip.
Answer: Archduke Franz Ferdinand
14. A descendent of indentured servants who immigrated to Trinidad, he studied at the University of Oxford and settled in England. His earliest novels are set in Trinidad including his first, The Mystic Masseur, and the one that won him major recognition, A House for Mr. Biswas. His subsequent work explores the personal and collective alienation experienced in new post-colonial nations. In a Free State won him the 1971 Booker Prize, and he was knighted 1n 1989. FTP, name this novelist who won the 2001 Nobel Prize.
Answer: Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul
15. This great king and lawmaker was made a judge of the dead after his own death. He fathered Ariadne and Phaedra with his wife Pasiphae, but he did not father the minotaur, her most famous offspring. His mother was Europa, who was spirited, by his father Zeus in the form of a Bull to the island he would eventually rule. FTP, name this Cretan king, who trapped Daedalus, Icuras and Theseus in the Labyrinth?
16. Lord Enrico Ashton is outraged to find that his sister is in love with his mortal enemy, Sir Edgardo di Ravenswood. He wants his sister, the title character, to marry Lord Arturo Bucklaw instead, but she pledges herself to Ravenswood. Enrico disrupts their wedding and Raimondo commands that he and Edgardo should fight a duel. Arturo is killed by the title heroine and she, having gone mad and believing herself in heaven, kills herself by falling from Wolf’s Crag Tower. Edgardo hopes the duel will take his own life because of his sister’s betrayal, but, finding out she has died, kills himself in, FTP, what opera by Gaetano Donizetti?
Answer: Lucia Di Lammermoor
17. His zeta function is used to aid in determining the distribution of prime numbers. His mapping theorem states that if U is a simply connected open subset of the complex plane, that there is a bijection from U to the open disk. For ten points, name this mathematician more well-known for his hypothesis and his integral of sums.
Answer: Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann
18. It had been weakened by attacks from its neighbors, so in 1863 its king placed it under French protection, which led to full French control by 1887. It became fully independent in 1953. While a ceasefire and democratic elections were mandated by the 1991 Paris Peace, it took till 1999 to remove the last vestiges of Khmer Rouge rule. FTP name this Southeast Asian country, home to the famous ruins of Angkor Wat, with its capital at Phnom Penh.
19. This substance’s identity was confirmed by Otto Loewi. The experiment to identify the substance involved bathing a beating frog’s heart in it; the resulting decrease in heart rate showed that the release of this chemical by the vagus nerve was controlling the heart rate. This neurotransmitter works with muscarinic and nicotinic receptors and is the primary neurotransmitter involved with muscular contraction. For ten points name this neurotransmitter directly linked to Alzheimer’s disease.
20. In the first the hero sets for on a merchant venture, but quickly realizes that the island he landed on is really a whale. The second tells of his adventure with a Roc and a trip into the valley of diamonds. The fifth he is tricked by the old man of the sea into carrying him across a river, but then the old man will not get off, until the hero gets him drunk and kills him. The Seventh tells of the hero’s adventures among men who sprout wings once a year and turn out to be brothers of Satan. FTP name these fantastical voyages recounted in the One Thousand and One Nights, named for the titular seaman.
Answer: The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor
21. There's an island and a sports franchise named after them in California. The elemental one rules over games of chance while the highest ranking one rules over the waters. Their existence was reasserted by John Paul II in 1986. One of them brought Allah's word to Prophet Muhammad, another handed down the Ten Commandments to Moses, and another came down to Earth to tell Mary that she is bearing the son of God. FTP name this supernatural being intermediate between God and humans.
22. Their atomicity and isolation can be ensured by time-stamping, validation, two-phase locking, and other concurrency control mechanisms. Their durability can be ensured by redo logging, undo logging, checkpointing, and other recovery management mechanisms. For ten points, these are what atomic groups of queries or data manipulation actions--such as withdrawals from ATM machines--that must be executed completely or not at all--and must not be interleaved with other actions on the same data--in a database system?
23. Its creator and namesake served on the Economic Policy Advisory Board for both of President Reagan's terms. It helped inspire the Kemp-Roth Tax Cut of 1981, and has a value of 0 for both 0% and 100%. At some point "t-star" between those two extremes, it takes on a maximum value. Those who believe that the current tax rate is to the right of t-star argue that decreasing tax rates will increase government revenue. Important to supply-side economics, this is what eponymous curve?
Answer: Laffer Curve
BONI – ROUND ONE DENNIS HASKINS OPENMARCH 2005 (UTC/CWRU) 1. VISUAL BONUS: You are about to be handed a map of South America. For 5 points each, identify the nation marked with each letter shown. You have 15 seconds to begin your answer.
2. For ten points each -- give the desired taxonomic classification for the following.
(10) Phylum -- Spider
(10) Kingdom -- Dog
(10) Order -- Platypus
Answer: Monotremata (or monotremes)
3. Name the Shakespeare play from characters. Fifteen points if you get the play from the first set, 10 from the second:
a) 15: Cassio, Brabantio, Emilia
10: Iago, Desdemona
b) 15: Gloucester [GLAOW-stir], Edgar, Oswald
10: Regan, Goneril, Cordelia
Answer: King Lear 4. We’ll ignore for the moment the fact that both football and track and field had more athletes actually implicated in the BALCO case. In the public eye, it’s the baseball steroids scandal. FTPE test what you know:
a) Whose book, Juiced, details how he used steroids and implicates other ballplayers’ use of them?
Answer: Jose Canseco
b) Canseco claimed that he also injected Mark McGwire with steroids when the two of them played for this team.
Answer: Oakland Athletics (accept either city or title, or “the A’s”)
c) This star of the Baltimore Orioles is considering filing a lawsuit against Canseco’s claim that the two of them shot up when they both played for the Texas Rangers. The accusation lends a sad irony to his endorsement deal with Viagra.
Answer: Rafael Palmeiro 5. Typically the President and Vice President come from the same party, but not always. FTPE answer the following:
a) Before the 12th Amendment, the Constitution awarded the vice presidency to the presidential candidate with the second most electoral votes. Because of this, what man paradoxically served as vice president under his opponent, John Adams?
Answer: Thomas Jefferson
b) Officially, only one other time in our history have the president and vice president been from different parties. This is because, for unity’s sake, Abraham Lincoln chose this Democrat as his running mate in 1864.
Answer: Andrew Johnson [prompt on Johnson]
c) For almost his entire career this man was a Democrat. He accepted the Whig nomination for V.P. as William Henry Harrison’s running mate in 1840, but after Harrison’s swift demise he reversed himself and thus alienated both parties.
Answer: John Tyler 6. For ten points each -- name these gas laws.
(10) This law states that the number of molecules in a specific volume of gas is dependent on its pressure and temperature
Answer: Avogadro's Law
(10) This law relates the volume and temperature of an ideal gas held at a constant pressure.
Answer: Charles' Law (or Law of Charles and Gay-Lussac)
(10) This law relates the volume and pressure of an ideal gas held at a constant temperature.
Answer: Boyle's Law (or Boyle-Mariotte Law)
7. For ten points each -- given a ballet, name the composer of its music.
(10) Swan Lake
Answer: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
(10) Appalachian Spring
Answer: Aaron Copland
(10) The Rite of Spring
Answer: Igor Stravinsky
8. For the stated number of points, answer these questions about Islam
(10) What is the most holy city in Islam?
(10) The pilgrimage to Mecca is known as what?
(5/5) Islam is divided into two main sects, whose differences start with whether the first three caliphs were legitimate or were usurpers. Name these two sects for 5 pts. each.
Answer: Sunnis and Shi’ites or Shi’a 9. Name the World War II battles for ten points each.
a) Rather than a battle per se, this refers to a continuous two-month period of bombing by the Luftwaffe.
Answer: Battle of Britain
b) This battle was the turning point of the war in Europe, as the namesake city held out long enough for Zhukov to launch a counteroffensive against the Germans.
Answer: Battle of Stalingrad
c) The turning point in the Pacific, this was the first major American offensive attack on the Japanese forces.
Answer: Battle of Midway 10. Given a work of literature, identify the Russian author for ten points each.
a) The Idiot
Answer: Fyodor Dostoyevsky
b) War and Peace
Answer: Leo Tolstoy
Answer: Vladimir Nabokov 11. FTPE, given the name of an Oscar category, tell who won that Oscar for the recently-bestowed 2004 awards.
a) Best Animated Feature
Answer: The Incredibles [featuring, as the voice of Frozone, Chattanooga’s own Samuel L. Jackson]
b) Best Actor
Answer: Jamie Foxx
c) Best Supporting Actress
Answer: Cate Blanchett 12. Identify the explorers FTPE.
(10) Four years before Columbus hit the Americas, this man first rounded the southernmost tip of Africa sailing for the Portuguese.
Answer: Bartholomeu Diaz
(10) Another Portuguese, he finally reached India in 1498, but gathered few treasures and spices from the natives. Answer: Vasco da Gama
(10) Yet another Portuguese, trying to follow the African coast en route to India in 1500, he got blown so far off course that he discovered and claimed Brazil.
Answer: Pedro Cabral
13. Identify these painters from works for 10 points each.
a) St. John the Baptist, Bacchus and Ariadne, and Venus of Urbino
c) Milkmaid, View of Delft, and Girl with a Pearl Earring.
Answer: Jan Vermeer 14. Answer these related literature questions FTPE:
a) The unnamed protagonist of this novel has gone underground, literally, and recounts his journey from the South through a Tuskegee-like college to Harlem, where he gets entangled in racial and political activism.
Answer:Invisible Man [do NOT accept The Invisible Man – that’s a different story. Literally.]
b) This Oklahoma native wrote Invisible Man.
Answer: Ralph Waldo Ellison
c) Ellison spent several decades working on his next novel, published under this title five years after his 1994 death to generally unfavorable reviews.
Answer: Juneteenth 15. Name the following people involved in the study of the nature of light for ten points each.
a) He explained the photoelectric effect by proposing the existence of photons. Of all his accomplishments, that was the one mentioned most prominently in the citation awarding him the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics.
Answer: Albert Einstein
b) On the other hand, the results of this man’s double-slit experiment can be explained only if light exists as a wave. His other accomplishments range from his description of astigmatism to the coefficient of elasticity known as his modulus.
Answer: Thomas Young
c) Also noted for his namesake diagrams showing the motion of a particle in space and time, this theoretical physicist corrected much of quantum electrodynamics, helping to reconcile the two wave and particle theories.
Answer: Richard Feynman 16. FTPE identify the location in which these wonders of the ancient world were built.
a) The Hanging Gardens
b) The Colossus
Answer: Rhodes, Greece
c) The Oracle
Answer: Delphi 17. Name the Amendment Number for which these amendments correspond for ten points each.
a) The allowed use of the Income Tax
b) Direct Election of Senators
c) A President is only allowed to have two terms
Answer: 22nd 18. Name these branches of mathematics FTPE.
(10) Analysis of rates of change pioneered by Newton and Leibniz. It studies derivatives and integrals.
(10) Quantitative description of uncertainty. It studies distributions and random processes.
(10) Study of vectors, vector spaces, and systems of equations. It also analyzes matrices and linear transformations.
Answer: linear algebra 19. FTPE answer the following about a literary award:
1. Iris Murdoch, Nadime Gordimer, and A.S. Byatt are among those to receive this annual prize, established by a British food distribution company for the best work of fiction by a British, Irish, or British Commonwealth author.
Answer: the Booker Prize
2. His 1981 work Midnight's Children has been voted "the Booker of Bookers." But he is probably better known for being condemned to death by Ayatollah Khomeini following the publication of The Satanic Verses.
Answer: Salman Rushdie
3. This portrait of an English butler just prior to World War II won its Nagasaki-born author, Kazuo Ishiguro, a Booker in 1989.
Answer: The Remains of the Day 20. FTPE, answer these questions on the geography of the moon.
a. There are over 20 maria (ma-REE-uh), which are relatively flat plains, on the moon. They are more commonly known as these, such as the one “of Tranquility,” site of the first moon landing in 1969.
b. These lunar features are generally named for astronomers. The largest measure up to 150 miles in diameter. Rays that often seem to extend from them were found to be smaller fields of these features, all of which were created by meteorite strikes.
c. The most prominent range of these on the moon is named for mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm von Liebnitz, while others bear the same names as their earthly counterparts.
Answer: mountains 21. Expand these abbreviations defined in my dictionary, FFPE.
Answer: also known as
Answer: et cetera
Answer: very important person
Answer: cash on delivery
Answer: id est; do not accept "that is"
Answer: confer; do not accept "compare
Name these men who shared the love of a certain woman for ten points each.
1. The woman, born Alma Maria Schindler, married her first husband, this Austrian composer of Das Lied von der Erde, in 1901.
Answer: Gustav Mahler
2. Alma Mahler's marriage to Gustav was undermined by her affair with this man, the founder of the Bauhaus school of architecture, whom she married in 1915.
Answer: Walter Gropius
3. Though she never married him, Alma had a torrid affair with this young painter, whose "Bride of the Wind" is dedicated to her. When he learned of her marriage to Gropius, he had a life-sized doll of her made to console himself, but he later beheaded it during an orgy.
Answer: Oscar Kokoschka
BONI – ROUND TWO DENNIS HASKINS OPENMARCH 2005 (UTC/CWRU)
1. VISUAL BONUS: You are about to be handed a page with self-portraits of four noted artists. Name the artist marked with each letter shown, 5-10-20-30. You have 15 seconds to begin your answer.
Answers: (a) Rembrandt van Rijn; (b) Vincent Van Gogh; (c) Pablo Picasso; (d) Norman Rockwell 2. FTPE name that disease:
Also known as glandular fever, this illness nicknamed the “kissing disease” is typically caused by the Epstein-Barr virus.
This mysterious disease most often found in women aged 25 to 45, also called “yuppie flu,” was erroneously thought also to be caused by the Epstein-Barr virus.
Answer: chronic fatigue syndrome
Caused by spirochetes borne by the deer tick, the general achiness associated with this disease named for a Connecticut town led to some cases being misdiagnosed as chronic fatigue syndrome.
Answer: Lyme disease
3. For ten points each, identify the Newbery Medal winning authors from some of their books.
a) The King’s Fifth, The Black Pearl, and Island of the Blue Dolphins.
Answer: Scott O’Dell
b) Jip, His Story, Jacob Have I Loved, and Bridge to Terabithia
Answer: Katherine Paterson
c) Marvin Redpost, Sideways Stories from Wayside School, and Holes.
Answer: Louis Sachar 4, Identify these battles from the American Revolutionary War in which the British surrendered substantial portions of their troops FTPE.
(10) In this 1777 battle, American blocked Burgoyne at Bemis Heights. The British failed to break through American defenses and withdrew to the namesake location, where they surrendered in October.
(10) Cornwallis arrived here from Petersburg in 1781. Washington and French naval forces surrounded the British army and accepted its surrender, ending the war.
(10) American Daniel Morgan enveloped the British troops under Banastre Tarleton in this classic 1781 South Carolina battle, capturing virtually all British forces.
Answer: Cowpens 5. FTPE, answer the following about 180 degrees. You have 10 seconds per part.
What is 180 degrees equal to in radian measure?
What is the cosine of 180 degrees?
What is the tangent of 180 degrees?
Answer: 0 6. For ten points each -- name these songs you've probably heard at the beginning of WB dramas.
(10) This Gavin DeGraw song serves as the theme song to One Tree Hill.
Answer: I Don't Wanna Be
(10) This Paula Cole song served as the theme song to Dawson's Creek.
Answer: I Don't Want to Wait
(10) The mother-daughter duo of Carole King and Louise Goffin sing this theme song to Gilmore Girls.
Answer: Where You Lead (I Will Follow)
7. Figures of the Trojan War FTPE.
(10) The son of Peleus and Thetis, he avenged the death of his friend Patroclus by killing Hector. Dipped in the Styx by his mother, he has no invulnerability but his heel.
(10) Achilles had refused to fight because this man, the leader of the Greeks, had taken Chryseis, angering Apollo. He is murdered by his wife Clytemnestra after the war.
(10) The brother of Agamemnon, this king of Sparta lost his wife Helen to abduction by Paris, the event that launched the Trojan War.
8. Give either the acronym or full name of these New Deal programs from a description FTPE. If you need a second clue, we’ll give you the acronym and you supply the full name for 5 points each.
10) Part of the Unemployment Relief Act, this organization provided jobs on natural resource-related projects for unemployed single young men, who also received housing of a sort from its camps.
Answer: Civilian Conservation Corps [accept CCC on the 10-point clue]
10) Established in 1933, it helped restore public confidence in banks by protecting accounts in the event of bank failure.
Answer: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation [accept FDIC on the 10-point clue]
10) It originally gave benefit payments to encourage farmers to limit the acreage of certain cash crops. After parts of the act creating it were ruled unconstitutional, it switched some emphasis to promote planting of soil-building crops instead.
Answer: Agricultural Adjustment Administration [grudgingly accept “Act” instead of Administration, since that was the name of the bill that created it; accept AAA on the 10-point clue]
9. For ten points each, name the British authors of these works.
a) The Hound of the Baskervilles
Answer: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
b) The Lord of the Flies
Answer: William Golding
c) Brave New World
Answer: Aldous Huxley 10. Given definitions from an acid-base theory, name the theory for ten points each.
a) Acids contain hydrogen and bases contain hydroxide ions.
Answer: Arrhenius theory
b) Acids are the same as in Arrhenius’s model, but bases are defined as being able to accept a hydrogen ion.
Answer: Bronsted-Lowery theory
b) Acids are electron-pair acceptors; bases are electron-pair donors.
Answer: Lewis theory
11. Name these Roman emperors for ten points each.
a) This emperor committed suicide in AD 69, causing the power struggle known as the Year of the Four Emperors. His foibles may have been exaggerated in the writings of the not-exactly-neutral Suetonius and Tacitus.
Answer: Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; or Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus
b) Unlike Nero, this emperor’s eccentricities were clearly not exaggerated – he flat-out went insane, prompting his murder in AD 41 by the Praetorian Guard.
Answer: Caligula, or Caius Caesar Germanicus
c) Reigning from 69 to 79, he founded the Flavian dynasty after the wars following Nero's death.
Answer: Vespasian; or Caesar Vespasianus Augustus; or Titus Flavius Vespasianus
12. Name that –ism! FTPE, identify the American or Anglo-American literary movement from some of its authors.
Answer: imagism (or –ist)
13. For ten points each, identify these caves of note.
a) The most extensive cave system discovered so far, it includes over 560 km of passages.
Answer: Mammoth Cave
b) Discovered near Montignac, France in 1940, these caves feature approximately 16,000-year old paintings of large animals, particularly of aurochs.
Answer: Caves of Lascaux
c) A series of caves, some of which included libraries with built in shelves, was the hiding place of the Dead Sea Scrolls.
Answer: Qumran Caves
14. Imagine, if you will, a 4 kg block sits on a table in a world without friction and where g is exactly 10 meters per second per second. FTPE…
a) First, what is the normal force on the block?
Answer: 40 Newtons
b) How much work is done if the block is moved six meters at a constant velocity of 6 meters per second?
Answer: 0 Joules
c) Finally, suppose that the block, still traveling at 6 meters per second, sails off the edge of the table, which is (strangely) 20 meters tall. How far horizontally will the block travel before hitting the ground?
Answer: 12 meters
15. For ten points each, name the host city of these future Olympic Games.
a) The 2006 Winter Games.
b) The 2008 Summer Games.
c) The 2010 Winter Games.
Answer: Vancouver 16. Answer the following about wars in the Middle East FTPE:
a. This war began with a pre-emptive Israeli strike against the air forces of Egypt and Syria. At the end of the war, Israel had captured the Golan Heights, West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Sinai Peninsula.
Answer: The Six Day War or the 1967 War
b. The crisis that precipitated this war began with the August 2, 1990, invasion of Kuwait by its much larger neighbor. After a January 15, 1991, UN deadline passed, a large, multinational coalition began a counter-offensive from neighboring nations, including Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and Qatar.
Answer: Operation Desert Storm (accept Persian Gulf War I or equivalents)
c. This nation was in a civil war from 1975-1990. Syrian troops entered in 1976 to help Maronite militias, while Israeli forces invaded in 1982 to evict the PLO. A 2005 “Cedar Revolution” seeks the removal of the remaining Syrian troops.
Answer: Lebanon or the Lebanese Republic 17. For the stated number of points, answer the following questions.
5) What is the scientific name for the phenomenon we call the Northern Lights?
Answer: Aurora Borealis [prompt on aurora]
15) What is the scientific name for the Southern Lights?
Answer: Aurora Australis
10) What planet in our solar system has also shown signs of Auroric activity?
18. Identify the musical instruments from descriptions for ten points each.
a) Similar to a xylophone, it is smaller, higher in pitch, and uses metal bars.
b) This is a small and quiet keyboard instrument. The strings are set parallel to the layout of the keyboard (unlike in a piano) and are struck by brass tangents at the end of the keys (unlike in a harpsichord).
c) This simple instrument consists of two small wooden boards attached at one end by a hinge. If the maker has been kind there will also be handles attached to the boards to prevent one’s fingers from becoming smashed between the boards.
Answer: Whip or Slapstick
19. For ten points each, identify the following cathedrals from description:
a) Situated on the Ile-de-la-Cité, it was the location in which Napoleon crowned himself emperor.
Answer: Notre Dame
b) This small English cathedral contains the Altar of the Sword’s Point and the tombs of the Black Prince and Thomas á Becket.
c) This cathedral in Moscow consists of nine chapels topped by domes. Supposedly its creator was blinded so that he could never create anything to rival its beauty.
Answer: St. Basil’s Cathedral
20. (5,10,15) Answer these questions about writers of Soviet Russia:
(5) This prolific author was sharply critical of the Soviet regime in 'The Gulag Archipelago' and 'One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich'.
Answer: Alexander Solzhenitsyn [sol-zhen-eet-sin]
(10) This man is famous as a poet in Russia, but in the West is better known for his novel 'Doctor Zhivago'.
Answer: Boris Pasternak
(15) This pioneer of Socialist Realism was so influential he had the city of Nizhny Novgorod renamed after him. His short stories include 'Mother' and 'Twenty-six Men and a Girl'.
Answer: Maxim Gorky 21. FTPE, name the crystal system from a description.
a. Axes in this system are of equal length and mutually perpendicular to each other. All crystals in this system possess four three-fold axes of symmetry.
Answer: isometric or cubic
b. This system has three unequal axes. Two are inclined towards each other at an oblique angle. The third is perpendicular to the other two. Crystals demonstrate a single two-fold rotation axis and/or a single mirror plane.
c. The three axes in this system are mutually perpendicular. The two horizontal axes are of equal length, while the vertical axis is of a different length than those two. Minerals in this class all possess a single four-fold symmetry axis.
Answer: tetragonal 22. Given a famous conductor, identify the city with which he is best associated, FTPE.
(10) Fritz Reiner, whose Reiner's orchestra plays indoor ‘cuz its windy outside.
(10) Herbert von Karajan [CARRY-ON]; his orchestra played when the east side and the west side came back together.
(10) George Szell, whose orchestra rocks.
BONI – ROUND THREE DENNIS HASKINS OPENMARCH 2005 (UTC/CWRU)
1. VISUAL BONUS: You are about to be handed a page with maps of three Civil War battles. Name the battle for the map identified by each letter, for 10 points each. You have 15 seconds to begin your answer.
Answers: (a) Antietam; (b) Gettysburg; (c) Shiloh 2. FTPE, stuff about a particular author:
Forever associated with the 1920’s, his novels included This Side of Paradise and Tender is the Night.
Answer: F. Scott Fitzgerald
Nick Carraway is the narrator of this Fitzgerald work about a mysterious wealthy man on the fringes of high society.
Answer: The Great Gatsby
At his death Fitzgerald left unfinished this novel about movie producer Monroe Stahr, loosely based on Irving Thalberg.
Answer: The Love of the Last Tycoon [accept The Last Tycoon; after the movie version with that name, some editions were published under the abbreviated title]
3. Identify the following electrical components for 10 points each.
a) This device allows current to flow through it in one direction but blocks it from flowing in the opposite direction.
b) Often seen in large cylinders on power poles, this device is often used to convert electrical signals from high voltage, low current forms to low voltage, high current forms.
c) This simple bridge circuit is used for measuring unknown parameters of circuit components. It consists of three resistors of known resistance, a galvanometer, and the component to be tested.
Answer: Wheatstone Bridge
4. Answer the following about these John Maddens FTPE.
(10) After Her Majesty, Mrs. Brown, another John Madden directed this 1998 Academy Award best picture starring Gwyneth Paltrow as Viola De Lesseps and Joseph Fiennes as William Shakespeare.
Answer: Shakespeare in Love
(10) Remember hockey? Center John Madden had 19 goals and 22 assists in 2002-2003 for this New Jersey hockey team anchored by Martin Brodeur.
Answer: New Jersey Devils
5. FTPE answer the following about a particular movement:
a) Adherents believe their minds and spirits must be cleansed of negative engrams. Within this church, a secretive body called the Sea Org or organization serves the purpose of enforcing the rules and administering disciplinary procedures.
b) Upon what science fiction author’s teachings is Scientology based?
Answer: L. Ron Hubbard
c) What Hubbard book set out the original beliefs of Scientology in 1950?
Answer: Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health
6. The U.S. wasn’t their only foe. For 10 points each, identify these enemies of the now-defunct Soviet Union:
a) This nation fought the Soviet Union in a moderately successful war from 1919 to 1921, leaving it in effective control of much of Lithuania.
b) What northern nation was attacked by the USSR in 1939, which led to their uneasy 1941 alliance with Nazi Germany?
c) This was the umbrella name for loosely allied Muslim guerilla groups fighting the USSR when it invaded Afghanistan in 1979. Once the Soviets were ousted, it split into two warring rival factions, the Taliban and the Northern Alliance.
Answer: the Mujahideen [accept anything that sounds like this – there are half a dozen spellings]
7. For ten points each -- answer the following about a cell layer and its components.
(10) In bacteria, the amount of peptidoglycan in this two-word structure determines whether an organism is Gram positive or Gram negative.
Answer: cell wall
(10) This material makes up the cell wall of fungi. It is also included in the exoskeletons of insects.
(10) This material makes up the cell wall of plants. Not digestible by humans, it occurs naturally in almost pure form only in cotton fibre.
8. FTPE, stuff about an author:
(10) Most of his novels, including Nicholas Nickleby and The Old Curiosity Shop, were published chapter by chapter in monthly installments, which explains why he repeated himself a lot.
Answer: Charles Dickens
(10) This novel set during the French Revolution contains two of Dickens’ most famous lines: "It is a far, far better thing that I do, than I have ever done" and the opening line, "It was the best of times; it was the worst of times."
Answer: A Tale of Two Cities
(10) After poor sales for early installments of this 1844 novel, Dickens sent the grandson and namesake of the wealthy title character off to America, allowing him to take potshots at the gap between American ideals and reality.
Answer: Martin Chuzzlewit 9. For ten points each answer the following about computer design:
a) The Von Neumamn and Harvard architectures are two different ways of partitioning what computer component?
b) Which component of a computer processor performs math and logic operations?
Answer: ALU or Arithmetic Logic Unit
c) What term is used to describe a bundle of wires that carry information between computer components?
Answer: bus 10. For 10 points each, identify the following Indonesian islands.
a) The most densely populated island in Indonesia, it contains the capital of Jakarta.
b) This island, the third largest in the world, is split between Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei.
c) The world’s sixth largest island, it is the home of Lake Toba. It also contains the area of Indonesia hardest hit by the December 26th tsunami of 2004.
Answer: Sumatra 11. For ten points each, give the most common oxidation state of the following elements.
Answer: 2- 12. Given opening lines, name the poet for 5 points and the poem for 5 more. Hint: All 3 poets share the same first name.
a) “I wandered lonely as a cloud / That floats on high o’er vales and hills”
Answer: William Wordsworth; Daffodils
b) “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? / Thou art more lovely and more temperate”
Answer: William Shakespeare; Sonnet 18 (accept 18th Sonnet, etc.)
c) “Out of the night that covers me / Black as the pit from pole to pole”
Answer: William Ernest Henley; Invictus
13. FTPE answer the following about some of the more popular legislation President Bush has signed into law:
a) Perhaps the most popular bill signed by the president, it was intended to give people some privacy but did not apply to charities, pollsters, or political candidates.
Answer: Do Not Call Bill
b) This educational act was initially popular but has been criticized as being under funded. Criticism was also leveled when the government paid Armstrong Williams to promote the act.
Answer: No Child Left Behind Act
c) In January of 2004 the President proposed that this government agency be given an additional $12 billion for exploratory purposes. The money came through only with the aid of Rep. Tom Delay, in whose district lies one of the agency’s best-known centers.
14. For ten points each, answer the following about Medusa.
(10) Medusa was apart of this trio which also included Stheno and Euryale.
(10) After Medusa copulated in one of her temples, this figure changed Medusa's enticing golden locks into serpents.
(10) This figure killed Medusa by cutting off her head while looking at her in the reflection in a mirrored shield.
Answer: Perseus 15. For ten points, identify the following painting techniques:
a) This technique, developed by Caravaggio creates a strong contrast between light and dark.
b) A phrase literally meaning “trick of the eye”, it refers to the use of optical illusions to portray realistic images.
Answer: Trompe l'oeil
c) Perhaps not a painting technique and not a dignified form of art, this invention of the Craft House company was a favorite of General Eisenhower. Its popularity in America during the 1950’s was seen by many as a symbol of conformity.
Answer: Paint by Numbers 16. For ten points each identify the following journalists.
a) Known for her undercover journalism work, this woman reported on conditions at the Women’s Lunatic Asylum on Blackwell Island and also traveled around the world in 72 days.
Answer: Nellie Bly or Elizabeth Jane Cochran
b) This muckraker was famous for writing How the Other Half Lives.
c) Perhaps the best known US war correspondent, he was killed in 1945 on the island of Ie-Jima [EE-eh GEE-ma] near Okinawa.
Answer: Ernie Pyle 17. FTPE name the colonial power that controlled these African territories during the late 19th / early 20th centuries.
a) Sudan, Nigeria, Uganda
b) Mali, Niger, Chad
c) Angola, Mozambique
Answer: Portugal 18. For ten points each, given some lyrics from a “Weird Al” Yankovic song, name the song.
a) “You can be a coffee achiever; you can sit around the house and watch Leave It To Beaver.”
Answer: Dare to Be Stupid
b) “I admit it’s kind of eerie, but this proves my Chaos Theory, and I don’t think I’ll be coming back again.”
Answer: Jurassic Park
c) “I’m down with Bill Gates; I call him money for short. I get him on the phone and I make him do my tax report.”
Answer: It’s All About the Pentiums
19. For ten points each, answer the following concerning the discovery of Neptune, the 8th planet.
a) Theories that the anomalous properties of the orbit of this planet was due to the gravitational field of another massive body led to the discovery of Neptune.
b) In 1846, this Frenchman calculated and predicted the position of Neptune. He was credited with the discovery of the planet that same year.
Answer: Urbain Le Verrier
c) Although this Englishman independently made the calculations in 1843, before Le Verrier, his work was not accepted by his peers until it was too late.
Answer: John Couch Adams
20. For ten points each identify these classical works commonly heard today:
a) Mozart, Verdi, and Berlioz have composed requiems with this Gregorian chant, meaning “day of wrath.” Places it has been heard include the openings to the movie Battle Royale and the game Harry Potter: Quidditch World Cup.
Answer: Dies Irae
b) Originally composed by Richard Strauss in 1896, this symphonic poem was used as the opening for 2001: A Space Odyssey and as entrance music for the wrestler Ric Flair.
Answer: Also Sprach Zarathustra or Thus Spoke Zarathustra [or Zoroaster]
c) Composed by Carl Jenkins, this song was inspired by its namesake architect. It is best known as the song from the De Beers diamond commercials featuring the silhouette people.
Answer: Palladio 21. Name that –ism! FTPE give the philosophical term from a definition:
a) An extension of the egocentric predicament, this theory holds that one can know nothing beyond one’s own thoughts, feelings, and perceptions, and by extension everyone and everything else exist only as projections of one’s own mind
b) In opposition to realism, this doctrine prevalent in the Middle Ages held that ideas and objects exist only in the particular instance ,not as abstract conceptions or forms, and that all universals are merely names with no existence of their own.
c) As put forth by John Dewey, this holds that ideas and concepts should be regarded as tools to be used in specific situations, and thus can only be described as “effective” or “ineffective” rather than “true” or “false.”
Answer: instrumentalism 22. For ten points each, answer the following questions about Canadian military history.
a) What Canadian province saw the defeat of American invaders in 1775 and a 4/5 rejection of conscription in 1942 (to which the rest of Canada voted 70% yes)?
b) In what disastrous 1942 raid on a French coastal town were over 800 Canadians killed and almost 2000 captured?
c) During the Normandy landings on D-Day, while the Americans stormed Omaha Beach, the beach with this code name was assaulted by Canadian forces.
Answer: Juno Beach
BONI – ROUND FOUR DENNIS HASKINS OPENMARCH 2005 (UTC/CWRU) 1. VISUAL BONUS: You are about to be handed a map of Canada. For 5 points each, identify the province or territory marked with each letter shown. You have 15 seconds to begin your answer.
5) While it is commonly thought that this man orchestrated the whole Russian Revolution, he was not even in the country for arguably its important moment, the February Revolution which brought about the abdication of the Tsar.
Answer: Vladimir I. Lenin
5) This was the inept tsar they ousted, eventually executed along with his entire family in 1918.
Answer: Nicholas II
10/10) Russian socialism was divided into these two factions, one led by Lenin, the other by Georgi Plekhanov. Until the October Revolution, ironically, the one whose name meant “majority” was smaller than the one that meant “minority.”
Answer: Bolshevik (or -iki or -ism) and Menshevik (or -ism)
10. Consider the following series of numbers: 4, 8, 15, 16, 23, and 42.
(10) What is their mean? You have 10 seconds.
(10) What is their median? You have 10 seconds.
Answer: 15.5 or 31/2 or 15 and 1/2
(10) On what TV show were these numbers recently and prominently featured?
Answer: Lost 11. Answer the following questions about Cartoon Network’s Adult Swim line-up for ten points each.
a) This show chronicles the exploits of a milkshake, a box of fries, and a piece of meat.
Answer: Aqua Teen Hunger Force (prompt on partial answers)
b) This man is the next-door neighbor to the Aqua Teens.
c) These villains have made repeated appearances on the Aqua Teen Hunger Force and have tried to cash a giant bill they thought was a check, tried to rent a room from the Aqua Teens, and have wielded the mighty “Foreigner Belt.”
Answer: the Moononites (accept Ignignot and Ur)
12. Answer the following about glaciers for ten points each.
a) These bowl or ampitheater-shaped depressions are created by downward pressure of glacier ice as it grows and moves.
b) These are low, streamlined hills of glacial deposits that run parallel to the flow of the glacier. Scientists theorize that they are formed either by the ice itself or from rapid flooding underneath the ice.
c) Lateral, medial, and terminal all are modifiers for this term, which designates any form created by deposition of debris carried by a glacier.
13. On a 5-10-15 basis, identify these pseudo-related scandals:
5) A sensationalized burglary at the eponymous hotel in 1972 ultimately led to the resignation of President Nixon.
10) In 1976, a congressional investigation attempted to link Reverend Moon’s Unification Church to an influence-buying plan on the part of the intelligence service of the eponymous country, and the Japanese Yakuza.
15) Three San Francisco police officers allegedly attacked two men over a dispute about the eponymous Mexican food product in 2003.
14. Identify the Brontes FTPE.
(10) Under the pseudonym Currer Bell, she wrote the novels The Professor and Jane Eyre. After her sisters' death, she married and completed Shirley and Villette.
Answer: Charlotte Bronte
(10) The best poetry writer of the bunch, she wrote "Remembrance" and "The Visionary" under the name of Ellis Bell. She also wrote Wuthering Heights.
Answer: Emily Bronte
(10) She used the pseudonym Acton Bell and wrote Agnes Grey and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall.
Answer: Anne Bronte
15. FTPE, given a year, a gallery, and the artist, name the artwork that was stolen.
a . 1911, The Louvre, Leonardo Da Vinci
Answer: The Mona Lisa [or La Gioconda]
b. 2004, The National Gallery of Oslo, Edvard Munsch
Answer: The Scream [or The Cry]
c. 1990, The Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Jan Vermeer
Answer: The Concert 16. Given the following compounds, identify their chemical formula for ten points each.
a) Phosphoric acid
Answer: H3 P O4
b) Sulfuric acid
Answer: H2 S O4
c) Potassium manganate
Answer: K Mn O3 17. Name these French kings named Louis for ten points each. Appropriate numbers are obviously required!
a) The last ruler of the house of Bourbon, he was beheaded during the French Revolution in 1793.
Answer: Louis XVI (16th)
b) A grandson of Charlemagne, he took an oath of alliance with his brother Charles against his brother Lothair in 842.
Answer: Louis II
c) He tried to depose his father on several occasions before eventually taking the throne upon his father’s death in 1461. Nicknamed “the Prudent,” during his 22-year reign he laid the foundations for a strong French monarchy.
Answer: Louis XI (11th)
18. For ten points each, answer the following concerning the origins of Social Darwinism.
a) Coining the term “survival of the fittest,” he applied Darwinian Theory to human development and society.
Answer: Herbert Spencer
b) Predating Spencer, his eponymous catastrophe theory suggested that population grows faster than food supply, which was later interpreted to imply starvation of the weakest.
Answer: Thomas Robert Malthus
c) A strong supporter of laissez-faire economics, his 1907 book Folkways concluded that all forms of social reform were futile.
Answer: William Graham Sumner
19. FTPE, name the French authors of the following works:
a) Madame Bovary
Answer: Gustave Flaubert
b) The Red and the Black
Answer: Stendhal [or Marie-Henri Beyle]
c) Cyrano de Bergerac
Answer: Edmond Rostand
20. For ten points each, identify the music term based on the definition.
a) The most common chord structure in Western music, it consists of a root note, and two other notes, a third and a fifth away form the root note, respectively.
b) Shifting the positions of the triad so that the root note is the highest note constitutes this.
Answer: seventh chord 21. Given the descriptions, identify the cell type FTPE.
a) These cells regulate the pattern and duration of the heart beat.
Answer: Pacemaker Cells
b) These cells are responsible for sending stimuli to and from the brain.
Answer: Nerve Cells
c) These cells are striated in appearance and are responsible for most motor muscle activity within the body
Answer: Skeletal Muscle Cells
22. Given some lakes, name the state where they’re found, 10 pts. each:
a) Caddo, Pontchartrain, Catahoula
b) Leech, Mille Lacs, Winnibigoshish, Itasca
c) Ossipee, Sunapee, Winnepesaukee
Answer: New Hampshire
BONI – ROUND FIVE DENNIS HASKINS OPENMARCH 2005 (UTC/CWRU)
1. VISUAL BONUS: To paraphrase Jon Stewart, it’s time for famous pictures of naked people. You are about to be given a page with pictures of three noted sculptures on it. Identify by letter each sculpture for 5 points each and the artist for another 5 points. You have 15 seconds to begin your answer.
Answers: (a) David by Michelangelo Buonarroti; (b) Discobolus (or Discus Thrower) by Myron; (c) The Thinker (or Le Penseur) by Auguste Rodin 2. For ten points each, which character says the following lines from Hamlet?
a) “This above all, – to thine own self be true”
b) “Now cracks a noble heart. -- Good night, sweet prince”
c) “There's rosemary, that's for remembrance”
Answer: Ophelia 3. Answer the following from electrical physics FTPE:
(10) Often denoted by Q, this property of matter is measured in Coulombs. The electron is negative in this while the proton is positive.
(10) Symbolized by C, and usually found as a parallel plate, this circuit element stores charge creating an electric field.
(10) The derivative of the voltage across a capacitor times the capacitance is equal to this.
Answer: current (Q = CV)
4. Remember the Sega Dreamcast? Identify the following for ten points each.
a) This football line that helped push the system was the first to feature online play through the system’s modem.
Answer: the NFL2K series
b) This first-party game was the first to use cell shading as you skated around and spray-painted graffiti in the town.
Answer: Jet Grind Radio
c) Yu Suzuki’s most epic adventure series originally started on the Dreamcast. It featured Ryo Hazuki and his quest for revenge against Lan Di. Name this game.
Answer: Shenmue 5. Name the person on a 30-20-10 basis.
(30 points) The only active-duty US Navy ship named after a foreigner is named after him, though it should be noted that his mother, the former actress Jennie Jerome, was American born.
(20 points) First Lord of the Admiralty during the first half of WWI, he was forced from the government after the Gallipoli disaster, for which he was blamed.
(10 points) He rescued his once-tarnished reputation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom for most of WWII
Answer: Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill 6. The original dysfunctional family of Western culture: FTPE, stuff about a child of Zeus.
The goddess of wisdom, she sprang fully grown from Zeus' head.
Athena’s mother was this woman, Zeus' first wife, whom he swallowed to prevent the birth of the child out of fear that this child would overthrow him.
Athena offered wealth and promised to help this mortal lead Troy to a victory over the Greeks in return for him judging her the fairest of the three goddesses. When he took Aphrodite’s bribe instead, she switched to the Greek side.
7. Identify the following types of chemical bonds, FTSNOP.
(5) Bonds in which two atoms share one or more pairs of electrons.
Answer: covalent bonds
(5) Bonds formed by electrical attractions between oppositely charges species, as in NaCl.
Answer: ionic bonds
(10) Interactions between an electronegative atom and a covalently bonded hydrogen, as in water.
Answer: hydrogen bonds
(10) Interactions between nonpolar molecules in which random variations in the electron distribution in one molecule create an opposite charge distribution in the adjacent molecule.
Answer: van der Waals attractions
8. Answer these questions about books appearing on the American Library Association’s list of most banned or challenged books for ten points each.
a) The third-most challenged book of 2003, this 1937 John Steinbeck novella tells the story of Lennie and George.
Answer: Of Mice and Men
b) This 1993 work by Lois Lowry, #11 on the banned books list for the 1990s, concerns a boy who attempts to break free from a futuristic dystopian society.
Answer: The Giver
c) This author’s We All Fall Down was #8 on the list of most challenged books during 2003. His other works to run afoul of the book-banning crowd include I Am the Cheese and The Chocolate War.
Answer: Robert Cormier 9. For ten points each, name the band given singles from their respective self-titled albums.
a) “Queer,” “Stupid Girl,” “Only Happy When It Rains”
b) “Darts of Pleasure,” “Michael,” “Take Me Out”
Answer: Franz Ferdinand
c) “Trapped in a Box”
Answer: No Doubt 10. 30-20-10, name the person.
For 30, according to the official accounts of his country, his birth in 1942 on Mount Paektu was heralded by a rainbow. Other sources indicate he was actually born in Siberia
For 20, this world leader is a movie aficionado, likes to wear platform shoes, and has an intense fear of flying. While he has held the same office since 1994, that office did not officially make him head of state until 1998.
For 10, this “ronery" leader of North Korea succeeded his father, Kim Il-Sung, as de facto leader upon his father’s death in 1994.
Answer: Kim Jong-il 11. At 23.5 degrees south, the Tropic of Capricorn crosses most of the world’s southernmost countries at some point. Surprisingly, there are only four independent nations that lie wholly below that line. Name any three for 10 points each. A couple of hints: Al four are fairly small, and only one is an island nation.
Answers: any three of New Zealand, Lesotho,Swaziland, and Uruguay
This “power plant” of the cell manufactures ATP which is the basic unit of energy for life. There are normally 1 to 2 thousand of these in a human liver cell.
Answer: Mitochondrion (-a)
This organelle is composed of rRNA and translates mRNA into protein as they float freely in the cytoplasm of cells.
These are found in both plant and animal cells that process protein and act as the central delivery system for the cell.
Answer: Golgi Apparatus (acc. body and complex)
13. Name the dynasty based on some of its leaders FTPE.
a) Henry VII and Elizabeth I.
Answer: Tudor Dynasty
b) Hong Wu, Jian Wen, and Xuande (shoe-and-ee).
Answer: Ming Dynasty
c) Peter the Great, Catherine I, and Peter II.
Answer: Romanov Dynasty
14. FTPE, give the areas of the following. You have 10 seconds per part.
A circle with circumference 20 pi inches.
Answer: 100 pi square inches
A square with a perimeter of 28 meters.
Answer: 49 square meters
A right triangle with a hypotenuse of 13 feet.
Answer: 30 square feet 15. I'll give you a quote from a work of Romantic poetry, give me the name of the work for ten points each. You'll get five if you need the name of the author.
1. (10 points) "O wind! If winter comes / Can spring be far behind?"
(5 points) Percy Bysshe Shelley.
Answer: "Ode to the West Wind"
2. (10 points) "One shade the more, one ray the less, / Had half impair'd the nameless grace / Which waves in every raven tress, / Or softly lightens o'er her face;"
(5 points) Lord Byron.
Answer: "She Walks in Beauty"
3. (10 points) "The winds that will be howling at all hours, / And are up-gathered now like sleeping flowers; / For this, for everything, we are out of tune; / It moves us not."
(5 points) William Wordsworth.
Answer: "The world is too much with us; late and soon"
16. Name these famous concepts from philosophy FTPE.
A. The namesake of this principle was a Franciscan scholar who promulgated the idea that one should eliminate all unnecessary facts when analyzing a subject.
Answer: Occam’s Razor
B. The French religious thinker and mathematician who postulated this idea felt that you have everything to gain and nothing to lose in believing in God.
Answer: Pascal’s Wager
C. This medieval French philosopher namesake hypothesized that, given free will and placed equidistant between two identical stacks of hay, the animal won’t have any basis for choosing one over the other.
Answer: Buridan’s Ass 17. Given a character from Prokofiev’s Peter and the Wolf, name the instrument that represents the character FFPE:
Answer: strings section or violin or cello
b) Peter’s grandfather
c) Peter’s Cat
d) The wolf
Answer: French horns
18. For ten points each, answer the following about prescription drug issues.
a) Give the market name of Rofecoxib, a popular anti-inflammatory which was withdrawn from the market by Merck in 2004 due to findings that it increased the chance of heart attacks.
b) What similar drug, Celecoxib, marketed by Pfizer was found to have similar effects in December 2004 but was not pulled from shelves?
c) Frances Kelsey became a hero for her 1960 decision to withhold approval in the US of what birth-defect-causing drug?
19. Most Civil War generals had nicknames. For ten points each, given a nickname, name the Union general.
1. Young Napoleon.
Answer: George Brinton McClellan
2. Old Rosey.
Answer: William S. Rosecrans
3. Old Brains.
Answer: Henry Wager Halleck 20. FTPE, name the African-born winners of the Nobel Prize for Literature from given clues
a. This 2003 Nobel winner was born in South Africa. He wrote Waiting for Barbarians, and Dusklands among other works.
Answer: J.M. Coetzeeds the last to join the Canadian Confederation
b. This 1991 Nobel winner was also born in South Africa. She wrote A Guest of Honour, The Conservationist, and the Burger's Daughter among other works.
Answer: Nadine Gordimer
c. This 1986 Nobel winner born in Nigeria. He wrote 20 plays, novels, and collections of poetry.
Answer: Wole Soyinka
21. 5-10-15, answer the following questions about the Abu Ghraib scandal.
5 – What Bush administration official took “full responsibility” for the events that occurred at Abu Ghraib?
Answer: Donald Rumsfeld
10 – Who is the female private seen in some of the most well-known Abu Ghraib pictures, grinning and pointing at the genitals of naked Iraqi prisoners?
15 – Who was the senior US military officer in Iraq who has been implicated as authorizing some of the torture methods used in Abu Ghraib?
Answer: Gen Ricardo Sanchez 22. Identify the division of FedEx from the color, FTPE.