University of Makeni – Sustainable Enterprise – Concepts of Security – national, global and human This is an enormous topic and is normally studied in relation to specific issues, countries and regions



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International Security, also called Global Security, refers to a collection of measures used by nations and international organizations, such as the NATO, United Nations, European Union, ASEAN, and others, to allow mutual survival and safety. Such measures include military action and diplomatic agreements such as treaties and conventions. International and national security are invariably linked. International security is national security or state security in the global arena.

  • The meaning of "security" is often treated as a common sense term that can be understood by "unacknowledged consensus". The content of international security has expanded over the years. It covers a variety of interconnected issues in the world that have an impact on survival.

  • It ranges from the traditional or conventional modes of military power, the causes and consequences of war between states, economic strength, to ethnic, religious and ideological conflicts, trade and economic conflicts, energy supplies, science and technology, food, as well as threats to human security and the stability of states from environmental degradation, infectious diseases, climate change and the activities of non-state actors.

  • While the wide perspective of international security regards everything as a security matter, the traditional approach focuses mainly or exclusively on military concerns

The military aspect of security is an important, but not the sole, component of national security. Authorities differ in their choice of nation security elements. Besides the military aspect of security, the aspects of diplomacy or politics; society; environment; energy and natural resources; and economics are commonly listed.




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